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Primate Neuroethology$
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Michael Platt and Asif Ghazanfar

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195326598

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326598.001.0001

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Object Recognition: Physiological and Computational Insights

Object Recognition: Physiological and Computational Insights

Chapter:
(p.471) Chapter 24 Object Recognition: Physiological and Computational Insights
Source:
Primate Neuroethology
Author(s):

Doris Y. Tsao

Charles F. Cadieu

Margaret S. Livingstone

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326598.003.0024

Face perception is a microcosm of object recognition processes. The most difficult challenge in object recognition—distinguishing among similar visual forms despite substantial changes in appearance arising from changes in position, illumination, occlusion, etc.—is something we can do effortlessly for faces. Although face identification is often singled out as demanding particular sensitivity to differences between objects sharing a common basic configuration, in fact, such differences must be represented in the brain for both faces and nonface objects. This chapter argues that understanding face processing will illuminate the general problem of visual object recognition. It begins by discussing the functional architecture of the temporal lobe, with a special focus on the architecture of the system of face-selective areas in macaques and humans. It then discusses the physiology of cells in the temporal lobe, with a focus on the response properties of face-selective cells. Finally, it discusses different computational approaches to object recognition.

Keywords:   face perception, face processing, object recognition, temporal lobe

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