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Human Rights and Social Justice in a Global PerspectiveAn Introduction to International Social Work$

Susan C. Mapp

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780195313451

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313451.001.0001

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(p.205) References

(p.205) References

Source:
Human Rights and Social Justice in a Global Perspective
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

Preface

Diaz, L., Mama, R., & Lopez, L. (2006, August). Making the social work profession an essential partner in international development. Paper presented at the biennial conference of the International Federation of Social Workers, Munich, Germany.

International Federation of Social Workers. (2000). Definition of social work. Retrieved July 19, 2006, from http://www.ifsw.org/en/p38000208.html

Chapter One

Diaz, L., Mama, R., & Lopez, L. (2006, August). Making the social work profession an essential partner in international development. Paper presented at the biennial conference of the International Federation of Social Workers, Munich, Germany.

Herscovitch, L. (2001). International relief and development practice. In L. Healy (Ed.), International social work: Professional action in an interdependent world (pp. 170–192). New York: Oxford University Press.

Isbister, J. (2003). Promises not kept: Poverty and the betrayal of Third World development (6th ed.). Bloomfield, CT: Kumarian Press.

Kaiser, W. L., & Wood, D. (2001). Seeing through maps. Amherst, MA: ODT Incorporated.

Macionis, J. J. (2006). Society: The basics (8th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall.

Mead, W. R. (2006). The state of state world history standards. Retrieved July 26, 2006, from http://www.edexcellence.net/doc/State%20of%20State%20World%20History%20Standards%202006.pdf

(p.206) Midgley, J. (1997). Social work and international social development: Promoting a developmental perspective in the profession. In M. C. Hokenstad & J. Midgley (Eds.), Issues in international social work: Global challenges for a new century (pp. 11–26). Washington, DC: NASW Press.

National Geographic. (2002). 2002 global geographic literacy survey. Retrieved February 24, 2006, from http://geosurvey.nationalgeographic.com/geosurvey/download/RoperSurvey.pdf/

National Geographic. (2006). 2006 global geographic literacy survey. Retrieved July 26, 2006, from http://www.nationalgeographic.com/roper2006/pdf/FINALReport2006GeogLitSurvey.pdf

Rodney, W. (2005). How Europe underdeveloped Africa. In P. S. Rothenberg (Ed.). Beyond borders: Thinking critically about global issues (pp. 107–125). New York: Worth Publishers.

Schultz, E. A., & Lavenda, R. H. (2005). Cultural anthropology: A perspective on the human condition (6th ed). New York: Oxford University Press.

Thomas-Slayter, B. P. (2003). Southern exposure: International development and the global south in the twenty-first century. Bloomfield, CT: Kumarian Press.

United Nations. (1999). About the World Summit for Social Development. Retrieved May 30, 2007 from http://www.visionoffice.com/socdev/wssd.htm.

United Nations Development Programme. (2003). Human development report 2003. New York: Oxford University Press.

United Nations–Division for the Advancement of Women. (2005). Creating an enabling environment for girls’ and women’s participation in education. Retrieved July 20, 2006, from http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/egm/enabling-environment2005/docs/EGM-WPD-EE-2005-EP.8%20%20A.pdf

University of London, Department of Geography (n.d.) The power of maps: Bias and distortion on a world map. Retrieved April 8, 2006, from http://www.geog.qmul.ac.uk/map

U.S. Department of Education. (2006). Teaching language for national security and global competitiveness: U.S. Department of Education fact sheet. Retrieved April 8, 2006, from http://www.ed.gov/news/pressreleases/2006/01/01052006.html

Chapter Two

Amnesty International. (2005). Human rights for human dignity: A primer on economic, social and cultural rights. Retrieved July 7, 2006, from http://web.amnesty.org/library/pdf/POL340092005ENGLISH/$File/POL3400905.pdf

(p.207) Ayton-Shenker, D. (1995). The challenge of human rights and cultural relativism. Retrieved June 24, 2005, from http://www.un.org/rights/dpi1627e.htm

George, J. (1999). Conceptual muddle, practical dilemma: Human rights, social development and social work education. International Social Work, 42(1), 15–26.

Ghai, Y. (2001). Human rights and social development: Toward democratization and social justice. Geneva: United Nations Research Institute for Social Development. Retrieved July 7, 2006, from http://www.unrisd.org/unrisd/website/document.nsf/(httpPublications)/ECD0417EB1177C5280256B5E004BCAFA?OpenDocument

Healy, L. (2001). International social work: Professional action in an interdependent world. New York: Oxford University Press.

Human Rights Watch. (1996). Death by default: A policy of fatal neglect in China’s state orphanages. Retrieved June 27, 2006, from http://www.hrw.org/summaries/s.china961.html

Ife, J., & Fiske, L. (2006). Human rights and community work. International Social Work, 49(3), 297–308.

International Committee of the Red Cross. (2006). International conference paves the way for Red Crystal. Retrieved July 9, 2006, from http://www.icrc.org/web/eng/siteeng0.nsf/html/geneva-news-220606?opendocument

Jahan, S. (2005). Human rights-based approach to poverty reduction: Analytical linkages, practical work and UNDP. Retrieved July 7, 2006, from http://www.undp.org/poverty/HRPR.doc

Muntarbhorn, V. (2005, September 14). Human rights and globalization. The Bangkok Post. Retrieved September 14, 2005, from http://www.bangkokpost.com

Red Cross of Latvia. (n.d.). International humanitarian law. Retrieved September 22, 2005, from http://www.redcross.lv/en/conventions.htm

Reichert, E. (2003). Social work and human rights. New York: Columbia University Press.

Skegg, A. (2005). Human rights and social work: A Western imposition or empowerment to the people? International Social Work, 48(5), 667–672.

