Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Irish Nationalists in AmericaThe Politics of Exile, 1798–1998$

David Brundage

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780195331776

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331776.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2017. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see http://www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy). Subscriber: null; date: 26 February 2017

(p.251) Bibliography

(p.251) Bibliography

Source:
Irish Nationalists in America
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

Published Primary Sources

Adams, Gerry. A Farther Shore: Ireland’s Long Road to Peace. New York: Random House, 2003.

Bagenal, Philip. H. The American Irish and Their Influence on Irish Politics. Boston: Roberts, 1882.

Bagenal, Philip. H. The Irish Agitator in Parliament and on the Platform. Dublin: Hodges, Foster, and Figgis, 1880.

Barnes, Charles B. The Longshoremen. New York: Russell Sage, 1915.

Bartlett, Thomas, ed. “Select Documents: Defenders and Defenderism in 1795.” Irish Historical Studies 24, no. 95 (May 1985): 373–94.

Burke, Edmund. The Correspondence of Edmund Burke. Vol. 7, January 1792–August 1794. Edited by P. J. Marshall and John A. Woods. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1968.

Beatty, John D., ed. Protestant Women’s Narratives of the Irish Rebellion of 1798. Dublin: Four Courts, 2001.

Brophy, John. A Miner’s Life. Edited by John O. P. Hall. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1964.

Cameron Commission. Disturbances in Northern Ireland: Report of the Commission Appointed by the Governor of Northern Ireland. Belfast: HMSO, 1969.

Campbell, T. J., and Eddie McAteer. Irish Action: Nationalist Politics in Northern Ireland in the Stormont Period, as Expressed by Nationalist Leaders. Belfast: Athol, 1979.

Carey, Mathew. Autobiography. Brooklyn, NY: Schwaab, 1942.

Carey, Mathew. Miscellaneous Essays. Philadelphia: Carey and Hart, 1830.

Clinton, Bill. My Life. New York: Knopf, 2004.

Cobbett, William. Porcupine’s Works: Containing Various Writings and Selections, Exhibiting a Faithful Picture of the United States of America. London: Cobbett and Morgan, 1801.

Cohalan, Daniel F. “America’s Advice to Ireland.” In The Voice of Ireland, edited by William G. Fitz-Gerald, 212–14. Dublin: Heywood, 1924.

Coigly, James. A Patriot Priest: The Life of Father James Coigly, 1761–1798. Edited by Dáire Keogh. Cork: Cork University Press, 1998.

Currie, Austin. All Hell Will Break Loose. Dublin: O’Brien, 2004.

Dalberg-Acton, John. “Nationality.” In Essays in the Liberal Interpretation of History, edited by William H. McNeill, 131–59. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1967.

Davidson, Sara. “Bernadette Devlin: An Irish Revolutionary in Irish America.” Harper’s Magazine, January 1, 1970.

Davitt, Michael. The Fall of Feudalism in Ireland; Or, The Story of the Land League Revolution. London: Harper, 1904.

(p.252) Davitt, Michael. Speech Delivered by Michael Davitt in Defence of the Land League. London: Kegan Paul, 1890.

Denieffe, Joseph. A Personal Narrative of the Irish Revolutionary Brotherhood. Reprint ed. Shannon: Irish University Press, 1969.

Devoy, John. Devoy’s Post Bag, 1871–1928. Edited by William O’Brien and Desmond Ryan. 2 vols. Dublin: Fallon, 1948.

Devoy, John. The Land of Eire. New York: Patterson and Neilson, 1882.

Devoy, John. Recollections of an Irish Rebel. Reprint ed. Shannon: Irish University Press, 1969.

Dinkins, David N., with Peter Knobler. A Mayor’s Life: Governing New York’s Gorgeous Mosaic. New York: PublicAffairs, 2013.

Doheny, Michael. The Felon’s Track. Dublin: Gill, 1951.

Drennan, William, and Martha Drennan McTier. The Drennan-McTier Letters. Edited by Jean Agnew. 3 vols. Dublin: Women’s History Project in association with the Irish Manuscripts Commission, 1998–1999.

Duffy, Charles Gavan. Four Years of Irish History, 1845–1849. London: Cassell, Petter, Galpin, 1883.

Duffy, Charles Gavan. Young Ireland: A Fragment of Irish History, 1840–1845. London: Cassell, Petter, Galpin, 1880.

Emmet, Thomas Addis. Incidents of My Life. New York: Putnam, 1911.

Emmet, Thomas Addis. Memoir of Thomas Addis and Robert Emmet with Their Ancestors and Immediate Family. New York: Emmet, 1915.

Equiano, Olaudah. The Interesting Narrative and Other Writings. Edited by Vincent Carretta. Rev. ed. New York: Penguin, 2003.

Flynn, Elizabeth Gurley. The Rebel Girl: An Autobiography, My First Life (1906–1926). Reprint ed. New York: International Publishers, 1973.

George, Henry. Collected Journalistic Writings. Edited by Kenneth C. Wenzer. 4 vols. Armonk, NY: Sharpe, 2003.

George, Henry. Progress and Poverty. New York: Modern Library, 1929.

Grattan, Thomas Colley. Civilized America. 2 vols. New York: Johnson Reprint Corporation, 1969.

Hart, Charles. Young Irelander Abroad: The Diary of Charles Hart. Edited by Brendan Ó Cathaoir. Cork: Cork University Press, 2003.

Hayden, Tom. Irish on the Inside: In Search of the Soul of Irish America. London: Verso, 2001.

Healy, T. M. Letters and Leaders of My Day. 2 vols. New York: Stokes, 1929.

Heatley, Fred. “The Beginning 1964–Feb. 1968.” Fortnight, March 22, 1974.

Higgins, Francis. Revolutionary Dublin, 1795–1801: The Letters of Francis Higgins to Dublin Castle. Edited by Thomas Bartlett. Dublin: Four Courts, 2004.

Hill, Robert A., ed. The Marcus Garvey and Universal Negro Improvement Association Papers. 10 vols. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1983–2006.

Hope, James. United Irishman: The Autobiography of James Hope. Edited by John Newsinger. London: Merlin, 2001.

Hughes, John Joseph. Complete Works of the Most Reverend John Hughes. 2 vols. New York: Catholic Publication House, 1864.

Hume, John. A New Ireland: Politics, Peace, and Reconciliation. Boulder, CO: Roberts Rinehart, 1996.

Hunt, Lynn, ed. and trans. The French Revolution and Human Rights: A Brief Documentary History. Boston: Bedford, 1996.

Irish Free State. Debate on the Treaty between Great Britain and Ireland Signed in London on the 6th December, 1921. Dublin: Talbot, 1922.

Jefferson, Thomas. The Papers of Thomas Jefferson. Vol. 30, 1 January 1798 to 31 January 1799. Edited by Barbara B. Oberg. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2003.

Joy, Henry. Belfast Politics, Or a Collection of the Debates, Resolutions, and Other Proceedings of that Town in the Years 1792 to 1793. Belfast: Joy, 1794.

Keating, Geoffrey. The History of Ireland, From the Earliest Period to the English Invasion. New York: Kirker, 1866.

Keating, Henry S. On the Defence of Ireland. Dublin: Byrne, 1795.

(p.253) McAliskey, Bernadette (Devlin). “A Peasant in the Halls of the Great.” In Twenty Years On, edited by Michael Farrell, 75–88. Dingle, Ireland: Brandon, 1988.

McCann, Eamonn. War and an Irish Town. Updated ed. London: Pluto, 1980.

MacCarthy, James. Political Portraits by Fitz-Mac. Colorado Springs, CO: Gazette, 1888.

McDaniel, Denzil. Enniskillen: The Remembrance Day Sunday Bombing. Niwot, CO: Irish American Book Company, 1997.

McKittrick, David. The Nervous Peace. Belfast: Blackstaff, 1996.

McKittrick, David. Through the Minefield. Belfast: Blackstaff, 1999.

McManus, Seán. My American Struggle for Justice in Northern Ireland. Cork: Collins, 2011.

MacNeven, William James. Pieces of Irish History. New York: Dornin, 1807.

Madden, R. R. The United Irishmen: Their Lives and Times. 4 vols. 2nd ed. Dublin: Duffy, 1858–60.

Maguire, John Francis. The Irish in America. New York: Sadlier, 1868.

Major, John R. John Major: The Autobiography. New York: HarperCollins, 1999.

Meagher, Thomas Francis. Meagher of the Sword: Speeches of Thomas Francis Meagher in Ireland, 1846–1848. Edited by Arthur Griffith. Dublin: Gill, 1916.

Miller, David W., ed. Peep o’day Boys and Defenders: Selected Documents on the Disturbances in County Armagh, 1784–1796. Belfast: Public Record Office of Northern Ireland, 1990.

Mitchel, John. Jail Journal. Reprint ed. Dublin: University Press of Ireland, 1982.

Mitchel, John. The Last Conquest of Ireland (Perhaps). Glasgow: Cameron and Ferguson, 1876.

Mitchell, George J. Making Peace. Updated ed. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2000.

Mooney, Thomas. Nine Years in America. Dublin: McGlashan, 1850.

Musgrave, Richard. Memoirs of the Different Rebellions in Ireland. Edited by Steven W. Myers and Delores E. McKnight. 4th ed. Fort Wayne, IN: Round Tower, 1995.

Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association. “We Shall Overcome”: The History of the Struggle for Civil Rights in Northern Ireland, 1968–1978. Belfast: Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association, 1979.

O’Connell, Daniel. The Correspondence of Daniel O’Connell. Edited by Maurice R. O’Connell. 8 vols. Dublin: Irish University Press, 1972–80.

O’Connell, Daniel. Daniel O’Connell upon American Slavery: With Other Irish Testimonies. New York: American Anti-Slavery Society, 1860.

O’Connor, Feargus. A Series of Letters from Feargus O’Connor to Daniel O’Connell. Reprint ed. New York: Garland, 1986

O’Connor, T. P. Memoirs of an Old Parliamentarian. 2 vols. London: Benn, 1929.

O’Day, Alan, and John Stevenson, eds. Irish Historical Documents since 1800. Dublin: Gill and Macmillan, 1992.

O’Dwyer, Paul, Counsel for the Defense: The Autobiography of Paul O’Dwyer. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1979.

O’Leary, John. Recollections of Fenians and Fenianism. 2 vols. Reprint ed. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1969.

O’Neill, Tip, with William Novak. Man of the House: The Life and Political Memoirs of Speaker Tip O’Neill. New York: Random House, 1987.

Paine, Thomas. Collected Writings. Edited by Eric Foner. New York: Library of America, 1995.

Pigott, Richard. Personal Recollections of an Irish National Journalist. 2nd ed. Dublin: Hodges, Figgis, 1883.

Powell, Jonathan. Great Hatred, Little Room: Making Peace in Northern Ireland. London: Bodley Head, 2008.

Polk, James K. Correspondence of James K. Polk. Vol 9, January–June 1845. Edited by Wayne Cutler. Nashville, TN: Vanderbilt University Press, 1996.

Quill, Shirley. Mike Quill, Himself: A Memoir. Greenwich, CT: Devin-Adair, 1985.

Quinn, John. The Letters of John Quinn to William Butler Yeats. Edited by Alan Himber. Ann Arbor: UMI Research Press, 1983.

Ripley, C. Peter, ed. The Black Abolitionist Papers. Vol. 1, The British Isles, 1830–1865. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1985.

(p.254) Report of the Proceedings of the National Repeal Convention of the Friends of Ireland in the United States of America. Philadelphia: Fithian, 1842.

Roney, Frank. Frank Roney, Irish Rebel and California Labor Leader: An Autobiography. Edited by Ira B. Cross. Reprint ed. New York: AMS, 1977.

