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Cognitive Neuroscience, Development, and PsychopathologyTypical and Atypical Developmental Trajectories of Attention$
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Jacob A. Burack, James T. Enns, and Nathan A. Fox

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780195315455

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315455.001.0001

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COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE, DEVELOPMENT, AND PSYCHOPATHOLOGY

COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE, DEVELOPMENT, AND PSYCHOPATHOLOGY

INTEGRATING PERSPECTIVE ON TYPICAL AND ATYPICAL TRAJECTORIES OF ATTENTION

Chapter:
(p.3) ﹛ 1 ﹜ COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE, DEVELOPMENT, AND PSYCHOPATHOLOGY
Source:
Cognitive Neuroscience, Development, and Psychopathology
Author(s):

James T. Enns

Jacob A. Burack

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315455.003.0001

How do scientists of human behavior from three different perspectives approach the comparison of two highly publicized athletes of the 2008 Olympics: Shaun Johnson, a female American gymnast who is 5 feet tall, and Yao Ming, a male Chinese basketball player who is 7-foot-6? A typical developmentalist might well focus on the similarities in their physical and neural development, which is at one level of description the same, despite vast differences in gender, ethnicity, and physique. A psychopathologist would, on the other hand, ask what is unique about each of these individuals that sets them apart from one another and the rest of the population. Finally, a cognitive neuroscientist might construct fine-grained cognitive tasks that probe how their different physiques and physiologies are manifest at the level of detailed neurology and behavioral analyses. This work follows each of these three perspectives as they explore the topics of anxiety, depression, autism, dyslexia, and infants at risk.

Keywords:   developmental psychology, psychopathology, cognitive neuroscience, attention, anxiety, depression, autism, dyslexia, infants at risk

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