Ancient Near Eastern Traditions
Many of the ingredients associated with preexistence appear in Mesopotamia, including divine assemblies, foreordination, human dualism, divine origins, and heavenly fears about theosis. The Hebrew Bible (Old Testament) refers to heavens populated with various orders of heavenly beings, and Jewish thought develops to include allusions to premortal, or pre-existence, human souls. Sorting out what is originally Hebrew and what was imported from Hellenic sources is difficult.
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