Rowan, Archibald Hamilton. The Autobiography of Archibald Hamilton Rowan. Edited by William H. Drummond. Reprint ed. Shannon: Irish University Press, 1972.

Russell, Thomas. Journals and Memoirs of Thomas Russell, 1791–5. Edited by C. J. Woods. Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 1991.

Rutherford, John. The Secret History of the Fenian Conspiracy: Its Origin, Objects and Ramifications. 2 vols. London: Kegan Paul, 1877.

Sampson, William. Memoirs of William Sampson. 2nd ed. Leesburg, VA: Caldwell, 1817.

Sampson, William. Trial of the Journeymen Cordwainers of the City of New-York. New York: Riley, 1810.

Sampson, William, and J. Vanière. The Catholic Question in America: Whether a Roman Catholic Clergyman Be in Any Case Compellable to Disclose the Secrets of Auricular Confession. New York: Gillespy, 1813.

Seward, William Henry. An Oration on the Death of Daniel O’Connell: Delivered at Castle Garden, New York, September 22, 1847. Auburn, NY: Derby, 1847.

Society of United Irishmen of Dublin. Proceedings of the Society of United Irishmen, of Dublin. Dublin: Society of United Irishmen of Dublin, 1793.

Sheehy-Skeffington, Francis. Michael Davitt, Revolutionary, Agitator and Labour Leader. London: Unwin, 1908.

“Speech by Bertie Ahern to US Congress.” Ireland-Irish Information Website, http://www.ireland-information.com/articles/bertieahernspeechtouscongress.htm, consulted December 22, 2014.

Spero, Sterling D., and Abram Lincoln Harris. The Black Worker: The Negro and the Labor Movement. Reprint ed. New York: Atheneum, 1968.

“Thomas Addis Emmet.” City-Hall Reporter and New-York Law Magazine, December 1, 1833.

Tone, Theobald Wolfe. Life of Theobald Wolfe Tone. Compiled and arranged by William Theobald Wolfe Tone. Edited by Thomas Bartlett. Dublin: Lilliput, 1998.

Tone, Theobald Wolfe. The Writings of Theobald Wolfe Tone, 1763–98. Edited by T. W. Moody, R. B. McDowell, and C. J. Woods. 3 vols. Oxford: Clarendon, 1998–2007.

United Irish League of America. Proceedings of the Second National Convention of the United Irish League of America, New York City, August 30 and 31, 1904. New York: United Irish League of America, 1904.

Wrongs and Rights of Ireland, Depicted by Distinguished Americans. 2nd ed. Albany, NY: Jones, 1844.

Wyse, Thomas, Sir. Historical Sketch of the Late Catholic Association of Ireland. 2 vols. London: Colburn, 1829.

Newspapers and Periodicals

Boston Pilot

Bulletin of the Irish Progressive League

Chicago Daily News

Cincinnati Catholic Telegraph

The Citizen (New York)

Denver Labor Enquirer

Gaelic American (New York)

Irish America (New York)

Irish Echo (New York)

Irish Herald (San Francisco)

Irish Press (Philadelphia)

Irish Times (Dublin)

Irish Voice (New York)

(p.255) Irish World (New York)

New York Call

New York Daily News

New York Evening Post

New York Herald

New York Times

New York Tribune

Northern Star (Belfast)

San Francisco Chronicle

Shamrock (New York)

The Times (London)

Wall Street Journal

Washington Post

Manuscript Collections

American Irish Historical Society, New York

Daniel F. Cohalan Papers

Thomas O’Connor Papers

Archives of Irish America, Bobst Library, New York University

Patrick Daughton Papers

Boston Public Library, Department of Rare Books and Manuscripts

MacSwiney Club Papers

Columbia University Oral History Archives, New York

William O’Dwyer interview transcript

Hatcher Library, Special Collections, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

John F. Finerty Papers

Library of Congress, Manuscript Division, Washington, DC

Arthur Family Papers

Charles Edward Russell Papers

National Library of Ireland, Dublin

Peter Golden Papers

Gerard Tighe Papers

New York Public Library, Manuscripts and Archives Division

William Bourke Cockran Papers

St. John’s University Archives and Special Collections, New York

American League for an Undivided Ireland Records

Secondary Works

Adams, Graham. Age of Industrial Violence, 1910–15: The Activities and Findings of the United States Commission on Industrial Relations. New York: Columbia University Press, 1966.

Alexander, Shawn Leigh. An Army of Lions: The Civil Rights Struggle before the NAACP. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2012.

Allgor, Catherine. Parlor Politics: In Which the Ladies of Washington Help Build a City and a Government. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 2000.

Amos, Keith. The Fenians in Australia, 1865–1880. Kensington, Australia: New South Wales University Press, 1988.

Anbinder, Tyler. Five Points: The 19th-Century New York City Neighborhood That Invented Tap Dance, Stole Elections, and Became the World’s Most Notorious Slum. New York: Free Press, 2001.

Anderson, Benedict. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. Rev. ed. London: Verso, 2006.

Anderson, Benedict. “Long-Distance Nationalism.” Chapter 3 in The Spectre of Comparisons: Nationalism, Southeast Asia, and the World. London: Verso, 1998.

(p.256) Anderson, Brendan. Joe Cahill: A Life in the IRA. Dublin: O’Brien, 2002.

Anderson, Fred, and Andrew Clayton. Dominion of War: Empire and Liberty in North America, 1500–2000. New York: Viking, 2005.

Appleby, Joyce. Capitalism and a New Social Order: The Republican Vision of the 1790s. New York: New York University Press, 1984.

Arnesen, Eric, et al. “Scholarly Controversy: Whiteness and the Historians’ Imagination.” International Labor and Working-Class History 60 (Fall 2001): 1–92.

Arthur, Paul. Special Relationships: Britain, Ireland and the Northern Ireland Problem. Belfast: Blackstaff, 2000.

Banning, Lance. The Jeffersonian Persuasion: Evolution of a Party Ideology. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1978.

Bardon, Jonathan. A History of Ulster. Updated ed. Belfast: Blackstaff, 2001.

Barrett, James R. The Irish Way: Becoming American in the Multiethnic City. New York: Penguin, 2012.

Bartlett, Thomas. “Britishness, Irishness and the Act of Union.” In Acts of Union: The Causes, Context and Consequences of the Act of Union, edited by Dáire Keogh and Kevin Whelan, 243–58. Dublin: Four Courts, 2001.

Bartlett, Thomas. “Defence, Counter-Insurgency and Rebellion: Ireland, 1793–1803.” In A Military History of Ireland, edited by Thomas Bartlett and Keith Jeffery, 247–93. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Bartlett, Thomas. The Fall and Rise of the Irish Nation: The Catholic Question, 1690–1830. Savage, MD: Barnes and Noble, 1992.

Bartlett, Thomas. Ireland: A History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010.

Bartlett, Thomas. “Last Flight of the Wild Geese? Bonaparte’s Irish Legion, 1803–15.” In Irish Communities in Early-Modern Europe, edited by Thomas O’Connor and Mary Ann Lyons, 160–71. Dublin: Four Courts, 2006.

Bartlett, Thomas. “Miles Byrne: United Irishman, Irish Exile and Beau Sabreur.” In The Mighty Wave: The 1798 Rebellion in Wexford, edited by Dáire Keogh and Nicholas Furlong, 118–38. Dublin: Four Courts, 1996.

Bartlett, Thomas. Theobald Wolfe Tone. Dundalk, Ireland: Dundalgan, 1997.

Bartlett, Thomas, David Dickson, Dáire Keogh, and Kevin Whelan, eds. 1798: A Bicentenary Perspective. Dublin: Four Courts, 2003.

Bayly, C. A. The Birth of the Modern World, 1780–1914. Oxford: Blackwell, 2004.

Bayly, C. A. “Ireland, India and the Empire: 1780–1914.” Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 6th series, 10 (2000): 377–97.

Beaumont, Caitríona. “Gender, Citizenship and the State in Ireland, 1922–1990.” In Ireland in Proximity: History, Gender, Space, edited by Scott Brewster, Virginia Crossman, Fiona Becket, and David Alderson, 94–108. London: Routledge, 1999.

Beckert, Sven. The Monied Metropolis: New York City and the Consolidation of the American Bourgeoisie, 1850–1896. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.

Bedford, Henry F. Socialism and the Workers in Massachusetts, 1886–1912. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1966.

Beiner, Guy. “Fenianism and the Martyrdom-Terrorism Nexus in Ireland before Independence.” In Martyrdom and Terrorism: Pre-Modern to Contemporary Perspectives, edited by Dominic Janes and Alex Houen, 199–220. New York: Oxford University Press, 2014.

Beiner, Guy. Remembering the Year of the French: Irish Folk History and Social Memory. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2007.

Belchem, John. “Nationalism, Republicanism and Exile: Irish Emigrants and the Revolutions of 1848.” Past & Present 146 (February 1995): 103–35.

Berlin, Ira. Generations of Captivity: A History of African-American Slaves. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2003.

Bernard, Margie. Daughter of Derry: The Story of Brigid Sheils Makowski. London: Pluto, 1989.

Bew, Paul. Enigma: A New Life of Charles Stewart Parnell. Dublin: Gill and Macmillan, 2011.

(p.257) Bew, Paul. Ideology and the Irish Question: Ulster Unionism and Irish Nationalism, 1912–1916. Oxford: Clarendon, 1994.

Bew, Paul. Ireland: The Politics of Enmity, 1789–2006. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007.

Bisceglia, Louis. “The Fenian Funeral of Terence Bellew McManus.” Éire-Ireland 14, no. 3 (Spring 1979): 45–64.

Blackmar, Elizabeth. Manhattan for Rent, 1785–1850. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1989.

Blessing, Patrick J. “The Irish in America.” In The Encyclopedia of the Irish in America. Edited by Michael Glazier, 453–70. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1999.

Boyce, D. George. Nationalism in Ireland. 3rd ed. London: Routledge, 1995.

Boyce, D. George, and Alan O’Day, eds. The Making of Modern Irish History: Revisionism and the Revisionist Controversy. London: Routledge, 1996.

Boylan, Anne M. The Origins of Women’s Activism: New York and Boston, 1797–1840. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2002.

Brady, Ciaran, ed. Interpreting Irish History: The Debate on Historical Revisionism, 1938–1994. Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 1994.

Branson, Susan. These Fiery Frenchified Dames: Women and Political Culture in Early National Philadelphia. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2001.

Brasted, Howard. “Indian Nationalist Development and the Influence of Irish Home Rule, 1870–1886.” Modern Asian Studies 14, no. 1 (1980): 37–63.

Bric, Maurice J. “Debating Slavery and Empire: The United States, Britain and the World’s Anti-Slavery Convention of 1840.” In A Global History of Anti-Slavery Politics in the Nineteenth Century, edited by William Mulligan and Maurice J. Bric, 59–77. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013.

Bric, Maurice J. Ireland, Philadelphia and the Re-invention of America, 1760–1800. Dublin: Four Courts, 2008.

Brody, David. Workers in Industrial America: Essays on the 20th Century Struggle. 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.

Brophy, Thomas J. “Rivalry between Irish Associations in San Francisco over the Second Funeral of Terence Bellew McManus.” In Associational Culture in Ireland and Abroad, edited by Jennifer Kelly and R. V. Comerford, 67–84. Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 2010.

Brown, Katharine L. “United Irishmen in the American South: A Re-evaluation.” In Ulster Presbyterians in the Atlantic World: Religion, Politics and Identity, ed. David A. Wilson and Mark G. Spencer, 87–103. Dublin: Four Courts, 2006.