UNICEF. (1999). Human rights for children and women: How UNICEF helps make them a reality. Retrieved October 30, 2006, from http://www.unicef.org/publications/index_5587.html

United Nations. (1999). About the World Summit for Social Development. Retrieved July 10, 2006, from http://www.visionoffice.com/socdev/wssd.htm

United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (2006a). International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. Retrieved July 6, 2006, from http://www.ohchr.org/english/countries/ratification/4.htm

(p.208) United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (2006b). International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. Retrieved July 6, 2006, from http://www.ohchr.org/english/countries/ratification/3.htm

United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (2006c). International law. Retrieved July 9, 2006, from http://www.ohchr.org/english/law/index.htm

Wright, T. (2006, June 20). Annan cautions rights council to avoid rifts. New York Times. Retrieved July 13, 2006, from www.nytimes.com

Chapter Three

Amnesty International (2005). Childhood denied: Child soldiers in Africa. Retrieved September 8, 2005, from http://web.amnesty.org/pages/childsoldiers-africanchild-eng

Anti-Slavery International (n.d.). About Timidria. Retrieved October 29, 2005, from http://www.antislavery.org/homepage/antislavery/award/timidriabackground2004.htm

Anti-Slavery International. (2001a). Forced labor in the 21st century. Retrieved on October 5, 2005, from http://www.antislavery.org/homepage/resources/PDF/PDFforcedlabour.htm

Anti-Slavery International. (2001b). The enslavement of Dalit and indigenous communities in India, Nepal and Pakistan through debt bondage. Retrieved October 5, 2005, from http://www.antislavery.org/homepage/resources/goonesekere.pdf

Anti-Slavery International. (2004). Slavery in Niger. Retrieved October 5, 2005, from http://www.antislavery.org/homepage/antislavery/award/nigerbackground2004.htm

Anti-Slavery International. (2005). Niger’s leading anti-slavery activists freed on bail. Retrieved October 29, 2005, from http://www.antislavery.org/archive/press/pressrelease2005weila4freed.htm

Arnold, C., & Bertone, A. M. (2002). Addressing the sex trade in Thailand: Some lessons learned from NGOs. Part I. Gender Issues, Winter, 26–52. Retrieved June 24, 2005, from http://phi-ngo.org/USA/Papers.htm

Bales, K. (2004). Disposable people: New slavery in the global economy. Los Angeles: University of California Press.

Bernstein, N. (2007, February 8). Suit to charge that nursery mistreated laborers. New York Times. Retrieved February 8, 2007, from http://www.nytimes.com

Blount, J. (2005, November 4). Brazil’s anti-slavery chief steps up raids to free workers. Retrieved November 4, 2005, from http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=10000086&sid=aZfAqGDt9qgI&refer=latin_america

(p.209) Brown, L. (2000). Sex slaves: The trafficking of women in Asia. London: Virago Press.

Burma enacts anti trafficking in persons law (2005, October). Retrieved October 12, 2005, from http://www.humantrafficking.org/countries/eap/burma/news/2005_09/burma_enacts_ht_law

Burma threatening to quit ILO. (2005, October 28). Retrieved November 3, 2005, from http://news.bbc.co.uk/go/pr/fr/-/2/hi/asia-pacific/4385362.htm

Crary, D. (2005, October 29). Groups target human trafficking in the U.S. Washington Post. Retrieved November 4, 2005, from http://www.washingtonpost.com

Davidson, O. G. (2005, September 8). In the land of slavery. Rolling Stone, 74–80.

Ehrenreich, B., & Hochschild, A. R. (Eds.) (2002). Global woman. New York: Henry Holt and Company.

Fred, S. (2004, September). Human trafficking: Snaring the spirit. NASW News, p. 4.

French, H. W. (2005). A village grows rich off its main export: Its daughters. New York Times, p. A4.

Human Rights Watch. (2001). Burma violates own ban in use of forced labor. Retrieved October 5, 2005, from http://hrw.org/english/docs/2001/03/07/burma347_txt.htm

Human Rights Watch. (2004). Children as weapons of war. Retrieved on October 5, 2005, from http://hrw.org/wr2k4/11/htm

Human Rights Watch. (2005a). Burma. In Human Rights Watch World Report 2005. Retrieved October 5, 2005, from http://hrw.org/english/docs/2005/01/13/burma9826_txt.htm

Human Rights Watch. (2005b). Brazil. Retrieved October 5, 2005, from http://hrw.org/english/docs/2005/01/13/brazil9845_txt.htm

Human Rights Watch. (2005c). Malaysia: Migrant workers fall prey to abuse. Retrieved October 5, 2005, from http://hrw.org/english/docs/2005/05/17/malays10959_txt.htm

Human Rights Watch. (2005d). Thailand: Burmese democracy activists targeted by Thai government. Retrieved November 5, 2005, from http://hrw.org/english/docs/2005/03/29/thaila10381.htm

Human Trafficking.org. (2005). Prevention. Retrieved on April 10, 2005, from http://www.humantrafficking.org/prevention/index.html

Illinois Department of Human Services. (2005). Gov. Blagojevich takes lead in effort to combat human trafficking in Illinois. Retrieved September 26, 2005, from http://www.dhs.state.il.us/newsPublications/pressReleases/releases/2005–03–20–01.asp

(p.210) International Labour Office. (2005a). A global alliance against forced labour. Geneva: International Labour Office. Retrieved June 2, 2005, from http://www.ilo.org/declaration

International Labour Office. (2005b). In Asia: Debt bondage, trafficking and state-imposed forced labour. Retrieved October 14, 2005, from http://www.ilo.org/public/english/bureau/inf/features/05/debt_asia.htm

Jagan, L. (2005, November 21). Junta faces sanctions over forced labour. Bangkok Post. Retrieved November 20, 2005, from http://www.bangkokpost.com/News/21Nov2005_news17.php

Jones, M. (2003, Nov/Dec). Thailand’s brothel busters. Mother Jones. Retrieved September 23, 2005, from http://www.motherjones.com/news/outfront/2003/11/ma_570_01.html

Malarek, V. (2004). The Natashas: Inside the new global sex trade. New York: Arcade Publishing.

Muico, N. K. (2005). An absence of choice: The sexual exploitation of North Korean women in China. Retrieved October 5, 2005, from http://www.antislavery.org/homepage/resources/PDF/Full%20Korea%20report%202005.pdf

Onishi, N. (2005, February 16). Japan, easygoing till now, plans sex traffic crackdown. New York Times, p. A3.

Parker, C. (2006, October 25). ILO advisor concludes Burma visit. BurmaNet News. Retrieved October 30, 2006, from http://www.burmanet.org/news/2006/10/25/irrawaddy-ilo-advisor-concludes-burma-visit-clive-parker

Pearson, E. (2001). Human rights and trafficking in person: A handbook. Bangkok, Thailand: Global Alliance Against Traffic in Women. Retrieved June 29, 2005, from http://gaatw.net/books_pdf/Human%20Rights%20and%20Trafficking%20in%20Person.pdf

Population and Community Development Association (n.d.a). Singer (Thailand) Ltd. Retrieved on April 10, 2005, from http://www.sli.unimelb.edu.au/pda/singer.htm

Population and Community Development Association (n.d.b). Bata Shoe Company of Thailand Ltd. Retrieved on April 10, 2005, from http://www.sli.unimelb.edu.au/pda/batashoe.htm

Robb, M. (2005). International social work—Go global! Social Work Today, 5(1), 14.

