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Islam and Liberal CitizenshipThe Search for an Overlapping Consensus$
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Andrew F. March

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195330960

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195330960.001.0001

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Identifying Equilibrium: An Ideal-Typical Islamic Doctrine of Citizenship

Identifying Equilibrium: An Ideal-Typical Islamic Doctrine of Citizenship

(p.135) 4 Identifying Equilibrium: An Ideal-Typical Islamic Doctrine of Citizenship
Islam and Liberal Citizenship

Andrew F. March (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter seeks to establish what is reasonable for citizens in a liberal society to demand of Muslim fellow citizens by way of an “Islamic doctrine of citizenship” if it is to be said that there is an overlapping consensus on the terms of social cooperation. This inquiry involves two distinctions: between justice and citizenship, and between a citizen and a “loyal resident alien” or an “alienated citizen.” It is best perceived as the search for a fully reasonable account of the minimal demands of liberal citizenship least in conflict with the aims and sprit of Islamic political ethics. Ideal-typical “reasonable” Islamic positions are formulated on the core questions of residence, political obligation, loyalty, recognition, solidarity and political participation to be used in later chapters for evaluating existing Islamic views.

Keywords:   equilibrium, reasonableness, justice, citizenship, overlapping consensus, resident alien, alienated citizen, political obligation, recognition, political participation

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