Brown, Terence. Ireland: A Social and Cultural History, 1922–2002. 2nd ed. London: Harper Perennial, 2004.

Brown, Thomas N. Irish-American Nationalism, 1870–1890. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1966.

Brown, Thomas N. “The Origins and Character of Irish-American Nationalism.” Review of Politics 18, no. 3 (July 1956): 327–58.

Brundage, David. “‘In Time of Peace, Prepare for War’: Key Themes in the Social Thought of New York’s Irish Nationalists, 1890–1916.” In The New York Irish, edited by Ronald H. Bayor and Timothy J. Meagher, 321–34. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996.

Brundage, David. The Making of Western Labor Radicalism: Denver’s Organized Workers, 1878–1905. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1994.

Brundage, David. “Matilda Tone in America: Exile, Gender, and Memory in the Making of Irish Republican Nationalism.” New Hibernia Review 14, no. 1 (Spring 2010): 96–111.

Brundage, David. “Recent Directions in the History of Irish American Nationalism.” Journal of American Ethnic History 28, no. 4 (Summer 2009): 82–89.

Buckley, John Patrick. The New York Irish: Their View of American Foreign Policy, 1914–1921. New York: Arno, 1976.

Bull, Philip. Land, Politics and Nationalism: A Study of the Irish Land Question. Dublin: Gill and Macmillan, 1996.

Burchell, R. A. The San Francisco Irish, 1848–1880. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1980.

(p.258) Burke, Martin. “Piecing Together a Shattered Past: The Historical Writings of the United Irish Exiles in America.” In The United Irishmen: Republicanism, Radicalism and Rebellion, ed. David Dickson, Dáire Keogh, and Kevin Whelan, 297–306. Dublin: Lilliput, 1993.

Callanan, Frank. The Parnell Split, 1890–91. Cork: Cork University Press, 1992.

Campbell, Malcolm. Ireland’s New Worlds: Immigrants, Politics, and Society in the United States and Australia, 1815–1922. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2008.

Campbell, Sarah. “New Nationalism? The S.D.L.P. and the Creation of a Socialist and Labour Party in Northern Ireland, 1969–75.” Irish Historical Studies 38, no. 151 (May 2013): 422–38.

Cannavan, Jan. “Revolution in Ireland, Evolution in Women’s Rights: Irish Women in 1798 and 1848.” In Irish Women and Nationalism: Soldiers, New Women and Wicked Hags, edited by Louise Ryan and Margaret Ward, 30–44. Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 2004.

Carretta, Vincent. Equiano, the African: Biography of a Self-Made Man. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2005.

Carroll, Francis M. “America and Irish Political Independence, 1910–33.” In The Irish in America: Emigration, Assimilation, and Impact, edited by P. J. Drudy, 271–93. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985.

Carroll, Francis M. “America and the 1916 Rising.” In 1916: The Long Revolution, edited by Gabriel Doherty and Dermot Keogh, 121–40. Cork: Mercier, 2007.

Carroll, Francis M. American Opinion and the Irish Question, 1910–23: A Study in Opinion and Policy. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1978.

Chaffin, Tom. Giant’s Causeway: Frederick Douglass’s Irish Odyssey and the Making of an American Visionary. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2014.

Chambers, Liam. Rebellion in Kildare, 1790–1803. Dublin: Four Courts, 1998.

Chapman, Michael E. “‘How to Smash the British Empire’: John Forrest Kelly’s Irish World and the Boycott of 1920–21.” Éire-Ireland 43, nos. 3–4 (Fall–Winter 2008): 217–52.

Charlton, Kenneth. “The State of Ireland in the 1820s: James Cropper’s Plan.”Irish Historical Studies 17, no. 67 (March 1971): 320–39.

Cherny, Robert W. “The Making of a Labor Radical: Harry Bridges, 1901–1934.” Pacific Historical Review 64, No. 3 (August 1995): 363–88.

Clark, Dennis. Erin’s Heirs: Irish Bonds of Community. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1991.

Clark, Dennis. Irish Blood: Northern Ireland and the American Conscience. Port Washington, NY: Kennikat, 1977.

Clark, Dennis. The Irish in Philadelphia: Ten Generations of Urban Experience. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1973.

Clark, Samuel. Social Origins of the Irish Land War. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1979.

Clarke, Brian P. Piety and Nationalism: Lay Voluntary Associations and the Creation of an Irish-Catholic Community in Toronto, 1850–1895. Montreal: McGill-Queens University Press, 1993.

Cochrane, Feargal. “Irish-America, the End of the IRA’s Armed Struggle and the Utility of ‘Soft Power.’” Journal of Peace Research 44, no. 2 (March 2007): 215–31.

Comerford, R. V. “Churchmen, Tenants, and Independent Opposition, 1850–56.” In A New History of Ireland. Vol. 5, Ireland under the Union I, 1801–1870, edited by W. E. Vaughan, 396–414. Oxford: Clarendon, 1989.

Comerford, R. V. “Comprehending the Fenians.” Saothar 17 (1992): 52–56.

Comerford, R. V. The Fenians in Context: Irish Politics and Society, 1848–82. Dublin: Wolfhound, 1985.

Coogan, Tim Pat. Eamon de Valera: The Man Who Was Ireland. New York: HarperCollins, 1995.

Côté, Jane McL. Fanny and Anna Parnell: Ireland’s Patriot Sisters. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1991.

Connell, R. W. “The Convict Rebellion of 1804.” Melbourne Historical Journal 5 (1965): 27–37.

Connolly, S. J. Divided Kingdom: Ireland, 1630–1800. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008.

Costello, Francis J. Enduring the Most: The Life and Death of Terence MacSwiney. Dingle, Ireland: Brandon, 1995.

Cotlar, Seth. Tom Paine’s America: The Rise and Fall of Transatlantic Radicalism in the Early Republic. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2011.

(p.259) Coughlan, Rupert J. Napper Tandy. Dublin: Anvil, 1976.

Crapol, Edward P. John Tyler: The Accidental President. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2006.

Cronin, Mike. Sport and Nationalism in Ireland: Gaelic Games, Soccer and Irish Identity since 1884. Dublin: Four Courts, 1999.

Cronin, Sean. Irish Nationalism: A History of Its Roots and Ideology. Dublin: Academy Press, 1980.

Cronin, Sean. The McGarrity Papers: Revelations of the Irish Revolutionary Movement in Ireland and America, 1900–1940. Tralee, Ireland: Anvil, 1972.

Crowley, John, William J. Smyth, and Mike Murphy, eds. Atlas of the Great Irish Famine. New York: New York University Press, 2012.

Cuddy, Joseph Edward. Irish-Americans and National Isolationism, 1914–1920. New York: Arno, 1976.

Cullen, L. M. “The United Irishmen in Wexford.” In The Mighty Wave: The 1798 Rebellion in Wexford, edited by Dáire Keogh and Nicholas Furlong, 48–64. Dublin: Four Courts, 1996.

Curran, Robert Emmett. “The McGlynn Affair and the Shaping of the New Conservatism in American Catholicism, 1886–1894.” Catholic Historical Review 66, no. 2 (April 1980): 184–204.

Curtin, Nancy J. “The Belfast Uniform: Theobald Wolfe Tone.” Éire-Ireland 20, no. 2 (Summer 1985): 40–69.

Curtin, Nancy J. “Matilda Tone and Virtuous Republican Femininity.” In The Women of 1798, edited by Dáire Keogh and Nicholas Furlong, 26–46. Dublin: Four Courts, 1998.

Curtin, Nancy J. “‘A Nation of Abortive Men’: Gendered Citizenship and Early Irish Republicanism.” In Reclaiming Gender: Transgressive Identities in Modern Ireland, ed. Marilyn Cohen and Nancy J. Curtin, 33–52. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1999.

Curtin, Nancy J. “The Transformation of the Society of United Irishmen into a Mass-Based Revolutionary Organisation, 1794–6.” Irish Historical Studies 24, no. 96 (November 1985): 463–92.

Curtin, Nancy J. The United Irishmen: Popular Politics in Ulster and Dublin, 1791–1798. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994.

Daly, Mary E. Industrial Development and Irish National Identity, 1922–1939. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1992.

Daly, Mary E. “Nationalism, Sentiment, and Economics: Relations between Ireland and Irish America in the Postwar Years.” In New Directions in Irish-American History, edited by Kevin Kenny, 263–79. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2003.

Darby, John. Conflict in Northern Ireland: The Development of a Polarised Community. Dublin: Gill and Macmillan, 1976.

D’Arcy, William. The Fenian Movement in the United States: 1858–1886. Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press, 1947.

Davis, Richard P. Irish Issues in New Zealand Politics, 1868–1922. Dunedin, NZ: University of Otago Press, 1974.

Davis, Richard P. The Young Ireland Movement. Dublin: Gill and Macmillan, 1987.

De Bréadún, Deaglán. The Far Side of Revenge: Making Peace in Northern Ireland. Cork: Collins, 2001.

Delahanty Ian. “‘A Noble Empire in the West’: Young Ireland, the United States and Slavery.” Britain and the World 6, no. 2 (September 2013): 171–91.

Delaney, Enda. “Directions in Historiography: Our Island Story? Towards a Transnational History of Late Modern Ireland.” Irish Historical Studies 37, no. 148 (November 2011): 599–621.

Delaney, Enda. “Migration and Diaspora.” In The Oxford Handbook of Modern Irish History, edited by Alvin Jackson, 126–47. New York: Oxford University Press, 2014.

Dickson, David. New Foundations: Ireland 1660–1800. 2nd ed. Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 2000.

(p.260) Dickson, David. “Paine and Ireland.” In The United Irishmen: Republicanism, Radicalism and Rebellion, edited by David Dickson, Dáire Keogh, and Kevin Whelan, 135–50. Dublin: Lilliput, 1993.

Diner, Hasia R. Erin’s Daughters in America: Irish Immigrant Women in the Nineteenth Century. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1983.

Dolan, Jay P. The Immigrant Church: New York’s Irish and German Catholics, 1815–1865. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1975.

Dolan, Jay P. The Irish Americans: A History. New York: Bloomsbury, 2008.

Donnelly, James S. Jr. The Great Irish Potato Famine. Phoenix Mill, UK: Sutton, 2001.

Donnelly, James S. Jr. Captain Rock: The Irish Agrarian Rebellion of 1821–1824. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2009.

Dooley, Brian. Black and Green: The Fight for Civil Rights in Northern Ireland and Black America. London: Pluto, 1998.

Doorley, Michael. Irish-American Diaspora Nationalism: The Friends of Irish Freedom, 1916–1935. Dublin: Four Courts, 2005.

Doorley, Michael. “Judge Daniel Cohalan: A Nationalist Crusader against British Influence in American Life.” New Hibernia Review 19, no. 2 (Summer 2015): 113–29.

Doyle, David Noel. “The Irish in North America, 1776–1845.” In A New History of Ireland. Vol. 5, Ireland under the Union I, 1801–1870, edited by W. E. Vaughan, 682–725. Oxford: Clarendon, 1989.

Doyle, David Noel. “The Regional Bibliography of Irish America, 1800–1930.” Irish Historical Studies 23, no. 91 (May 1983): 254–83.

Doyle, Joe. “Striking for Ireland on the New York Docks.” In The New York Irish, edited by Ronald H. Bayor and Timothy J. Meagher, 357–73. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996.

Dubofsky, Melvyn. When Workers Organize: New York City in the Progressive Era. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1968.

Dufoix, Stéphane. Diasporas. Translated by William Rodarmor. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2008.

Dumbrell, John. “‘Hope and History’: The US and Peace in Northern Ireland.” In A Farewell to Arms? Beyond the Good Friday Agreement, edited by Michael Cox, Adrian Guelke, and Fiona Smith, 214–22. Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press, 2000.