Roby, J. L. (2005). Women and children in the global sex trade: Toward more effective policy. International Social Work, 48(2), 136–147.

Royal Thai Embassy (1997). Child prostitution. Retrieved October 21, 2006, from http://www.thaiembdc.org/socials/childprs.htm

Santimatanedol, A. (2005, October 29). Migrant workers exploited: Study: Burmese maids get treated like ‘slaves.’ Bangkok Post. Retrieved October 29, 2005, from http://wwwbangkokpost.com/News/29Oct2005_news14.php

(p.211) Smith, C. S. (2005, June 26). Turkey’s growing sex trade snares many Slavic women. New York Times, p. A4.

Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery the Slave Trade Institutions, Practices Similar to Slavery (1957). Retrieved October 29, 2005,from http://www.ohchr.org/english/law/slavetrade.htm

Thailand Legislation (2000). Retrieved on April 4, 2005, from http://www.world-tourism.org/protect_children/legislation_country/thailand.htm

Thernstrom, M.(2005,May 8). Charlotte, Grace, Janetand Carolinecomehome. New York Times. Retrieved May 30, 2007, from http://www.nytimes.com.

Tumcharoen, S. (2005, September 12). Thai women ‘lured’ into prostitution. Bangkok Post. Retrieved September 12, 2005, from http://www.bangkokpost.com

UNICEF. (2002). Adult wars, child soldiers. Retrieved October 19, 2005, from http://www.unicef.org/publications/index_4269.html

United Nations. (2000). Protocol to prevent, suppress and punish trafficking in persons, especially women and children, supplementing the United Nations convention against transnational organized crime. Retrieved October 22,2006, from http://www.uncjin.org/Documents/Conventions/dcatoc/final_documents_2/convention_%20traff_eng.pdf

U.S. Department State (2004). Thailand: Country reports on human rights practices. Retrieved September 10, 2005, from http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2004/41661.htm

U.S. Department of State (2005a). Victims of trafficking and violence protection act of 2000: Trafficking in persons report, 2005. Retrieved October 15, 2005, from http://www.state.gov/g/tip/rls/tiprpt/2005

U.S. Department of State (2005b). North Korean refugees frequent victims of human trafficking. Retrieved October 15, 2005, from http://usinfo.state.gov/eap/Archive/2005/Jul/21–514072.html?chanlid=eap

Waldman, A. (2005, May 8). Sri Lankan maids pay dearly for perilous jobs overseas. New York Times, pA1, pA6.

Zarembka, J. M. (2002). America’s dirty work: Migrant maids and modern-day slavery. In B. Ehrenreich & A. R. Hochschild (eds.), Global woman (pp. 142–153). New York: Henry Holt and Company.

Chapter Four

Ajayi, A. O., & Torimiro, D. O. (2004). Perspectives on child abuse and labour: Global ethical ideals versus African cultural realities. Early Child Development and Care, 174(2), 183–191.

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Amnesty International. (2006). No papers, no rights. Amnesty International, Fall, 18–23.

Bloemen, S., & McBride, R. (2006). At Asia-Pacific birth registration conference, a pledge to reach every child. Retrieved June 5, 2006, from http://www.unicef.org/infobycountry/Thailand_31752.html

Briggs, J. (2005). Innocents lost: When child soldiers go to war. New York: Basic Books.

Bross, D. C., Miyoshi, T. J., Miyoshi, P. K., & Krugman, R. D. (2000). World perspectives on child abuse: The fourth international resource book. Denver, CO: University of Colorado.

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China paying more attention to orphans. (2001, February 5). The Straits Times. Retrieved June 28, 2006, from http://www.hartford-hwp.com/archives/55/337/html

China’s orphans not adequately looked, after: official. (2006, January 5). Agence France Presse. Retrieved June 28, 2006, from LexisNexis Database.

Chinyama, V. (n.d.). Kenya’s abolition of school fees offers lessons for rest of Africa. Retrieved April 26, 2006, from http://www.unicef.org/infobycountry/kenya_33391.html

Corbett, S. (2002, June 16). Where do babies come from? New York Times. Retrieved June 24, 2006, from http://www.nytimes.com

Dao, J. (2005, May 26). Maryland: 15-year sentence in molesting case. New York Times, p. A21.

Dugger, C. W. (2004, October 24). In Africa, free schools feed a different hunger. New York Times. Retrieved July 2, 2006, from http://www.nytimes.com

Dugger, C. W. (2006, April 11). Britain: $15 billion for third world schools. New York Times, pA12.

Ennew, J. (2000). Street and working children: A guide to planning. London: Save the Children.

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French, H. W. (2006, June 30). As China ages, a shortage of cheap labor looms. New York Times. Retrieved July 1, 2006, from http://www.nytimes.com

Gentleman, A. (2007, March 4). Stricter law fails to diminish the demand for child laborers in India. New York Times. Retrieved March 6, 2007, from http://www.nytimes.com

(p.213) Hamid, J. (2006, July 26). Sabah’s ‘undocumented’ children in stateless limbo. The Bangkok Post. Retrieved July 26, 2006, from http://www.bangkokpost.com

Hollingsworth, L. D. (2003). International adoption among families in the United States: Considerations of social justice. Social Work, 48(2), 209–217.

Human Rights Watch (1994). Generation under fire: Children and violence in Colombia. Retrieved July 2, 2006, from http://www.hrw.org/reports/pdfs/c/crd/colombia94n.pdf

Human Rights Watch (1996a). Police abuse and killings of street children in India. Retrieved July 2, 2006, from http://www.hrw.org/reports/1996/India4.htm

Human Rights Watch. (1996b). Death by default: A policy of fatal neglect in China’s state orphanages. Retrieved June 27, 2006, from http://www.hrw.org/summaries/s.china961.html

Human Rights Watch (1997a). Police brutality in urban Brazil. Retrieved July 2, 2006, from http://www.hrw.org/reports/1997/brazil

Human Rights Watch (1997b). Guatemala’s forgotten children: Police violence and abuses in detention. Retrieved July 2, 2006, from http://www.hrw.org/reports/1997/guat1

Human Rights Watch. (1997c). Voices of child soldiers. Retrieved June 3, 2006, from http://hrw.org/campaigns/crp/voices.htm

Human Rights Watch. (1998). Cruelty and neglect in Russian orphanages. Retrieved June 27, 2006, from http://www.hrw.org/reports98/russia2/Russ98d-02.htm

