Interventions, Causal Effects, and Causal Relevance
This chapter presents and explicates several concepts—namely, those listed in the chapter title—concerning causality and probability that play a fundamental role in the treatment of extrapolation in heterogeneous populations developed in the remainder of the book. Although the concepts of intervention and causal effect are mostly borrowed from other authors, an original definition of positive and negative relevance for examples involving quantitative variables is provided.
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