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Islam and Liberal CitizenshipThe Search for an Overlapping Consensus$
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Andrew F. March

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195330960

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195330960.001.0001

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Solidarity with Non-Muslims

Solidarity with Non-Muslims

(p.237) 8 Solidarity with Non-Muslims
Islam and Liberal Citizenship

Andrew F. March (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Solidarity is defined as the willingness to form common social, economic, and civic goals with non-Muslims and to participate in a political system not based on Islamic justice or Islamic public justification. The chapter shows that even illiberal Islamic thinkers justify substantive contributions to non-Muslim welfare and that there are traditions of thinking of welfare and well-being in both Islam-specific metaphysical terms and in universal secular terms. Political participation is treated as a “wedge issue” between the concepts of citizenship and justice. The Biblical-Qur’anic story of Joseph (Yusuf), the Islamic legal concept of “public interest” (maslaha) and the religious neutrality of liberal states all feature as justifications of political participation in non-Muslim states.

Keywords:   solidarity, welfare, metaphysics, secularism, political participation, maslaha, neutrality

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