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The World Heroin MarketCan Supply Be Cut?$
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Letizia Paoli, Victoria A. Greenfield, and Peter Reuter

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195322996

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322996.001.0001

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Tajikistan

Tajikistan

The Rise of a Narco-State1

Chapter:
(p.181) 9 Tajikistan
Source:
The World Heroin Market
Author(s):

Letizia Paoli

Victoria A. Greenfield

Peter Reuter

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322996.003.0009

This chapter traces the rise of Tajikistan as a narco-state. It explains that until the mid 1990s, heroin was virtually unknown in the country and other opiates were not major sources of concern; however, in less than a decade, Tajikistan has become a key transit country for Afghan opiates bound northward and westward, and a major heroin consumer. Tajikistan has become so dependent on the heroin industry that even leaders of some of the most powerful trafficking groups occupy high-ranking government positions and misuse state structures for their own illicit businesses.

Keywords:   Tajikistan, narco-state, heroin, opiates, transit country, Afghan opiates, illicit businesses

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