Human Rights Watch. (2001). Questions and answers on the U.N. special session on children, the United States and the rights of children. Retrieved June 26, 2006, from http://www.hrw.org/press/2001/09/childqa.htm

Human Rights Watch. (2003). Small change: Bonded child labor in India’s silk industry. Retrieved June 18, 2006, from http://www.hrw.org/reports/2003/india

Human Rights Watch. (2005). Colombia: Armed groups send children to war. Retrieved June 3, 2006, from http://hrw.org/english/docs/2005/02/22/colomb10202.htm

Human Rights Watch. (2006). What future: Street children in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Retrieved April 18, 2006, from http://hrw.org/reports/2006/drc0406

Hunt, K. (1990, June 24). Romania’s lost children. New York Times. Retrieved June 28, 2006, from http://www.nytimes.com

International Labour Organization. (2003a). Facts on children working in the street. Retrieved June 20, 2006, from http://www.ilo.org/public/english/standards/ipec/publ/download/factsheets/fs_streetchildren_0303.pdf

(p.214) International Labour Organization. (2003b). Facts on child labour in agriculture. Retrieved June 20, 2006, from http://www.ilo.org/public/english/standards/ipec/publ/download/factsheets/fs_agriculture_0303.pdf

International Labour Organization. (2006). Facts on child labour. Retrieved June 19, 2006, from http://www.ilo.org/dyn/declaris/DECLARATIONWEB.INDEXPAGE

Johnson, K. (2002). Politics of international and domestic adoption in China. Law and Society Review, 36(2), 379–396. Retrieved June 29, 2006 from LexisNexis database.

Johnson, K., Banghan, H., & Liyao, W. (1998). Infant abandonment and adoption in China. Population and Development Review, 24(3), 469–510.

Johnson, K. A. (2004). Wanting a daughter, needing a son: Abandonment, adoption and orphanage care in China. St. Paul, MN: Yeong & Yeong Book Company.

Kombarakaran, F. A. (2004). Street children of Bombay: Their stresses and strategies of coping. Children and Youth Services Review, 26, 853–971.

Laffan, G. (2005). Romania’s policy of emptying its orphanages raises controversy. British Medical Journal, 331, 1360.

LaFraniere, S. (2005, December 23). Another school barrier for African girls: No toilet. New York Times. Retrieved June 26, 2006, from http://www.nytimes.com

Lalor, K. (1999). Street children: A comparative perspective. Child Abuse and Neglect, 23(8), 759–770.

Lalor, K. (2000). The victimization of juvenile prostitutes in Ethiopia. International Social Work, 43(2), 227–242.

Lihua, H. (2001). Chinese adoption: Practices and challenges. Child Welfare, 80(5), 529–540.

Mental Disability Rights International. (2006). Hidden suffering: Romania’s segregation and abuse of infants and children with disabilities. Retrieved June 26, 2006, from http://www.mdri.org/projects/romania/romania-May%209%20final.pdf

Mouravieff-Apostol, E. (2006). The significance of birth registration in today’s world. In N. Hall (Ed.) Social work: Making a world of difference (pp. 103–113). Berne, Switzerland: International Federation of Social Workers.

Mydans, S. (2001, November 5). U.S. interrupts Cambodian adoptions. New York Times. Retrieved June 24, 2006, from http://www.nytimes.com

Nafula, N. N. (2001, July). Achieving sustainable universal primary education through debt relief: The case of Kenya. Paper presented at the World Institute for Development Economics Research, Helsinki, Finlind. Retrieved February 3, 2005, from http://www.wider.unu.edu/conference/conference-2001–2=poster%20papers/Nafula.pdf

(p.215) Penalties for neglecting elderly parents. (2006, January 12). New York Times. Retrieved July 1, 2006, from http://www.nytimes.com

Pierce, L., & Bozalek, V. (2004). Child abuse in South Africa: An examination of how child abuse and neglect are defined. Child Abuse and Neglect, 28(8), 817–832.

Platt, K. (2000). Children of quake thrive in China’s improved orphanage conditions. Christian Science Monitor, 92(67), 8. Retrieved July 1, 2006, from EbscoHost database.

Refugees International. (2004). Stolen futures: The stateless children of Burmese asylum seekers. Retrieved June 20, 2005, from http://www.refugeesinternational.org/content/article/detail/3014/

Retreat on criminalizing gender abortions. (2006, June 27). New York Times. Retrieved July 1, 2006, from http://www.nytimes.com

Romania: Closing the door on foreign adoptions. (2006, April 19). New York Times, pA6.

Rosenthal, E. (2005, June 23). Law backfires, stranding orphans in Romania. New York Times, pA1, A6.

Save the Children. (2003). Save the Children’s position on children and work. Retrieved June 30, 2006, from http://www.savethechildren.net/alliance/resources/publications.html

Save the Children. (2006). State of the world’s mothers 2006: Saving the lives of mothers and newborns. Retrieved June 25, 2006, from http://www.savethechildren.org/publications/SOWM_2006_final.pdf

Shang, X. (2002). Looking for a better way to care for children: Cooperation between the state and civil society in China. Social Service Review, 76, 203–228.

Shang, X., & Wu, X. (2003). The changing role of the state in child protection: The case of Nanchang. Social Service Review, 77, 523–540.

Singer, P. W. (2005). Children at war. New York: Pantheon Books.

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Southwick, E. M. (2001, February 1). Statement by Ambassador E. Michael Southwick, Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for International Organization Affairs, in the Preparatory Committee for the General Assembly Special Session on the Children’s World Summit. Retrieved June 24, 2006, from http://www.un.int/usa/01_015.htm

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(p.216) UNICEF. (n.d.c). Armed conflict. Retrieved June 4, 2006, from http://www.unicef.org/protection/index_armedconflict.html

UNICEF. (n.d.d). Trafficking and sexual exploitation. Retrieved June 5, 2006, from http://www.unicef.org/protection/index_exploitation.html

UNICEF. (n.d.e). Convention on the Rights of the Child. Retrieved June 5, 2006, from http://www.unicef.org/crc/index_30166.html

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UNICEF. (n.d.g). Fact sheet. Retrieved June 5, 2006, from http://www.unicef.org/voy/explore/education/explore_166.html

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UNICEF. (n.d.i). Girls’ education. Retrieved June 5, 2006, from http://www.unicef.org/media/media_4408.html

UNICEF (2001). Adult wars, child soldiers. Retrieved June 28, 2006, from http://www.unicef.org/publications/pub_adultwars_en.pdf

