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Islam and Liberal CitizenshipThe Search for an Overlapping Consensus$
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Andrew F. March

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195330960

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195330960.001.0001

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Recognition of Non-Muslims and Moral Pluralism

Recognition of Non-Muslims and Moral Pluralism

(p.207) 7 Recognition of Non-Muslims and Moral Pluralism
Islam and Liberal Citizenship

Andrew F. March (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the idea of recognizing non-Muslims as civic equals and the permanence of moral pluralism, theorizing recognition as accepting the permanence and inevitability of religious disagreement and the premise that justice (as opposed to contingent accommodation or self-interest) is the standard for regulating social cooperation. It shows that many Islamic scholars turn to the Meccan verses of the Qur’an to theorize the minority condition, and even classical jurists insisted on the centrality of justice as an entitlement of non-Muslims, although this claim alone does not establish an overlapping consensus. This chapter returns to the discourses on da’wa (proselytization), showing that, while it remains a rich and ambiguous concept, it is emerging as a template for theorizing a richer relationship of moral obligation with non-Muslims. Finally, accounts of the Qur’anic prohibition on muwalah (loyalty, friendship) with non-Muslims argue that it is compatible with political citizenship.

Keywords:   recognition, moral pluralism, justice, Meccan verses, da’wa, moral obligation, muwalah, loyalty, civic friendship

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