Dunne, Tom. Theobald Wolfe Tone, Colonial Outsider: An Analysis of His Political Philosophy. Cork: Tower, 1982.

Durey, Michael. Transatlantic Radicals and the Early American Republic. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1997.

Dwyer, T. Ryle. “American Friends of Irish Neutrality.” In Irish American Voluntary Organizations, edited by Michael F. Funchion, 34–48. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1983.

Dwyer, T. Ryle. Strained Relations: Ireland at Peace and the USA at War 1941–45. Dublin: Gill and Macmillan, 1988.

Dye, Nancy Schrom. As Equals and as Sisters: Feminism, the Labor Movement, and the Women’s Trade Union League of New York. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1980.

Eley, Geoff, and Ronald Grigor Suny. “From the Moment of Social History to the Work of Cultural Representation.” In Becoming National: A Reader, edited by Geoff Eley and Ronald Grigor Suny, 3–37. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.

Elliott, Marianne. The Catholics of Ulster: A History. New York: Basic Books, 2001.

Elliott, Marianne. “The ‘Despard Conspiracy’ Reconsidered.” Past and Present 75 (May 1977): 46–61.

Elliott, Marianne. “Ireland.” In Nationalism in the Age of the French Revolution, edited by Otto Dunn and John Dinwiddy, 71–86. London: Hambledon, 1988.

Elliott, Marianne. “Irish Republicanism in England: The First Phase, 1797–99.” In Penal Era and Golden Age: Essays in Irish History, 1690–1800, edited by Thomas Bartlett and D. W. Hayton, 204–23. Belfast: Ulster Historical Foundation, 1979.

(p.261) Elliott, Marianne. Partners in Revolution: The United Irishmen and France. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1982.

Elliott, Marianne. Robert Emmet: The Making of a Legend. London: Profile, 2003.

Elliott, Marianne. Wolfe Tone. 2nd ed. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2012.

Emmons, David M. Beyond the American Pale: Irish Outlanders and the American West, 1845–1910. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2010.

Emmons, David M. The Butte Irish: Class and Ethnicity in an American Mining Town, 1875–1925. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1989.

English, Richard. Armed Struggle: The History of the IRA. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003.

English, Richard. Irish Freedom: The History of Nationalism in Ireland. London: Macmillan, 2006.

Erie, Steven P. Rainbow’s End: Irish-Americans and the Dilemmas of Urban Machine Politics, 1840–1985. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988.

Farrell, Michael. Northern Ireland: The Orange State. 2nd rev. ed. London: Pluto, 1980.

Farrell, Sean. Rituals and Riots: Sectarian Violence and Political Culture in Ulster, 1784–1886. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 2000.

Farren, Seán. The SDLP: The Struggle for Agreement in Northern Ireland, 1970–2000. Dublin: Four Courts, 2010.

Feldberg, Michael. The Turbulent Era: Riot and Disorder in Jacksonian America. New York: Oxford University Press, 1980.

Fennell, Philip A. “History into Myth: The Catalpa’s Long Voyage.” New Hibernia Review 9, no. 1 (Spring 2005): 77–94.

Ferriter, Diarmaid. The Transformation of Ireland. Woodstock, NY: Overlook, 2005.

Fitzpatrick, David. “Emigration, 1801–70.” In A New History of Ireland. Vol. 5, Ireland under the Union I, 1801–1870, edited by W. E. Vaughan, 562–616. Oxford: Clarendon, 1989.

Fitzpatrick, David. Oceans of Consolation: Personal Accounts of Irish Migration to Australia. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1994.

Fitzpatrick, David. “‘A Peculiar Tramping People’: The Irish in Britain, 1801–70.” In A New History of Ireland, Vol. 5, Ireland under the Union I, 1801–1870, edited by W. E. Vaughan, 623–60. Oxford: Clarendon, 1989.

Fitzpatrick, David. The Two Irelands, 1912–1939. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.

Foner, Eric. “Class, Ethnicity, and Radicalism in the Gilded Age: The Land League and Irish-America.” Chapter 8 in Politics and Ideology in the Age of the Civil War. New York: Oxford University Press, 1980.

Foner, Eric. Reconstruction: America’s Unfinished Revolution, 1863–1877. New York: Harper and Row, 1988.

Foster, R. F. “‘Colliding Cultures’: Leland Lyons and the Reinterpretation of Irish History.” Chapter 3 in The Irish Story: Telling Tales and Making It Up in Ireland. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Foster, R. F. Modern Ireland, 1600–1972. New York: Penguin, 1988.

Foster, R. F. Vivid Faces: The Revolutionary Generation in Ireland, 1890–1923. New York: Norton, 2015.

Freeman, Joshua B. In Transit: The Transport Workers Union in New York City, 1933–1966. New York: Oxford University Press, 1989.

Fuglerud, Øivind. Life on the Outside: The Tamil Diaspora and Long-Distance Nationalism. London: Pluto, 1999.

Funchion, Michael F. “Clan na Gael.” In Irish American Voluntary Organizations, edited by Michael F. Funchion, 74–93. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1983.

Funchion, Michael F. “Emmet Monument Association.” In Irish American Voluntary Organizations, edited by Michael F. Funchion, 102–4. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1983.

Funchion, Michael F. “Friends of Ireland [for Catholic Emancipation].” In Irish American Voluntary Organizations, edited by Michael F. Funchion, 114–19. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1983.

Funchion, Michael F. “Repeal Associations.” In Irish American Voluntary Organizations, edited by Michael F. Funchion, 236–41. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1983.

(p.262) Gabaccia, Donna R. “Is Everywhere Nowhere? Nomads, Nations, and the Immigrant Paradigm of United States History.” Journal of American History 86, no. 3 (December 1999): 1115–34.

Gahan, Daniel. The People’s Rising: Wexford, 1798. Dublin: Gill and Macmillan, 1995.

Garvin, Tom. The Evolution of Irish Nationalist Politics. Rev. ed. Dublin: Gill and Macmillan, 2005.

Garvin, Tom. Nationalist Revolutionaries in Ireland, 1858–1928. 1st paperback ed. Dublin: Gill and Macmillan, 2005.

Garvin, Tom. 1922: The Birth of Irish Democracy. Dublin: Gill and Macmillan, 1996.

Gellman, David N. Emancipating New York: The Politics of Slavery and Freedom, 1777–1827. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2006.

Gellner, Ernest. Nations and Nationalism. 2nd ed. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2008.

Genovese, Eugene D. The World the Slaveholders Made: Two Essays in Interpretation. New York: Pantheon, 1969.

Geoghegan, Patrick M. The Irish Act of Union: A Study in High Politics, 1798–1801. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1999.

Geoghegan, Patrick M. Robert Emmet: A Life. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2002.

Gibbons, Luke. “Republicanism and Radical Memory: The O’Conors, O’Carolan and the United Irishmen.” In Revolution, Counter-Revolution and Union: Ireland in the 1790s, edited by Jim Smyth, 211–37. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.

Gibbons, Luke. Transformations in Irish Culture. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1996.

Gibney, John. The Shadow of a Year: The 1641 Rebellion in Irish History and Memory. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2013.

Gibson, Florence E. The Attitudes of the New York Irish toward State and National Affairs, 1848–1892. New York: Columbia University Press, 1951.

Gilje, Paul A. “The Development of an Irish American Community in New York City before the Great Migration.” In The New York Irish, edited by Ronald H. Bayor and Timothy J. Meagher, 70–83. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996.

Gilje, Paul A. The Road to Mobocracy: Popular Disorder in New York City, 1763–1834. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1987.

Gilley, Sheridan. “The Catholic Church and Revolution.” In The Revolution in Ireland, 1879–1923, edited by D. G. Boyce, 157–72. Houndmills, UK: Macmillan Education, 1988.

Gkotzaridis, Evi. Trials of Irish History: Genesis and Evolution of a Reappraisal, 1938–2000. London: Routledge, 2006.

Glazer, Nathan, and Daniel P. Moynihan. Beyond the Melting Pot: The Negroes, Puerto Ricans, Jews, Italians, and Irish of New York City. 2nd ed. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1970.

Gleeson, David T. The Green and the Gray: The Irish in the Confederate States of America. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2013.

Gleeson, David T. The Irish in the South, 1815–1877. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2001.

Glick Schiller, Nina, and Georges Eugene Fouron. Georges Woke Up Laughing: Long-Distance Nationalism and the Search for Home. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2001.

Göbel, Thomas. “Becoming American: Ethnic Workers and the Rise of the CIO.” Labor History 29, no. 2 (Spring 1988): 173–98.

Golway, Terry. Irish Rebel: John Devoy and America’s Fight for Ireland’s Freedom. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1998.

Goodwin, Albert. The Friends of Liberty: The English Democratic Movement in the Age of the French Revolution. London: Hutchinson, 1979.

Godson, Dean. Himself Alone: David Trimble and the Ordeal of Unionism. London: HarperCollins, 2004.

Gordon, Michael A. “The Labor Boycott in New York City, 1880–1886.” Labor History 16, no. 2 (Spring 1975): 184–229.

Gordon, Michael A. “Studies in Irish and Irish-American Thought and Behavior in Gilded Age New York City.” PhD diss., University of Rochester, 1977.

(p.263) Grabbe, Hans-Jürgen. “European Immigration to the United States in the Early National Period, 1783–1820.” Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 133, no. 2 (June 1989): 190–214.

Grace, Robert J. The Irish in Quebec: An Introduction to the Historiography. Quebec: Institut Québécois de Recherche sur la Culture, 1997.

Gray, Peter. “British Relief Measures.” In Atlas of the Great Irish Famine, edited by John Crowley, William J. Smyth, and Mike Murphy, 75–86. New York: New York University Press, 2012.

Gray, Peter. Famine, Land and Politics: British Government and Irish Society, 1843–50. Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 1999.

Green, Nancy L. “Expatriation, Expatriates, and Expats: The American Transformation of a Concept.” American Historical Review 114, no. 2 (April 2009): 307–28.

Guelke, Adrian. “Northern Ireland and the International System.” In Ireland on the World Stage, edited by William Crotty and David Schmitt, 127–39. London: Pearson, 2002.

Guglielmo, Thomas A. White on Arrival: Italians, Race, Color, and Power in Chicago, 1890–1945. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003.

Guy, Francis Shaw. Edmund Bailey O’Callaghan: A Study in American Historiography (1797–1880). Reprint ed. New York: AMS, 1974.

Gyory, Andrew. Closing the Gate: Race, Politics, and the Chinese Exclusion Act. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1998.

Handlin, Oscar. Boston’s Immigrants, 1790–1880: A Study in Acculturation. Rev. and enl. ed. New York: Atheneum, 1969.

Hanley, Brian. The IRA, 1926–1936. Dublin: Four Courts, 2002.

Hanley, Brian. “Irish Republicans in Interwar New York.” IJASonline 1 (June 2009), http://www.ijasonline.com/BRIAN-HANLEY.html, consulted February 4, 2010.

Hanley, Brian. “‘No English Enemy … Ever Stooped so Low’: Mike Quill, de Valera’s Visit to the German Legation, and Irish-American Attitudes during World War II.” Radharc 5–7 (2004–6): 245–64.

Hanley, Brian. “The Politics of Noraid.” Irish Political Studies 19, no. 1 (Summer 2004): 1–17.

Hanley, Brian, and Scott Millar. The Lost Revolution: The Story of the Official IRA and the Workers’ Party. Dublin: Penguin Ireland, 2009.

Hart, Peter. The I.R.A. and Its Enemies: Violence and Community in Cork, 1916–1923. Oxford: Clarendon, 1998.

