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Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior$
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Silvia A. Bunge and Jonathan D. Wallis

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780195314274

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314274.001.0001

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 Ventrolateral Prefrontal Cortex and Controlling Memory to Inform Action

 Ventrolateral Prefrontal Cortex and Controlling Memory to Inform Action

Chapter:
(p.365) 16 Ventrolateral Prefrontal Cortex and Controlling Memory to Inform Action
Source:
Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior
Author(s):

David Badre

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314274.003.0020

Comprehending the world based on memory and stored knowledge often precedes goal‐directed, context‐appropriate action. Cognitive control processes permit memory to be accessed strategically and can provide the critical link between knowledge and actions. This chapter considers two central questions about the cognitive control of memory by prefrontal cortex: (1) What processes support strategic access to knowledge‐for‐action, that is knowledge to inform rules and actions? (2) How do humans overcome those forms of interference that impede efforts to access this knowledge? Included is a review of several recent neuroimaging experiments that highlight the role of left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex in supporting these capacities. Having specified these control functions, the chapter illustrates their centrality to rule‐guided behavior, as exemplified in task‐switching. In particular, this cognitive function is discussed from the perspective of constraints on knowledge access and their relief through memory control of mechanisms.

Keywords:   ventrolateral prefrontal cortex, knowledge‐for‐action, memory control mechanisms, task‐switching

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