Genetically Engineered Animals and the Ethics of Food Labeling
The current debate about labeling genetically engineered (GE) food focuses on food derived from GE crops, neglecting food derived from GE animals. This is not surprising: GE animal products have not reached the market and participants in the debate may be assuming that conclusions about GE crops automatically extend to GE animals. But two GE animals‐the Enviropig and the AquAdvantage Bred salmon‐are approaching the market, animals raise more ethical issues than plants, and U.S. regulations treat animal products differently from crops. This chapter therefore addresses the question of whether there should be mandatory labeling on food products derived from GE animals, examining the likely regulatory pathways, salient differences between GE animals and GE crops, and relevant social science research on consumers' attitudes. It concludes in favor of mandatory labeling.
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