Hart, Peter. Mick: The Real Michael Collins. New York: Viking, 2005.

Hennessey, Thomas. Hunger Strike: Margaret Thatcher’s Battle with the IRA, 1980–1981. Sallins, Ireland: Irish Academic Press, 2014.

Herlihy, Jim. Peter Golden: The Voice of Ireland. Cork: Peter Golden Commemoration Committee, 1994.

Higgins, Padhraig. A Nation of Politicians: Gender, Patriotism, and Political Culture in Late Eighteenth-Century Ireland. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2010.

Higgins, Roisín. Transforming 1916: Meaning, Memory and the Fiftieth Anniversary of the Easter Rising. Cork: Cork University Press, 2012.

Hobsbawm, E. J. The Age of Capital, 1848–1975. New York: Scribner, 1975.

Hobsbawm, E. J. Nations and Nationalism since 1780: Programme, Myth, Reality. 2nd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992.

Holland, Jack. The American Connection: U.S. Guns, Money, and Influence in Northern Ireland. 2nd ed. Boulder, CO: Roberts Rinehart, 1999.

Hopkinson, Michael. “Civil War and Aftermath, 1922–4.” In A New History of Ireland. Vol.7, Ireland, 1921–1984, edited by J. R. Hill, 31–61. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003.

Hopkinson, Michael. Green against Green: The Irish Civil War. Dublin: Gill and Macmillan, 1988.

Hopkinson, Michael. “Irish Americans and the Anglo-Irish Treaty of 1921.” In Essays Presented to Michael Roberts, edited by John Bossy and Peter Jupp, 133–45. Belfast: Blackstaff, 1976.

Hopkinson, Michael. The Irish War for Independence. Dublin: Gill and Macmillan, 2002.

(p.264) Howe, Daniel Walker. The Political Culture of the American Whigs. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1979.

Hutchinson, John. The Dynamics of Cultural Nationalism: The Gaelic Revival and the Creation of the Irish Nation State. London: Allen and Unwin, 1987.

Hutchinson, John. Modern Nationalism. London: Fontana, 1994.

Hufton, Olwen H. Women and the Limits of Citizenship in the French Revolution. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1992.

Hughes, Robert. The Fatal Shore. New York: Knopf, 1987.

Hunt, Lynn. Politics, Culture, and Class in the French Revolution. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1984.

Huthmacher, J. Joseph. “Charles Evans Hughes and Charles Francis Murphy: The Metamorphosis of Progressivism.” New York History 46, no. 1 (January 1965): 25–40.

Ignatiev, Noel. How the Irish Became White. New York: Routledge, 1995.

Iwańska, Alicja. Exiled Governments: Spanish and Polish: An Essay in Political Sociology. Cambridge, MA: Schenkman, 1981.

Jackson, Alvin. Home Rule: An Irish History, 1800–2000. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.

Jackson, Alvin. Ireland, 1798–1998: War, Peace and Beyond. 2nd ed. Chichester, UK: Wiley, 2010.

Jackson, Alvin, ed. The Oxford Handbook of Modern Irish History. New York: Oxford University Press, 2014.

Jacobson, Matthew Frye. Special Sorrows: The Diasporic Imagination of Irish, Polish, and Jewish Immigrants in the United States. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1995.

Janis, Ely M. A Greater Ireland: The Land League and Transatlantic Nationalism in Gilded Age America. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2015.

Janis, Ely M. “Petticoat Revolutionaries: Gender, Ethnic Nationalism, and the Irish Ladies’ Land League in the United States.” Journal of American Ethnic History 27, no. 2 (Winter 2008): 5–27.

Jensen, Joan M. Passage from India: Asian Indian Immigrants in North America. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1988.

Jentz, John B., and Richard Schneirov. “Chicago’s Fenian Fair: A Window into the Civil War as a Popular Awakening.” Labor’s Heritage 6, no. 3 (Winter 1995): 4–19.

Jordan, Donald E. Land and Popular Politics in Ireland: County Mayo from the Plantation to the Land War. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.

Joyce, Toby. “‘Ireland’s Trained and Marshalled Manhood’: The Fenians in the Mid-1860s.” In Gender Perspectives in Nineteenth-Century Ireland: Public and Private Spheres, edited by Margaret Kelleher and James H. Murphy, 70–80. Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 1997.

Kalliomäki, Aki. “‘The Most God-Provoking Democrats on This Side of Hell’: The United Irishmen in the United States.” PhD diss., University of California, Santa Cruz, 2005.

Kazin, Michael. Barons of Labor: The San Francisco Building Trades and Union Power in the Progressive Era. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1987.

Kealey, Gregory S., and Bryan D. Palmer. Dreaming of What Might Be: The Knights of Labor in Ontario, 1880–1900. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982.

Kee, Robert. The Green Flag: A History of Irish Nationalism. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1972.

Kelly, James. Sir Richard Musgrave, 1746–1818: Ultra-Protestant Ideologue. Dublin: Four Courts, 2009.

Kelly, Mary C. Ireland’s Great Famine in Irish-American History: Enshrining a Fateful Memory. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 2014.

Kelly, Mary C. The Shamrock and the Lily: The New York Irish and the Creation of a Transatlantic Identity, 1845–1921. New York: Lang, 2005.

Kelly, M. J. The Fenian Ideal and Irish Nationalism, 1882–1916. Woodbridge, UK: Boydell, 2006.

Kelly, M. J. “Review Article: Faith in Fraternity: New Perspectives on the Irish Republican Brotherhood.” Irish Historical Studies 35, no. 139 (May 2007): 380–84.

(p.265) Kelly, Stephen. “A Policy of Futility: Eamon de Valera’s Anti-Partition Campaign, 1948–1951.” Études Irlandaises, no. 36–2 (2011), http://etudesirlandaises.revues.org/2348, consulted December 22, 2014.

Kenny, Kevin. The American Irish: A History. Harlow, UK: Longman, 2000.

Kenny, Kevin. “American-Irish Nationalism.” In Making the Irish American: History and Heritage of the Irish in the United States, edited by J. J. Lee and Marion R. Casey, 289–301. New York: New York University Press, 2006.

Kenny, Kevin. Diaspora: A Very Short Introduction. New York: Oxford University Press, 2013.

Kenny, Kevin. “Diaspora and Comparison: The Global Irish as a Case Study.” Journal of American History 90, no. 1 (June 2003): 134–62.

Kenny, Kevin. “Twenty Years of Irish American Historiography.” Journal of American Ethnic History 28, no. 4 (Summer 2009): 67–75.

Keogh, Dermot. “De Valera, Hitler and the Visit of Condolence, May 1945.” History Ireland 5, no. 3 (Autumn 1997): 58–61.

Keogh, Dermot. Twentieth-Century Ireland: Nation and State. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1995.

Kerber, Linda K. Toward an Intellectual History of Women: Essays. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1997.

Kiberd, Declan. “Republican Self-Fashioning: The Journal of Wolfe Tone.” In Ireland Abroad: Politics and Professions in the Nineteenth Century, edited by Oonagh Walsh, 16–35. Dublin: Four Courts, 2003.

Kinealy, Christine. Daniel O’Connell and the Anti-Slavery Movement: “The Saddest People the Sun Sees.” London: Pickering and Chatto, 2011.

Kinealy, Christine. This Great Calamity: The Irish Famine, 1845–52. Dublin: Gill and Macmillan, 1994.

Kinealy, Christine. Repeal and Revolution: 1848 in Ireland. Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press, 2009.

King, Carla. Michael Davitt. Dublin: University College Dublin Press, 2009.

Kissane, Bill. The Politics of the Irish Civil War. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.

Knirck, Jason. Women of the Dáil: Gender, Republicanism and the Anglo-Irish Treaty. Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 2006.

Knobel, Dale T. Paddy and the Republic: Ethnicity and Nationality in Antebellum America. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 1986.

Kolchin, Peter. “Whiteness Studies: The New History of Race in America.” Journal of American History 89, no. 1 (June 2002): 154–73.

Komlos, John H. Louis Kossuth in America, 1851–1852. Buffalo, NY: East European Institute, 1973.

Kornblith, Gary J., and John M. Murrin. “The Dilemmas of Ruling Elites in Revolutionary America.” In Ruling America: A History of Wealth and Power in a Democracy, edited by Steve Fraser and Gary Gerstle, 27–63. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2008.

Kurlansky, Mark. 1968: The Year that Rocked the World. New York: Ballantine, 2004.

Laffan, Michael. The Resurrection of Ireland: The Sinn Féin Party, 1916–1923. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.

Larkin, Emmet. James Larkin, 1876–1947: Irish Labour Leader. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1965.

Laslett, John H. M. Labor and the Left: A Study of Socialist and Radical Influences in the American Labor Movement, 1881–1924. New York: Basic Books, 1970.

Lee, J. J. “Emigration: 1922–1998.” In The Encyclopedia of the Irish in America, edited by Michael Glazier, 263–66. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1999.

Lee, J. J. “Introduction: Interpreting Irish America.” In Making the Irish American: History and Heritage of the Irish in the United States, edited by J. J. Lee and Marion R. Casey, 1–60. New York: New York University Press, 2006.

Lee, J. J. Ireland, 1912–1985: Politics and Society. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989.

Lee, J. J. The Modernisation of Irish Society, 1848–1918. Dublin: Gill and Macmillan, 1973.

(p.266) Lee, J. J. “The Social and Economic Ideas of O’Connell.” In Daniel O’Connell: Portrait of a Radical, edited by Kevin B. Nowlan and Maurice R. O’Connell, 70–86. Belfast: Appletree, 1984.

Leinenweber, Charles. “Socialists in the Streets: The New York City Socialist Party in Working Class Neighborhoods, 1908–1918.” Science & Society 41, no. 2 (Summer 1977): 152–71.

Levenson, Leah, and Jerry H. Natterstad. Hanna Sheehy-Skeffington: Irish Feminist. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1986.

Levine, Bruce C. The Spirit of 1848: German Immigrants, Labor Conflict, and the Coming of the Civil War. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1992.

Light, Dale B. “The Role of Irish-American Organisations in Assimilation and Community Formation.” In The Irish in America: Emigration, Assimilation, and Impact, edited by P. J. Drudy, 113–41. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985.

Light, Dale B. Rome and the New Republic: Conflict and Community in Philadelphia Catholicism between the Revolution and the Civil War. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1996.

Linebaugh, Peter, and Marcus Rediker. The Many-Headed Hydra: Sailors, Slaves, Commoners, and the Hidden History of the Revolutionary Atlantic. Boston: Beacon, 2000.

Lovejoy, Paul E. “Autobiography and Memory: Gustavus Vassa, Alias Olaudah Equiano, the African.” Slavery & Abolition 27, no. 3 (December 2006): 317–47.

Lynch, Niamh. “Defining Irish Nationalist Anti-Imperialism: Thomas Davis and John Mitchel.” Éire-Ireland 42, nos. 1–2 (Spring–Summer 2007): 82–107.

Lynch, Timothy J. Turf War: The Clinton Administration and Northern Ireland. Aldershot, UK: Ashgate, 2004.

Lyons, F. S. L. The Irish Parliamentary Party, 1890–1910. London: Faber and Faber, 1951.

Lyons, F. S. L. John Dillon: A Biography. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1968.

Lyons, Martyn. France under the Directory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1975.

MacAtasney, Gerard. Tom Clarke: Life, Liberty, Revolution. Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 2013.

McBride, Ian. Eighteenth-Century Ireland: The Isle of Slaves. Dublin: Gill and Macmillan, 2009.

McBride, Ian. “The Nation in the Age of Revolution.” In Power and the Nation in European History, edited by Len Scales and Oliver Zimmer, 248–71. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.

