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Toward Positive Youth DevelopmentTransforming Schools and Community Programs$
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Marybeth Shinn and Hirokazu Yoshikawa

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195327892

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327892.001.0001

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Enhancing Representation, Retention, and Achievement of Minority Students in Higher Education: A Social Transformation Theory of Change

Enhancing Representation, Retention, and Achievement of Minority Students in Higher Education: A Social Transformation Theory of Change

Chapter:
(p.115) Chapter 7 Enhancing Representation, Retention, and Achievement of Minority Students in Higher Education: A Social Transformation Theory of Change
Source:
Toward Positive Youth Development
Author(s):

Kenneth I. Maton

Freeman A. Hrabowski

Metin Özdemir

Harriette Wimms

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327892.003.0007

A social transformation theory of change is proposed for enhancing representation, retention, and the achievement of minority students in higher education. The central tenet of the theory is the creation of empowering settings that focus on minority student achievement, as part of a larger transformative institutional change-process centered on inclusive excellence. The institutional change-process involves a sustained effort to transform organizational culture and behavior in order to enhance equity for minority students, including development of an affirming campus climate. Key strategic elements for implementation and sustainability include: ensuring senior leadership support and accountability; developing an institutional vision and promoting buy-in, building capacities necessary for transformation; and leveraging resources. The proposed theory of change is based in part upon a long-term, highly successful diversity initiative involving students in science and engineering at the University of Maryland, Baltimore County.

Keywords:   social transformation, inclusive excellence, institutional change, empowering settings, diversity

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