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Islam and Liberal CitizenshipThe Search for an Overlapping Consensus$
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Andrew F. March

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195330960

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195330960.001.0001

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Residence in a Non-Muslim State

Residence in a Non-Muslim State

Chapter:
(p.165) 5 Residence in a Non-Muslim State
Source:
Islam and Liberal Citizenship
Author(s):

Andrew F. March (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195330960.003.0006

This chapter examines the Islamic arguments for the permissibility of residence (iqama) in a non-Muslim country, against a tradition which holds it divinely prohibited and holds that migration (hijra) is mandatory or encouraged. It shows that even medieval Islamic jurists did not condition such residence on the ability to govern Muslim minority communities by Islamic law as a clear facet of the need to “manifest one’s religion.” This chapter introduces for the first time the Islamic obligation of proselytization (da‘wa) and how the possibilities for missionary activity are central to classical and contemporary Islamic justifications of residence in non-Muslim lands. Da‘wa is argued to have an ambiguous status as a motivating reason from a liberal perspective. Some attention is paid to the Islamic classification of non-Muslim lands as “abodes” of War (dar al-harb), Unbelief (dar al-kufr), Treaty (dar al-’ahd), Security (dar al-aman) Calling (dar al-da‘wa) and Testimony (dar al-shahada).

Keywords:   iqama, migration, hijra, proselytization, da‘wa, dar al-harb, dar al-kufr, dar al-’ahd, dar al-aman, dar al-da‘wa, dar al-shahada

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