McBride, Ian. “Review Article: Reclaiming the Rebellion: 1798 in 1998.” Irish Historical Studies 31, no. 123 (May 1999): 395–410.

McCaffrey, Lawrence J. Daniel O’Connell and the Repeal Year. Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 1966.

McCaffrey, Lawrence J. The Irish Catholic Diaspora in America. Rev. ed. Washington, DC: Catholic University Press of America, 1997.

McCarthy, John P. “The Friends of Irish Freedom and the Founding of the Irish Free State.” Recorder 6, no. 2 (Fall 1993): 116–28.

McCartney, Donal. “Parnell and the American Connection.” In The Ivy Leaf: The Parnells Remembered, edited by Donal McCartney and Pauric Travers, 38–55. Dublin: University College Dublin Press, 2006.

McConnel, James. The Irish Parliamentary Party and the Third Home Rule Crisis. Dublin: Four Courts, 2013.

McCoy, Drew R. The Elusive Republic: Political Economy in Jeffersonian America. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1980.

McDaniel, W. Caleb. The Problem of Democracy in the Age of Slavery: Garrisonian Abolitionists and Transatlantic Reform. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2013.

McDowell, R. B. Grattan: A Life. Dublin: Lilliput, 2001.

McDowell, R. B. Ireland in the Age of Imperialism and Revolution, 1760–1801. New York: Oxford University Press, 1979.

McEvoy, Frederick J. “Canadian Catholic Press Reaction to the Irish Crisis, 1916–1921.” In Irish Nationalism in Canada, edited by David A. Wilson, 121–39. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2009.

(p.267) McKittrick, David, Seamus Kelters, Brian Feeney, and Chris Thornton. Lost Lives: The Stories of the Men, Women and Children Who Died as a Result of the Northern Ireland Troubles. Updated ed. Edinburgh: Mainstream, 2007.

McKittrick, David, and David McVea. Making Sense of the Troubles: The Story of the Conflict in Northern Ireland. Revised and updated ed. London: Viking, 2012.

McKivigan. John. Forgotten Firebrand: James Redpath and the Making of Nineteenth-Century America. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2008.

MacDonagh, Oliver. The Emancipist: Daniel O’Connell, 1830–47. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1989.

MacDonagh, Oliver. The Hereditary Bondsman: Daniel O’Connell, 1775–1829. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1988.

McFarland, E. W. Ireland and Scotland in the Age of Revolution: Planting the Green Bough. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1994.

McGarry, Fearghal. The Rising: Ireland—Easter 1916. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010.

McGarry, Fearghal, and James McConnel, eds. The Black Hand of Republicanism: Fenianism in Modern Ireland. Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 2009.

McGee, Owen. The IRB: The Irish Republican Brotherhood, from the Land League to Sinn Féin. Dublin: Four Courts, 2005.

McGovern, Bryan P. John Mitchel: Irish Nationalist, Southern Secessionist. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2009.

McGreevy, John T. Catholicism and American Freedom: A History. New York: Norton, 2003.

McGurrin, James. Bourke Cockran: A Free Lance in American Politics. New York: Scribner’s, 1948.

McKillen, Elizabeth. Chicago Labor and the Quest for a Democratic Diplomacy, 1914–1924. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1995.

McMahon, Cian T. The Global Dimensions of Irish Identity: Race, Nation, and the Popular Press, 1840–1880. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2015.

McMahon, Timothy G. Grand Opportunity: The Gaelic Revival and Irish Society, 1893–1910. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 2008.

MacMillan, Margaret. Paris 1919: Six Months That Changed the World. New York: Random House, 2002.

McNamara, Kevin. The MacBride Principles: Irish America Strikes Back. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2009.

McNickle, Chris. The Power of the Mayor: David Dinkins, 1990–1993. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction, 2013.

MacRaild, Donald M. “The Orange Atlantic.” In The Irish in the Atlantic World, edited by David T. Gleeson, 307–26. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 2010.

Mac Suibhne, Breandán. “Whiskey, Potatoes and Paddies: Volunteering and the Construction of the Irish Nation in Northwest Ulster, 1778–1782.” In Crowds in Ireland, c. 1720–1920, edited by Peter Jupp and Eoin Magennis, 45–82. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2000.

Malcomson, A. P. W. John Foster (1740–1828): The Politics of Improvement and Prosperity. Dublin: Four Courts, 2011.

Mallie, Eamonn, and David McKittrick. Endgame in Ireland. London: Hodder and Stoughton, 2001.

Mandle, W. F. The Gaelic Athletic Association and Irish Nationalist Politics, 1884–1924. Dublin: Gill and Macmillan, 1987.

Manning, Helen Taft. The Revolt of French Canada, 1800–1835: A Chapter of the History of the British Commonwealth. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1962.

Marley, Laurence. Michael Davitt: Freelance Radical and Frondeur. Dublin: Four Courts, 2007.

Marston, Sallie A. “Public Rituals and Community Power: St. Patrick’s Day Parades in Lowell, Massachusetts, 1841–1874.” Political Geography Quarterly 8, no. 3 (July 1989): 255–69.

Maume, Patrick. The Long Gestation: Irish Nationalist Life, 1891–1918. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2000.

Maynard, Douglas H. “The World’s Anti-Slavery Convention of 1840.” Mississippi Valley Historical Review 47, no. 3 (December 1960): 452–71.

(p.268) Meagher, Timothy J. The Columbia Guide to Irish American History. New York: Columbia University Press, 2005.

Meagher, Timothy J. Inventing Irish America: Generation, Class, and Ethnic Identity in a New England City, 1880–1928. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 2001.

Meleady, Dermot. Redmond: The Parnellite. Cork: Cork University Press, 2008.

Miller, David W. “The Armagh Troubles, 1784–95.” In Irish Peasants: Violence and Political Unrest, 1780–1914, edited by Samuel Clark and James S. Donnelly, 155–91. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1983.

Miller, Kerby A. Emigrants and Exiles: Ireland the Irish Exodus to North America. New York: Oxford University Press, 1985.

Miller, Kerby A. Ireland and Irish America: Culture, Class, and Transatlantic Migration. Dublin: Field Day, 2008.

Miller, Kerby A., Arnold Schrier, Bruce D. Bolling, and David N. Doyle. Irish Immigrants in the Land of Canaan: Letters and Memoirs from Colonial and Revolutionary America, 1675–1815. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003.

Mitchell, Brian C. The Paddy Camps: The Irish of Lowell, 1821–61. Urbana: University of Illinois, 1988.

Mitchell, Martin J. The Irish in the West of Scotland, 1797–1848: Trade Unions, Strikes and Political Movements. Edinburgh: Donald, 1998.

Montgomery, David. Beyond Equality: Labor and the Radical Republicans, 1862–1872. New York: Knopf, 1967.

Montgomery, David. The Fall of the House of Labor: The Workplace, the State, and American Labor Activism, 1865–1925. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1987.

Montgomery, David. “Labor Movement.” In The Encyclopedia of the Irish in America, edited by Michael Glazier, 525–31. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1999.

Montgomery, David. “The Shuttle and the Cross: Weavers and Artisans in the Kensington Riots of 1844.” Journal of Social History 5, no. 4 (Summer 1972): 411–46.

Moody, T. W. Davitt and Irish Revolution, 1846–82. Oxford: Clarendon, 1981.

Moody, T. W., ed. The Fenian Movement. Cork: Mercier, 1968.

Moody, T. W. “The New Departure in Irish Politics, 1878–9.” In Essays in British and Irish History in Honour of James Eadre Todd, edited by H. A. Cronne, T. W. Moody, and D. B. Quinn, 303–33. London: Muller, 1949.

Moran, Seán Farrell. Patrick Pearse and the Politics of Redemption: The Mind of the Easter Rising, 1916. Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press, 1994.

Morgan, Austen. James Connolly: A Political Biography. Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press, 1988.

Moriarty, Thomas F. “The Irish American Response to Catholic Emancipation.” Catholic Historical Review 66, no. 3(July 1980): 353–73.

Morley, Vincent. Irish Opinion and the American Revolution, 1760–1783. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002.

Murphy, Angela. American Slavery, Irish Freedom: Abolition, Immigrant Citizenship, and the Transatlantic Movement for Irish Repeal. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2010.

Murphy, Angela. “Daniel O’Connell and the ‘American Eagle’ in 1845: Slavery, Diplomacy, Nativism, and the Collapse of America’s First Irish Nationalist Movement.” Journal of American Ethnic History 26, no. 2 (Winter 2007): 3–26.

Murphy, Cliona. The Women’s Suffrage Movement and Irish Society in the Early Twentieth Century. New York: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1989.

Murphy, David. Ireland and the Crimean War. Dublin: Four Courts, 2002.

Murphy, John A. “The Influence of America on Irish Nationalism.” In America and Ireland, 1776–1976: The American Identity and the Irish Connection, edited by David Noel Doyle and Owen Dudley Edwards, 105–15. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1980.

Murphy, John. Ireland in the Twentieth Century. Dublin: Gill and Macmillan, 1975.

(p.269) Murphy, Richard C., and Lawrence J. Mannion. The History of the Society of the Friendly Sons of Saint Patrick in the City of New York, 1784 to 1955. New York: Dillon, 1962.

Murray, Damien. “Ethnic Identities and Diasporic Sensibilities: Transnational Irish American Nationalism in Boston after World War I.” Éire-Ireland 46, nos. 3–4 (Fall–Winter 2011): 102–31.

Murtagh, Harman. “General Humbert’s Futile Campaign.” In 1798: A Bicentenary Perspective, edited by Thomas Bartlett, David Dickson, Dáire Keogh, and Kevin Whelan, 174–87. Dublin: Four Courts, 2003.

Nash, Gary B. “Poverty and Politics in Early American History.” In Down and Out in Early America, edited by Billy G. Smith, 1–37. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2004.

Nash, Gary B., and Jean R. Soderlund. Freedom by Degrees: Emancipation in Pennsylvania and Its Aftermath. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.

Nelson, Bruce. Irish Nationalists and the Making of the Irish Race. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2012.

Nelson, John R. Liberty and Property: Political Economy and Policymaking in the New Nation, 1789–1812. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1987.

Nesbitt, Francis Njubi. Race for Sanctions: African Americans against Apartheid, 1946–1994. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2004.

Newsinger, John. Fenianism in Mid-Victorian Britain. London: Pluto, 1994.

Newsinger, John. “Fenianism Revisited: Pastime or Revolutionary Movement?” Saothar 17 (1992): 46–52.

Ní Bhroiméil, Úna. Building Irish Identity in America, 1870–1915: The Gaelic Revival. Dublin: Four Courts, 2003.

Nowlan, Kevin B. “O’Connell and Irish Nationalism.” In Daniel O’Connell: Portrait of a Radical, edited by Kevin B. Nowlan and Maurice R. O’Connell, 9–18. Belfast: Appletree, 1984.

Nowlan, Kevin B. The Politics of Repeal: A Study in the Relations between Great Britain and Ireland, 1841–50. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1965.

Novak, Rose. “Ellen O’Leary: A Bold Fenian Poet.” Éire-Ireland 43, nos. 3–4 (Fall–Winter 2008): 59–84.

Ngai, Mae M. “Immigration and Ethnic History.” In American History Now, edited by Eric Foner and Lisa McGirr, 358–75. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2011.

O’Brien, Gillian. Blood Runs Green: The Murder That Transfixed Gilded Age Chicago. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2015.

O’Brien, Gillian. “Spirit, Impartiality and Independence: The Northern Star, 1792–97.” Eighteenth-Century Ireland 13 (1998): 7–23.

O’Brien, Mark. De Valera, Fianna Fáil and the Irish Press. Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 2001.

