Cultural Mistrust, Academic Outcome Expectations, and Outcome Values Among African American Adolescent Males
Research on student motivation has been a particularly robust area of study for examining student underachievement. Recent evidences show that African Americans as a group have continued to struggle with academic success over the last decades. The span of this problem is illustrated by findings that the underachievement of these students is equally problematic among urban and suburban students across the full spectrum of socioeconomic status. This chapter explores the relationship between the attitudes of these students towards school culture, academic motivation, and academic achievement. It also examines students' understanding of racism and racial inequity in schools and communities and how this undermines their value of educational success. This chapter also presents cultural mistrust and African Americans' experiences with racism and how these have created their skepticism toward institutions which reflect the dominant culture.
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