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Managing MonksAdministrators and Administrative Roles in Indian Buddhist Monasticism$
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Jonathan A. Silk

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195326840

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326840.001.0001

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(p.137) 7 Vihārāpala
Managing Monks

Jonathan A. Silk

Oxford University Press

Although the term vihāra-pāla may not have been a confirmed word in Sanskrit, there are several available clues that assert the existence of the term. According to a certain passage which was used to look into the word karmadāna, it can be observed that vihāra-pāla was a term used to refer to those who guard and control the monastery gates, and those who announce what the community meeting was to be about. The vihāra-pāla is the one who is tasked to go around and individually ask a person's opinion in order to arrive at a consensus when certain decisions have to be made by the community. The chapter also illustrates how vihāra-pāla was found in Gāndhārī and Pāli literature, and how this term took two forms—viharavala and vyarivala—in Niya writings found in Central Asia.

Keywords:   vihāra-pāla, Gāndhārī and Pāli literature, Niya writings, viharavala, vyarivala

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