Ó Broin, Leon. Revolutionary Underground: The Story of the Irish Republican Brotherhood, 1858–1924. Dublin: Gill and Macmillan, 1976.

O’Callaghan, Margaret. “‘From Casement Park to Toomebridge’: The Commemoration of the Easter Rising in Northern Ireland in 1966.” In 1916 in 1966: Commemorating the Easter Rising, edited by Mary E. Daly and Margaret O’Callaghan, 86–147. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy, 2007.

O’Callaghan, Margaret. “‘With the Eyes of Another Race, of People Once Hunted Themselves’: Casement, Colonialism and a Remembered Past.” In Ireland in Transition, 1867–1921, edited by D. George Boyce and Alan O’Day, 159–75. London: Routledge, 2004.

O’Connell, Maurice R. “O’Connell, Young Ireland, and Negro Slavery: An Exercise in Romantic Nationalism.” Thought: A Review of Culture and Idea 64, no. 253 (June 1989): 130–36.

O’Day, Alan. Charles Stewart Parnell. Dundalk, Ireland: University College Dublin Press, 2012.

O’Day, Alan. “Imagined Irish Communities: Networks of Social Communication of the Irish Diaspora in the United States and Britain in the Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries.” Immigrants & Minorities 23, nos. 2–3 (July–November 2005): 399–424.

O’Day, Alan. “Irish Diaspora Politics in Perspective: The United Irish Leagues of Great Britain and America, 1900–14.” In The Great Famine and Beyond: Irish Migrants in Britain in the (p.270) Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries, edited by Donald M. MacRaild, 214–39. Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 2000.

O’Day, Alan. “Irish Nationalism and Anglo-American Relations in the Later Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries.” In Anglo-American Attitudes: From Revolution to Partnership, edited by Fred M. Leventhal and Roland Quinault, 168–94. Aldershot, UK: Ashgate, 2000.

Ó Dochartaigh, Niall. From Civil Rights to Armalites: Derry and the Birth of the Irish Troubles. Cork: Cork University Press, 1997.

Ó Dochartaigh, Niall. “‘Sure It’s Hard to Keep Up with the Splits Here’: Irish-American Responses to the Outbreak of Conflict in Northern Ireland, 1968–1974.” Irish Political Studies 10, no. 1 (1995): 138–60.

O’Donnell, Edward T. Henry George and the Crisis of Inequality: Progress and Poverty in the Gilded Age. New York: Columbia University Press, 2015.

O’Donnell, Edward T. “‘Though Not an Irishman’: Henry George and the American Irish.” American Journal of Economics and Sociology 56, no. 4 (October 1997): 407–19.

O’Donnell, Ruán. “The IRA and America during the ‘Border Campaign’ (1956–62).” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Conference for Irish Studies, New York, April 2007.

O’Donnell, Ruán. “‘Liberty or Death’: The United Irishmen in New South Wales, 1800–4.” In 1798: A Bicentenary Perspective, edited by Thomas Bartlett, David Dickson, Dáire Keogh, and Kevin Whelan, 607–19. Dublin: Four Courts, 2003.

O’Dowd, Mary. “O’Connell and the Lady Patriots: Women and O’Connellite Politics, 1824–1850.” In Politics and Political Culture in Britain and Ireland, 1750–1850: Essays in Tribute to Peter Jupp, edited by Allan Blackstock and Eoin Magennis, 283–304. Belfast: Ulster Historical Foundation, 2007.

O’Dowd, Mary. “The Women in the Gallery: Women and Politics in Late Eighteenth-Century Ireland.” In From the United Irishmen to Twentieth Century Unionism: A Festschrift for A. T. Q. Stewart, edited by Sabine Wichert, 35–47. Dublin: Four Courts, 2004.

O’Dowd, Niall. “The Awakening: Irish-America’s Key Role in the Irish Peace Process.” In The Long Road to Peace in Northern Ireland: Peace Lectures from the Institute of Irish Studies at Liverpool University, edited by Marianne Elliott, 64–74. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2002.

O’Farrell, Patrick. The Irish in Australia, 1788 to the Present. 3rd ed. Notre Dame, IN: Notre Dame University Press, 2001.

O’Farrell, Patrick. “The Irish in Australia and New Zealand, 1791–1870.” In A New History of Ireland. Vol. 5, Ireland under the Union I, 1801–1870, edited by W. E. Vaughan, 661–81. Oxford: Clarendon, 1989.

O’Ferrall, Fergus. Catholic Emancipation: Daniel O’Connell and the Birth of Irish Democracy, 1820–1830. Dublin: Gill and Macmillan, 1985.

Ó Gráda, Cormac. Black ‘47 and Beyond: The Great Irish Famine in History, Economy, and Memory. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1999.

Ó Gráda, Cormac. “Fenianism and Socialism: The Career of Joseph Patrick McDonnell.” Saothar 1 (1975): 31–41.

O’Leary, Brendan, and John McGarry. The Politics of Antagonism: Understanding Northern Ireland. 2nd ed. London: Athlone, 1996.

O’Malley, Kate. Ireland, India and Empire: Indo-Irish Radical Connections, 1919–64. Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press, 2008.

Osofsky, Gilbert. “Abolitionists, Irish Immigrants and the Dilemmas of Romantic Nationalism.” American Historical Review 80, no. 4 (October 1975): 889–912.

O’Toole, James M. The Faithful: A History of Catholics in America. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2008.

Owens, Gary. “Nationalism without Words: Symbolism and Ritual Behavior in the Repeal ‘Monster Meetings’ of 1843–45.” In Irish Popular Culture, 1650–1850, edited by J. S. Donnelly Jr. and Kerby A. Miller, 242–69. Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 1998.

(p.271) Painter, Nell Irvin. “Black Workers from Reconstruction to the Depression.” In Working for Democracy: American Workers from the Revolution to the Present, edited by Paul Buhle and Alan Dawley, 63–72. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1985.

Pašeta, Senia. Irish Nationalist Women, 1900–1918. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2013.

Pasley, Jeffrey L. “The Tyranny of Printers”: Newspaper Politics in the Early American Republic. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 2001.

Peskin, Lawrence A. Manufacturing Revolution: The Intellectual Origins of Early American Industry. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003.

Phelan, Craig. Grand Master Workman: Terence Powderly and the Knights of Labor. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 2000.

Phillips, Kim T. “William Duane, Philadelphia’s Democratic Republicans, and the Origins of Modern Politics.” Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 101, no. 33 (July 1977): 365–87.

Phillips, Kim T. “William Duane, Revolutionary Editor.” PhD diss., University of California, Berkeley, 1968.

Potter, George W. To the Golden Door: The Story of the Irish in Ireland and America. Boston: Little, Brown, 1960.

Powers, Vincent Edward. “Invisible Immigrants”: The Pre-Famine Irish Community in Worcester, Massachusetts, from 1826 to 1860. New York: Garland, 1989.

Prince, Simon, and Geoffrey Warner. Belfast and Derry in Revolt: A New History of the Start of the Troubles. Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 2011.

Purdie, Bob. Politics in the Streets: The Origins of the Civil Rights Movement in Northern Ireland. Belfast: Blackstaff, 1990.

Quinn, James. John Mitchel. Dublin: University College Dublin Press, 2008.

Quinn, James. “John Mitchel and the Rejection of the Nineteenth Century.” Eire-Ireland 38, nos. 3–4 (Fall–Winter 2003): 90–108.

Quinn, James. “Review Article: Theobald Wolfe Tone and the Historians.” Irish Historical Studies 32, no. 125 (May 2000): 113–28.

Quinn, James. Soul on Fire: A Life of Thomas Russell. Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 2002.

Quinn, James. “The United Irishmen and Social Reform.” Irish Historical Studies 31, no. 122 (November 1998): 188–201.

Quinn, John F. “The Rise and Fall of Repeal: Slavery and Irish Nationalism in Antebellum Philadelphia.” Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 130, no. 1 (January 2006): 45–78.

Rafferty, Oliver P. The Church, the State and the Fenian Threat, 1861–75. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1999.

Ramón, Marta. A Provisional Dictator: James Stephens and the Fenian Movement. Dublin: University College Dublin Press, 2007.

Reeve, Carl, and Ann Barton Reeve. James Connolly and the United States: The Road to the 1916 Irish Rebellion. Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Humanities, 1978.

Regan, John M. The Irish Counter-Revolution, 1921–1936: Treatyite Politics and Settlement in Independent Ireland. Dublin: Gill and Macmillan, 1999.

Regan, John M. “Michael Collins, General Commanding-in-Chief, as a Historiographical Problem.” History 92, no. 307 (July 2007): 318–46.

Regan, John M. “Southern Irish Nationalism as a Historical Problem.” Historical Journal 50, no. 1 (March 2007): 197–223.

Reid, B. L. The Man from New York: John Quinn and His Friends. New York: Oxford University Press, 1968.

Riach, Douglas C. “Daniel O’Connell and American Anti-Slavery.” Irish Historical Studies 20, no. 77 (March 1976): 3–25.

Riall, Lucy. Garibaldi: Invention of a Hero. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2007.

Roberts, Timothy Mason. Distant Revolutions: 1848 and the Challenge to American Exceptionalism. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2009.

(p.272) Robinson, Archie. George Meany and His Times: A Biography. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1981.

Robinson, Thomas P. “The Life of Thomas Addis Emmet.” PhD diss., New York University, 1955.

Rodechko, James P. “An Irish-American Journalist and Catholicism: Patrick Ford of the Irish World.” Church History 39, no. 4 (December 1970): 524–40.

Rodechko, James P. Patrick Ford and His Search for America: A Case Study of Irish-American Journalism, 1870–1913. New York: Arno, 1976.

Rodgers, Nini. “Equiano in Belfast: A Study of the Anti-Slavery Ethos in a Northern Town.” Slavery & Abolition 18, no. 2 (August 1997): 73–89.

Rodgers, Nini. Ireland, Slavery and Anti-Slavery: 1612–1865. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.

Rodgers, Nini. “Richard Robert Madden: An Anti-Slavery Activist in the Americas.”In Ireland Abroad: Politics and Professions in the Nineteenth Century, edited by Oonagh Walsh, 119–31. Dublin: Four Courts, 2003.

Roediger, David R. The Wages of Whiteness: Race and the Making of the American Working Class. London: Verso, 1991.

Royle, Trevor. Crimea: The Great Crimean War, 1854–1856. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2000.

Ryan, Desmond. The Fenian Chief: A Biography of James Stephens. Coral Gables, FL: University of Miami Press, 1967.

Salyer, Lucy. “Crossing Borders: Fenians and the Expatriation Crisis of the 1860s.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Law and Society Association, Montreal, May 2008.

Samito, Christian G. Becoming American under Fire: Irish Americans, African Americans, and the Politics of Citizenship during the Civil War Era. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2009.

Sammon, Peter J. “The History of the Irish National Federation of America.” MA thesis, Catholic University of America, 1951.

Sarbaugh, Timothy J. “American Recognition and Eamon de Valera: The Heyday of Irish Republicanism in California, 1920–1922.” Southern California Quarterly 69, no. 2 (Summer 1987): 133–50.

Sarbaugh, Timothy J. “Éamon de Valéra and the Irish Press in California, 1928–1931.” Éire-Ireland 20, no. 4 (Winter 1985): 15–22.

Savage, Robert J. A Loss of Innocence? Television and Irish Society, 1960–72. Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press, 2010.

Saxton, Alexander. The Indispensable Enemy: Labor and the Anti-Chinese Movement in California. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1971.

Schatz, Ronald W. “American Labor and the Catholic Church, 1919–1950.” International Labor and Working Class History 20 (Fall 1981): 46–53.

