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Cognitive Neuroscience, Development, and PsychopathologyTypical and Atypical Developmental Trajectories of Attention$
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Jacob A. Burack, James T. Enns, and Nathan A. Fox

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780195315455

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315455.001.0001

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CORE COMPONENTS OF FLEXIBLY ATTENDING

CORE COMPONENTS OF FLEXIBLY ATTENDING

SUMMARY AND SYNTHESIS OF REFLEXIVE ORIENTING IN AUTISM

Chapter:
(p.191) ﹛ 8 ﹜ CORE COMPONENTS OF FLEXIBLY ATTENDING
Source:
Cognitive Neuroscience, Development, and Psychopathology
Author(s):

Jed T. Elison

J. Steven Reznick

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315455.003.0008

The Posner cueing task and the gap/overlap paradigm are widely used developmental tasks that can be administered across multiple levels of analysis (e.g., behavioral, cognitive, and neural levels) and across a wide range of developmental functioning. Considering the overarching theoretical frameworks of developmental psychopathology and developmental cognitive neuroscience, this chapter summarizes findings from performance by individuals with autism spectrum disorders on these specific tasks. In conclusion, this chapter advances a developmental hypothesis that implicates domain-general attentional orienting operations and the neural circuitry that underlies these operations as putative mechanisms contributing to the development of atypical joint attention in infants who go on to develop autism.

Keywords:   development, attention, orienting, joint attention, posner cueing task, autism

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