Fear and Resilience
This chapter explores Stoic conceptions of fear and resilience. It assesses the notion of replacing fear with a sage's rational caution, and the cost in terms of acknowledging human vulnerability. Both Seneca and Cicero, in quite different ways, shed light on understanding these fears. This chapter also illustrates some concrete examples of fear in battle and considers both the fear of killing and being killed and the challenge of transitioning from the role of soldier to civilian. Finally, this chapter discusses contemporary notions of war trauma and the insights ancient Stoicism sheds on the nature of resilience in the face of extreme terror and stress.
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