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Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis$
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Julia H. Littell, Jacqueline Corcoran, and Vijayan Pillai

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195326543

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326543.001.0001

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Introduction

Introduction

Chapter:
(p.1) 1 Introduction
Source:
Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis
Author(s):

Julia H. Littell

Jacqueline Corcoran

Vijayan Pillai

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326543.003.0001

This chapter defines and compares systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Systematic reviews carefully locate relevant evidence and appraise study qualities, while meta-analyses provide quantitative summaries of evidence, showing central trends, variations, and possible explanations for differences in results across studies. The advantages and disadvantages of these review methodologies are discussed, along with appropriate applications and quality standards.

Keywords:   systematic review, meta-analysis, research synthesis, vote-counting, statistical significance

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