Schatz, Ronald W. “Phillip Murray and the Subordination of the Industrial Unions to the United States Government.” In Labor Leaders in America, edited by Melvyn Dubofsky and Warren van Tine, 234–57. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1987.

Schneirov, Richard. Labor and Urban Politics: Class Conflict and the Origins of Modern Liberalism in Chicago, 1864–97. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1998.

Schultz, Ronald. The Republic of Labor: Philadelphia Artisans and the Politics of Class, 1720–1830. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.

Senior, Hereward. The Last Invasion of Canada: The Fenian Raids, 1866–1870. Toronto: Dundurn, 1991.

Shain, Yossi. Marketing the American Creed Abroad: Diasporas in the U.S. and Their Homelands. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1999.

Shankman, Andrew. “Neither Infinite Wretchedness nor Positive Good: Mathew Carey and Henry Clay on Political Economy and Slavery during the Long 1820s.” In Contesting Slavery: The Politics of Bondage and Freedom in the New American Nation, edited by John Craig Hammond and Matthew Mason, 247–66. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2011.

Sharrow, Walter G. “John Hughes and a Catholic Response to Slavery in Antebellum America.” Journal of Negro History 57, no. 3 (July 1972): 254–69.

Shiels, Damian. The Irish in the American Civil War. Dublin: History Press Ireland, 2013.

(p.273) Shumsky, Neil L. The Evolution of Political Protest and the Workingmen’s Party of California. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1991.

Silvestri, Michael. Ireland and India: Nationalism, Empire and Memory. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009.

Sim, David. A Union Forever: The Irish Question and U.S. Foreign Relations in the Victorian Age. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2013.

Skrbîs, Zlatko. Long-Distance Nationalism: Diasporas, Homelands and Identities. Aldershot, UK: Ashgate, 1999.

Slotkin, Richard. The Fatal Environment: The Myth of the Frontier in the Age of Industrialization, 1800–1890. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1998.

Smith, Anthony D. Nationalism:Theory, Ideology, History. 2nd ed. Cambridge: Polity, 2010.

Smith, David J., and Gerald Chambers. Inequality in Northern Ireland. Oxford: Clarendon, 1991.

Smyth, James. “Dublin’s Political Underground in the 1790s.” In Parliament, Politics, and People: Essays in Eighteenth-Century Irish History, edited by Gerard O’Brien, 129–48. Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 1989.

Smyth, James. “Interpreting the 1790s.” History Ireland 6, no. 2 (Summer 1998): 54–58.

Smyth, James. The Men of No Property: Irish Radicals and Popular Politics in the Late Eighteenth Century. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1992.

Snay, Mitchell. Fenians, Freedmen, and Southern Whites: Race and Nationality in the Era of Reconstruction. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2007.

Snay, Mitchell. Horace Greeley and the Politics of Reform in Nineteenth-Century America. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 2011.

Speek, Peter A. The Singletax and the Labor Movement. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1917.

St. Mark, J. J. “Matilda and William Tone in New York and Washington after 1798.” Éire-Ireland 22, no. 4 (Winter 1987): 4–10.

Stearns, Peter N. Globalization in World History. New York: Routledge, 2010.

Stedman Jones, Gareth. Languages of Class: Studies in English Working Class History, 1932–1982. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983.

Steward, Patrick, and Bryan P. McGovern. The Fenians: Irish Rebellion in the North Atlantic World, 1858–1876. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2013.

Stewart, A. T. Q. The Summer Soldiers: The 1798 Rebellion in Antrim and Down. Belfast: Blackstaff, 1995.

Stewart, James Brewer. Holy Warriors: The Abolitionists and American Slavery. Rev. ed. New York: Hill and Wang, 1996.

Tansill, Charles Callan. America and the Fight for Irish Freedom, 1866–1922: An Old Story Based upon New Data. New York: Devin-Adair, 1957.

Taylor, Alan. The Civil War of 1812: American Citizens, British Subject, Irish Rebels, and Indian Allies. New York: Knopf, 2010.

Taylor, Peter. Behind the Mask: The IRA and Sinn Fein. New York: TV Books, 1999.

Thomas, John L. Alternative America: Henry George, Edward Bellamy, Henry Demarest Lloyd and the Adversary Tradition. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1983.

Thompson, Dorothy. The Chartists: Popular Politics in the Industrial Revolution. New York: Pantheon, 1984.

Thompson, Dorothy. Outsiders: Class, Gender, and Nation. London: Verso, 1993.

Thompson, E. P. The Making of the English Working Class. New York: Vintage, 1966.

Thompson, J. Phillip. Double Trouble: Black Mayors, Black Communities, and the Call for a Deep Democracy. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006.

Thompson, Joseph E. American Policy and Northern Ireland: A Saga of Peacebuilding. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2001.

Thuente, Mary Helen. The Harp Re-strung: The United Irishmen and the Rise of Irish Literary Nationalism. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1994.

Tierney, Moira, director. Matilda Tone. 16mm film. 2005.

(p.274) Toner, Peter. “Fanatic Heart of the North.” In Irish Nationalism in Canada, edited by David A. Wilson, 34–51. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2009.

Toner, Peter. “The ‘Green Ghost’: Canada’s Fenians and the Raids.” Eíre-Ireland 16, no. 4 (Winter 1981): 27–47.

Tonge, Jonathan. Northern Ireland: Conflict and Change. 2nd ed. Harlow, UK: Longman, 2002.

Townshend, Charles. Easter 1916: The Irish Rebellion. London: Allen Lane, 2005.

Townshend, Charles. Political Violence in Ireland: Government and Resistance since 1848. New York: Oxford University Press, 1983.

Townshend, Charles. The Republic: The Fight for Irish Independence, 1918–1923. London: Allen Lane, 2013.

Treble, J. H. “O’Connor, O’Connell and the Attitudes of Irish Immigrants Towards Chartism in the North of England, 1838–48.” In The Victorians and Social Protest: A Symposium, edited by John Butt and I. F. Clarke, 33–70. Hamden, CT: Archon, 1973.

Twomey, Richard J. Jacobins and Jeffersonians: Anglo-American Radicalism in the United States, 1790–1820. New York: Garland, 1989.

United States. Historical Statistics of the United States, Colonial Times to 1970. Washington: US Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, 1975.

Ural, Susannah J. The Harp and the Eagle: Irish-American Volunteers and the Union Army, 1861–1865. New York: New York University Press, 2006.

Waldinger, Roger. “Immigrant ‘Transnationalism’ and the Presence of the Past.” In From Arrival to Incorporation: Migrants to the U.S. in a Global Era, edited by Elliott R. Barkan, Hasia Diner, and Alan M. Kraut, 267–85. New York: New York University Press, 2008.

Walkowitz, Daniel J. Worker City, Company Town: Iron and Cotton-Worker Protest in Troy and Cohoes, New York, 1855–84. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1978.

Wallace, W. Jason. Catholics, Slaveholders, and the Dilemma of American Evangelicalism, 1835–1860. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 2010.

Walsh, Victor A. “‘A Fanatic Heart’: The Cause of Irish-American Nationalism in Pittsburgh during the Gilded Age.” Journal of Social History 15, no. 2 (Winter 1981): 187–204.

Walsh, Walter J. “Religion, Ethnicity, and History: Clues to the Cultural Construction of Law.” In The New York Irish, edited by Ronald H. Bayor and Timothy J. Meagher, 48–69. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996.

Ward, Alan J. The Easter Rising: Revolution and Irish Nationalism. 2nd ed. Wheeling, IL: Harlan Davidson, 2003.

Ward, Alan J. Ireland and Anglo-American Relations, 1899–1921. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1969.

Ward, Margaret. Hanna Sheehy Skeffington: A Life. Dublin: Attic, 1997.

Ward, Margaret. Unmanageable Revolutionaries: Women and Irish Nationalism. Reprint ed. London: Pluto, 1995.

Weber, Paul. On the Road to Rebellion: The United Irishmen and Hamburg, 1796–1803. Dublin: Four Courts, 1997.

Wells, Roger. Insurrection: The British Experience, 1795–1803. Gloucester, UK: Sutton, 1983.

Whelan, Kevin. Fellowship of Freedom: The United Irishmen and 1798. Cork: Cork University Press, 1998.

Whelan, Kevin. “The Green Atlantic: Radical Reciprocities between Ireland and America in the Long Eighteenth Century.” In A New Imperial History: Culture, Identity, and Modernity in Britain and the Empire, 1660–1840, edited by Kathleen Wilson, 216–38. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004.

Whelan, Kevin. “Reinterpreting the 1798 Rebellion in County Wexford.” In The Mighty Wave: The 1798 Rebellion in Wexford, edited by Dáire Keogh and Nicholas Furlong, 9–36. Dublin: Four Courts, 1996.

Whelan, Kevin. “The Revisionist Debate in Ireland.” boundary 2 31, no. 1 (Spring 2004): 179–205.

Whelan, Kevin. The Tree of Liberty: Radicalism, Catholicism and the Construction of Irish Identity, 1760–1830. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1996.

(p.275) Whelehan, Niall. The Dynamiters: Irish Nationalism and Political Violence in the Wider World, 1867–1900. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012.

Whelehan, Niall, ed. Transnational Perspectives on Modern Irish History. New York: Routledge, 2015.

Whitaker, Anne-Maree. Unfinished Revolution: United Irishmen in New South Wales, 1800–1810. Sydney: Crossing Press, 1994.

Whyte, John Henry. Interpreting Northern Ireland. Oxford: Clarendon, 1990.

Wiener, Jon. Gimme Some Truth: The John Lennon FBI Files. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999.

Wilentz, Sean. Chants Democratic: New York City and the Rise of the American Working Class, 1788–1850. New York: Oxford University Press, 1984.

Wilentz, Sean. The Rise of American Democracy: Jefferson to Lincoln. New York: Norton, 2005.

Wilson, Andrew J. Irish America and the Ulster Conflict, 1968–1995. Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press, 1995.

Wilson, David A. The Irish in Canada. Ottawa: Canadian Historical Association, 1989.

Wilson, David A. Thomas D’Arcy McGee. 2 vols. Montréal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2008–11.

Wilson, David A. “The United Irishmen and the Re-invention of Irish America.” In 1798: A Bicentenary Perspective, edited by Thomas Bartlett, David Dickson, Dáire Keogh, and Kevin Whelan, 634–41. Dublin: Four Courts, 2003.

Wilson, David A. United Irishmen, United States: Immigrant Radicals in the Early Republic. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1998.

Wilson, Tom. Ulster: Conflict and Consent. Oxford, UK: Blackwell, 1989.

Williams, Robert C. Horace Greeley: Champion of American Freedom. New York: New York University Press, 2006.

Wood, Gordon S. Empire of Liberty: A History of the Early Republic, 1789–1815. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009.

Woods, C. J. “Historical Revision: Was O’Connell a United Irishman?” Irish Historical Studies 35, No. 138 (November 2006): 173–83.

Woods, C. J. “R. R. Madden, Historian of the United Irishmen.” In 1798: A Bicentenary Perspective, edited by Thomas Bartlett, David Dickson, Dáire Keogh, and Kevin Whelan, 497–511. Dublin: Four Courts, 2003.

Wright, Frank. Northern Ireland: A Comparative Analysis. Dublin: Gill and Macmillan, 1987.

Young, Robert J. C. Postcolonialism: An Historical Introduction. Oxford: Blackwell, 2001.

Zagarri, Rosemarie. Revolutionary Backlash: Women and Politics in the Early American Republic. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2007.

Zieger, Robert H. “George Meany: Labor’s Organization Man.” In Labor Leaders in America, edited by Melvyn Dubofsky and Warren van Tine, 324–49. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1987. (p.276)