UNICEF (2006a). State of the world’s children 2006. Retrieved June 21, 2006, from http://www.unicef.org/publications/index_30398.html

UNICEF (2006b). Commercial sexual exploitation. Retrieved June 28, 2006, from http://www.unicef.org/protection/files/sexual_exploitation.pdf

UNICEF (2006c). Birth registration. Retrieved June 4, 2006, from http://www.unicef.org/protection/files/birthregistration_2006.pdf

United Arab Emirates says all child jockeys sent home. (2006, June 13). New York Times. Retrieved June 18, 2006, from http://www.nytimes.com

U.S. Department of State. (2005a). The facts about children trafficked for use as camel jockeys. Retrieved June 3, 2006, from http://www.state.gov/g/tip/rls/fs/2005/50940.htm

U.S. Department of State. (2005b). The facts about child sex tourism. Retrieved June 28, 2006, from http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/51459.pdf

U.S. Department of State. (2006a). Implementation of the Hague Convention on Intercountry Adoption. Retrieved June 18, 2006, from http://www.state.gov/r/pa/prs/ps/2006/61274.htm

U.S. Department of State. (2006b). Immigrant visas issued to orphans coming to the U.S. Retrieved June 17, 2006, from http://travel.state.gov/family/adoption/stats/stats_451.html#

U.S. Department of State. (2007). Intercountry adoption: Guatemala. Retrieved March 16, 2007, from http://travel.state.gov/family/adoption/country/country_389.html

WHO calls child abuse major public health problem. (1999, July/August). Public Health Reports, 114, 296.

(p.217) Willis, B. M., & Levy, B. S. (2002). Child prostitution: Global health burden, research needs, and interventions. The Lancet, 359, 1417–1422.

Yardley, J. (2005, January 31). Fearing future, China starts to give girls their due. New York Times, p. A3.

Chapter Five

American Red Cross. (2006). Fact sheet: Summary of the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and their additional protocols of 1977. Retrieved September 22, 2006, from http://www.redcross.org/static/file_cont5230_lang0_1902.pdf

Benard, C. (2002). Veiled courage: Inside the Afghan women’s resistance. New York: Broadway Books.

Bernstein, N. (2005, February 10). Airports treat asylum cases differently. New York Times. Retrieved February 10, 2005 from http://www.nytimes.com

Bernstein, N. (2006, October 8). In New York immigration court, asylum roulette. New York Times. Retrieved October 8, 2006, from http://www.nytimes.com

Cemlyn, S., & Briskman, L. (2003). Asylum, children’s rights, and social work. Child and Family Social Work, 8, 163–178.

Coghlan, B., Brennan, R. J., Ngoy, P., Dofara, D., Otto, B., Clements, M., & Stewart, T. (2006). Mortality in the Democratic Republic of Congo: A nationwide survey. The Lancet, 367, 44–51.

Congressional Research Service. (2005). Foreign aid: An introductory overview of U.S. programs and policy. Retrieved October 30, 2006, from http://italy.usembassy.gov/pdf/other/98–916.pdf

Doctors Without Borders. (2005a). Mental health. Retrieved September 29, 2006, from http://www.doctorswithoutborders.org/news/mentalhealth.htm

Doctors Without Borders. (2005b). The crushing burden of rape: Sexual violence in Darfur. Retrieved September 29, 2006, from http://www.doctorswithoutborders.org/publications/reports/2005/sudan03.pdf

Doctors Without Borders. (2006). Working in the field: Mental health specialists. Retrieved October 6, 2006, from http://www.doctorswithoutborders.org/volunteer/field/mentalhealth.cfm

Engstrom, D. W., & Okamura, A. (2004). A plague of our time: Torture, human rights, and social work. Families in Society, 85, 291–300. Retrieved June 14, 2005, from Wilson Web database.

Fiske, L., Watkinson, A., & Briskman, L. (2006, July). The people’s inquiry into immigration detention: Social workers exposing unjust and harmful practices. Paper presented at the biennial conference of the International Federation of Social Workers, Munich, Germany.

(p.218) Hoge, W. (2005, June 22). U.N. relief official condemns use of rape in African wars. New York Times, p. A4.

Hoge, W. (2005, July 30). U.N. charges Sudan ignores rape in Darfur by military and police. New York Times. Retrieved September 29, 2006, from http://www.nytimes.com

Human Rights Watch. (2003a). Climate of fear: Sexual violence and abduction of women and girls in Baghdad. Retrieved October 1, 2006, from http://hrw.org/reports/2003/iraq0703/iraq0703.pdf

Human Rights Watch. (2003b). “You’ll learn not to cry:” Child combatants in Colombia. Retrieved October 13, 2006, from http://www.hrw.org/reports/2003/colombia0903

Human Rights Watch. (2004). Refugee and internally-displaced women: Gender-based asylum claims. Retrieved October 10, 2005, from http://www.hrw.org/women/refugees.html

Human Rights Watch. (2005a). Colombia: Discarded and displaced. The plight of internally displaced persons in Bogotáand Cartagena. Retrieved October 7, 2006, from http://hrw.org/reports/2005/colombia1005/colombia1005.pdf

Human Rights Watch. (2005b). Colombia: Armed groups send children to war. Retrieved June 3, 2006, from http://hrw.org/english/docs/2005/02/22/colomb10202.htm

Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre. (2006). Colombia: Government “peace process” cements injustice for IDPs. Retrieved October 7, 2006, from http://www.internal-displacement.org/8025708F004BE3B1/(httpInfoFiles)/2F1618E6C169F2EBC125719C002F6421/$file/Special%20Country%20Report%20Colombia.pdf

International Rescue Committee. (2006). The IRC in Thailand. Retrieved September 24, 2006, from http://www.theirc.org/where/the_irc_in_thailand.html

Jefferson, L. R. (2004). In war as in peace: Sexual violence and women’s status. Retrieved October 5, 2006, from http://hrw.org/wr2k4/15.htm

Kline, H. F., & Gray, V. J. (2007). Colombia: A resilient political system with intrasigent problems. In H. J. Wiarda & H. F. Kline (Eds.). Latin America: Politics and development (pp. 199–233). Boulder, CO: Westview.

Kohli, R., & Mather, R. (2003). Promoting psychosocial well-being in unaccompanied asylum-seeking young people in the United Kingdom. Child and Family Social Work, 8, 201–212.

Lacey, M. (2005, March 20). Beyond the bullets and blades. New York Times, Section 4, p. 1, 14.

Lidchi, V., Tombs, N., Magalhaes, T., & Lopez, J. (2004). Hidden voices: The family biogram for working with families forcibly displaced in Colombia [electronic version]. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Family Therapy, 25(4), 212–221|.

(p.219) Liptak, A. (2005, December 26). Courts criticize judges’ handling of asylum cases. New York Times. Retrieved February 6, 2006, from the LexisNexis database.

Loughna, S. (2002). FMO country guide: Colombia. Retrieved October 7, 2006, from http://www.forcedmigration.org/guides/fmo003/fmo003.pdf

Machel, G. (2001). The impact of war on children. New York: Palgrave.

Machel, G. (1996). The impact of armed conflict on children. Retrieved June 24, 2005, from http://www.un.org/rights/impact.htm

Martin, S. (2005). Must boys be boys? Ending sexual exploitation and abuse in UN peacekeeping missions. Retrieved October 6, 2006, from http://www.refugeesinternational.org/files/6976_file_FINAL_MustBoys.pdf

Médecins Sans Frontières. (2006). Living in fear: Colombia’s cycle of violence. Retrieved October 13, 2006, from http://www.msf.org/source/countries/americas/colombia/2006/report/living_in_fear.pdf

Mitchell, F. (2003). The social services response to unaccompanied children in England. Child and Family Social Work, 8, 179–189.

Refugee Council USA. (n.d.). OPE Thailand: Tham Hin camp. Retrieved September 7, 2006, from http://www.refugeecouncilusa.org/ms-thamhin-ircfctsht.pdf

Refugees International. (2005a). Colombia. Retrieved October 7, 2006, from http://www.refugeesinternational.org/content/country/detail/2934

Refugees International. (2005b). Colombian refugee voices: Urban displacement in Soacha. Retrieved October 7, 2006, from http://www.refugeesinternational.org/content/article/detail/5342

Refugees International. (2005c). Saiza voices: Massacre and return. Retrieved October 7, 2006, from http://www.refugeesinternational.org/content/article/detail/5044

Refugees International. (2005d). Refugee voices: Internally displaced in Chocó, Colombia. Retrieved October 7, 2006, from http://www.refugeesinternational.org/content/article/detail/6877

Refugees International. (2005e). Colombia: Alternatives to coerced returns needed for internally displaced. Retrieved October 7, 2006, from http://www.refugeesinternational.org/content/article/detail/6988

Refugees International. (2006). Colombia: Thousands of displaced people face destitution in urban areas. Retrieved October 7, 2006, from http://www.refugeesinternational.org/content/article/detail/8978

Rogers, O. (2005, February). Human rights and war: Incorporating the Geneva Conventions in social work curriculum. Paper presented at the 51st annual program meeting of the Council on Social Work Education, New York.

(p.220) Spindler, W. (2003). Indigenous Colombians: “We are here today and tomorrow we disappear.” Refugees Magazine, 132. Retrieved October 7, 2006, from http://www.unhcr.org/publ/PUBL/4135ca574.html

Suárez-Orozco, C. (2001). Psychocultural factors in the adaptation of immigrant youth: Gendered responses. In M. Agosín (Ed.), Women, gender and human rights: A global perspective (pp. 170–188). New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.

Swarns, R. L. (2006, February 20). Rights groups criticize deportations. New York Times, p. A9.

Swarns, R. L. (2006, September 28). Terror laws cut resettlement of refugees. New York Times, p. A21.

Swarns, R. L. (2007, February 8, 2007). U.S. may be mishandling asylum seekers, panel says. New York Times. Retrieved February 8, 2007, from http://www.nytimes.com

Tavernise, S. (2006, October 8). Sectarian havoc freezes the lives of young Iraqis. New York Times. Retrieved October 18, 2006, from http://www.nytimes.com

UNICEF. (n.d.). Fact sheet: Protection and conflict. Retrieved January 11, 2006, from www.unicef.org/protection/files/childrenconflict.pdf

UNICEF. (2005). The impact of conflict on women and girls in west and central Africa and the UNICEF response. Retrieved June 30, 2006, from http://www.unicef.org/publications/index_25262.html

UNICEF (2006). State of the world’s children 2006. Retrieved June 21, 2006, from http://www.unicef.org/publications/index_30398.html

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. (2004). Helping refugees: An introduction to UNHCR. Retrieved September 22, 2006, from http://www.unhcr.org/cgi-bin/texis/vtx/basics/opendoc.htm?tbl=BASICS&id=420cc0432

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. (2005). UNHCR Global Report 2005. Retrieved October 8, 2006, from http://www.unhcr.org/cgi-bin/texis/vtx/template?page=publ&src=static/gr2005/gr2005toc.htm

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. (2006a). Afghans in Pakistan get registered for first ever identification. Retrieved October 18, 2006, from http://www.unhcr.org/news/NEWS/453391fd4.html

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. (2006b). The state of the world’s refugees 2006: Human displacement in the new millennium. Retrieved October 8, 2006, from http://www.unhcr.org/cgi-bin/texis/vtx/publ/opendoc.htm?tbl=PUBL&id=4444d3cc2

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. (2006c). 2005 Global refugee trends. Retrieved September 22, 2006, from http://www.unhcr.org/cgi-bin/texis/vtx/statistics/opendoc.pdf?tbl=STATISTICS&id=4486ceb12

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Wali, S., Gould, E., & Fitzgerald, P. (2005). The impact of political conflict on women: The case of Afghanistan. In P. S. Rothenberg (Ed.), Beyond borders: Thinking critically about global issues (pp. 311–315). New York: Worth Publishers.

Ward, J., & Marsh, M. (2006). Sexual violence against women and girls in war and its aftermath: Realities, responses, and required resources. Retrieved August 30, 2006, from http://www.unfpa.org/emergencies/symposium06/docs/finalbrusselsbriefingpaper.pdf

Wilgoren, J. (2005, June 4). Refugees in limbo: Ordered out of U.S., but with nowhere to go. The New York Times, p. A1, A9.

Chapter Six

Activists urge action against HIV/AIDS for India’s young. (2002). Contemporary Sexuality, 36(12), 9.

Agha, S. (2002). An evaluation of the effectiveness of a peer sexual health intervention among secondary-school students in Zambia. AIDS Education and Prevention, 14(4), 269–281.

Altman, L. K. (2006, May 31). Report shows AIDS epidemic slowdown in 2005. New York Times. Retrieved June 7, 2006, from http://www.nytimes.com

Altman, L. K. (2006, August 14). AIDS effort in Zambia hailed as a success. New York Times. Retrieved August 14, 2006, from http://www.nytimes.com

Altman, L. K. (2006, August 16). An official puts focus on children at AIDS talks. New York Times. Retrieved August 16, 2006, from http://www.nytimes.com

Altman, L. K. (2006, August 19). U.N. official assails South Africa on its response to AIDS. New York Times, p. A3.

Altman, L. K. (2007, February 1). Tests of drug to block H.I.V. infection are halted over safety. New York Times. Retrieved February 1, 2007, from http://www.nytimes.com

Berry, S. (2006). HIV and AIDS in Uganda. Retrieved February 24, 2006, from http://www.avert.org/aidsuganda.htm

Bhattacharya, G. (2004). Sociocultural and behavioral contexts of condom use in heterosexual married couples in India: Challenges to the HIV prevention program. Health Education and Behavior, 31(1), 101–117.

Bryceson, D. F., & Fonseca, J. (2005). Risking death for survival: Peasant response to hunger and HIV/AIDS in Malawi. Retrieved February 24, 2006, from http://www.ifpri.org/events/conferences/2005/durban/papers/brycesonWP.pdf

(p.222) Campbell, C., Foulis, C. A., Maimame, S., & Sibiya, Z. (2005). “I have an evil child at my house”: Stigma and HIV/AIDS management in a South African community. American Journal of Public Health, 95(5), 808–815.

Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). (2005). Malawi. Retrieved December 31, 2005, from http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/mi.html

Commission on HIV=AIDS and governance in Africa. (n.d.). The impacts of HIV/AIDSonfamilies and communities in Africa. Retrieved March 18, 2006, from http://www.uneca.org/chga/doc/impact_family.pdf

D’Adesky, A. (2004). Moving mountains: The race to treat global AIDS. New York: Verso.

D’Agnes, T. (2001). From condoms to cabbages: An authorized biography of Mechai Viravaidya. Bangkok: Post Books.

Doctors Without Borders. (2005a). MSF’s projects for people with HIV/AIDS. Retrieved February 11, 2006, from http://www.doctorswithoutborders.org/news/hiv-aids/hiv-aids.htm

Doctors Without Borders. (2005b). Improving AIDS care. Retrieved February 11, 2006, from http://www.doctorswithoutborders.org/news/malawi.cfm

Doctors Without Borders. (2005, November 1). AIDS in Malawi: Tuesday is children’s day. Retrieved August 19, 2006, from http://www.doctorswithoutborders.org/news/2005/11-01-2005_1.htm

Doctors Without Borders. (2005, November 21). Living with HIV/AIDS in China. Retrieved February 11, 2006, from http://www.doctorswithoutborders.org/news/2005/11-21-2005.cfm

Doctors Without Borders. (2005, December 10). The second wave of the access crisis:Unaffordable AIDS drug prices … again. Retrieved February 11, 2006, from http://www.doctorswithoutborders.org/news/hiv-aids/briefing_doc_12-10-2005.htm

Dugger, C. W. (2004, November 26). Africa needs more health workers, report says. New York Times, p. A18.

Dugger, C. W. (2006, August 6). Cheap solutions cut AIDS toll for poor Kenyan youths. New York Times, p. A13.

Elmer-DeWitt, P. (2005, November 7). Champion of the poor. Time. Retrieved February 11, 2006, from Academic Search Premier database.

Evans, R. (2002). Poverty, HIV, and barriers to education: Street children’s experiences in Tanzania. Gender and Development, 10(3), 51–62.

Farmer, P. (2005). Pathologies of power: Health, human rights, and the new war on the poor. Los Angeles: University of California Press.

Fattah, H. M. (2006, August 8). Saudi Arabia begins to face its hidden AIDS problem. New York Times, p. A3.

(p.223) Feachem, R. (2004). Financing global public health: Innovation and investment. Retrieved February 23, 2006, from http://www.theglobalfund.org/en/media_center/speeches/speech_feachem_040411.asp

Fighting AIDS in China. (2003). Asia Pacific Biotech News, 7(19), 1206–1209.

Gausset, Q. (2001). AIDS and cultural practices in Africa: The case of the Tonga (Zambia). Social Science and Medicine, 52, 509–518.

Greene, S. (2006). Dairy cows fuel hopes of young and old Ethiopians. Oxfam America. Retrieved August 12, 2006, from http://www.oxfamamerica.org/whatwedo/where_we_work/ethopia/news_publications/feature_story.2006-02-09.7528638719

Grieg, F. E., & Koopman, C. (2003). Multilevel analysis of women’s empowerment and HIV prevention: Quantitative survey results from a preliminary study in Botswana. AIDS and Behavior, 7(2), 195–208.

Haitian Ministries for the Norwich Diocese. (n.d.). La Maison l’Arc-en-Ciel (Rainbow House). Retrieved June 9, 2006, from http://www.haitianministries.org/la_maison_larc-en-ciel.php

Harman, D. (2002, November 15). How AIDS brings famine nearer. Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved January 7, 2005, from http://www.csmonitor.com

Human Rights Watch. (2004). Future forsaken: Abuses against children affected by HIV/AIDS in India. Retrieved February 24, 2006, from http://hrw.org/reports/2004/india0704

Human Rights Watch. (2005). The less they know, the better: Abstinence-only HIV/AIDS programs in Uganda. Retrieved March 18, 2006, from http://hrw.org/reports/2005/uganda0305/uganda0305.pdf

Human Rights Watch. (2006). D. R. Congo: Election poses dangers for street children. Retrieved June 7, 2006, from http://hrw.org/english/docs/2006/04/01/congo13111_txt.htm

Irish Red Cross. (2003). Malawi needs our help. Retrieved January 3, 2006, from http://www.redcross.ie/news/review/2003/0303c.html

Johns Hopkins University. (2005). Malawi. Retrieved February 26, 2006, from http://www.jhuccp.org/africa/malawi

Kakuchi, S. (2006, January 9). HIV breeds on complacent attitudes among youth. Inter Press Service News Agency. Retrieved January 9, 2006, from http://www.ipsnews.net/print.asp?idnews=31235

Kanabus, A. (2005). HIV and AIDS in China. Retrieved on August 25, 2005, from http://www.avert.org/aidschina.htm

Kanabus, A., & Fredriksson, J. (2005). HIV and AIDS in Thailand. Retrieved on August 25, 2005, from http://www.avert.org/aidsthai.htm

Kaufman, C. E., Clark, S., Manzini, N., & May, J. (2004). Communities, opportunities, and adolescents’ sexual behavior in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Studies in Family Planning, 35(4), 261–274.

(p.224) Kidder, T. (2003). Mountains beyond mountains: The quest of Dr. Paul Farmer, a man who would cure the world. New York: Random House.

Kumar, S. (2005, December 30). Gov’t may gift free drugs to the poor in the new year. Mumbai Mirror. Retrieved January 2, 2006, from http://www.mumbaimirror.com

LaFraniere, S. (2004, June 14). Mandatory tests bolster Botswana’s war on AIDS. New York Times. Retrieved February 24, 2006, from http://www.nytimes.com

LaFraniere, S. (2005, May 11). AIDS now compels Africa to challenge widow’s ‘cleansing.’ New York Times. Retrieved January 3, 2006, from http://www.nytimes.com

LaFraniere, S. (2005, June 3). AIDS, pregnancy and poverty trap ever more African girls. New York Times. Retrieved June 8, 2005, from http://www.nytimes.com

LaFraniere, S. (2005, October 25). U.N. envoy sharply criticizes South Africa’s AIDS program. New York Times, p. A9.

LaFraniere, S. (2005, December 30). Women’s rights laws and African custom clash. New York Times. Retrieved January 3, 2006, from http://www.nytimes.com

LaFraniere, S. (2006, March 8). Slowly, Africa starts to care for AIDS children. New York Times, pA1, A8.

LaFraniere, S. (2006, April 27). Circumcision studied in Africa as AIDS preventive. New York Times. Retrieved June 9, 2006, from Lexis/Nexis Database.

Lim, S., & Cameron, M. (2004). Reducing HIV/AIDS prevalence: A dynamic model of labour migration in Northeast Thailand. Paper presented at the annual conference of the New Zealand Association of Economists, Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved June 7, 2006, from http://www.nzae.org.nz/conferences/2004/95-Lim-Cameron.pdf

Luke, N. (2005). Confronting the ‘sugar daddy’ stereotype: Age and economic asymmetries and risky sexual behavior in urban Kenya. International Family Planning Perspectives, 31(1), 6–14.

Lwanda, J. (2003). The (in)visibility of HIV/AIDS in the Malawi public sphere. African Journal of AIDS Research, 2(2), 113–126.

Lwanda, J. (2005). Politics, culture and medicine in Malawi: Historical continuities and ruptures with special references to HIV/AIDS. Zomba, Malawi: Kachere Series.

Lwanda, J. L. (2004). Politics, culture, and medicine: An unholy trinity? Historical continuities and ruptures in the HIV/AIDS story in Malawi. In E. Kalipeni, S. Craddock, J. R. Oppong, & J. Ghosh (Eds.), HIV and AIDS in Africa: Beyond Epidemiology (pp. 29–42). Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers.

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Mattson, C. L., Bailey, R. C., Muga, R.,Poulussen R., & Onyango, T. (2005). Acceptability of male circumcision and predictors of circumcision preference among men and women in Nyanza Province, Kenya. AIDS Care, 17(2), 182–194.

McCoy, D., Chopra, M., Loewenson, R., Aitken, J., Ngulube, T., Muula, A. et al. (2005). Expanding access to antiretroviral therapy in Sub-Saharan Africa: Avoiding the pitfalls and dangers, capitalizing on the opportunities. American Journal of Public Health, 95(1), 18–22.

McNeil, D. G. (2005, January 26). A path to cheaper AIDS drugs for poor nations. New York Times. Retrieved January 26, 2005, from http://www.nytimes.com

McNeil, D. G. (2005, March 24). India alters law on drug patents. New York Times. Retrieved March 24, 2005, from http://www.nytimes.com

McNeil, D. G. (2005, April 12). Clinton starts AIDS drug plan. New York Times, p. D2.

McNeil, D. G. (2006, January 12). Clinton Foundation strikes deal on cutting AIDS treatment costs. New York Times, p. A11.

Mitchell, A. (2005, January 27). Doctors leave poor nations, report says. The Patriot News, p. A10.

Mutume, G. (2001). Malawi battles AIDS orphan nightmare. Africa Recovery. Retrieved January 3, 2006, from http://www.un.org/ecosocdeve/geninfo/afrec/vol15no3/153chil5.htm

National AIDS Commission. (2003). HIV/AIDS in Malawi. Retrieved January 3, 2006, from http://www.synergyaids.com/documents/MAL_AIDS.pdf

Nullis, C. (2005, May 6). South African official touts nutrition over anti-AIDS drugs. The Patriot News, p. A12.

One in four urban girls less than 14 yrs old has experienced sex. (2005, December 30). Mumbai Mirror. Retrieved January 2, 2006, from http://www.mumbaimirror.com

Osava, M. (2005, November 30). Brazil: Well on the way to eliminating maternal transmission of HIV. Inter-Press Service News Agency. Retrieved January 9, 2006, from http://www.ipsnews.net/print.asp?idnews=31243

Panos. (n.d.). UNGASS monitoring: Malawi. Retrieved August 8, 2006, from http://www.panosaids.org/publications/ungass_malawi_prelim.pdf

Partners in Health. (2006). Next stop: Lesotho. Retrieved August 9, 2006, from http://www.pih.org/Lesotho-july2006.html

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Pettifor, A. E., Measham, D. M., Rees, H. V., & Padian, N. S. (2004). Sexual power and HIV risk, South AfricaEmerging Infectious Diseases, 10(11). Retrieved March 17, 2006, from http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/eid/vol10no11/04-0252.htm

Pettifor, A. E., Rees, H. V., Kleinschmidt, I., Steffenson, A. E., MacPhail, C., Hlongwa-Madikizela, L., et al. (2005). Young people’s sexual health in South Africa: HIV prevalence and sexual behaviors from a nationally representative household survey. AIDS, 19(14), 1525–1534

Phiri, Z. (2002). Inculturating African widowhood rites. Retrieved January 22, 2006, from http://www.jctr.org.zm/bulletins/incult-widows.htm

Plusnews. (2003, March 28). Traditional culture spreading HIV/AIDS. Retrieved January 3, 2006, from http://new.hst.org.za/news/index.php/20030401

Rajaraman, D., Russell, S., & Heymann, J. (2006). HIV/AIDS, income loss and economic survival in Botswana. AIDS Care, 18(7), 656–662.

Rankin, S. H., Lindgren, T., Rankin, W. W., & Ng’oma, J. (2005). Donkey work: Women, religion and HIV/AIDS in Malawi. Health Care for Women International, 26, 4–16.

Record HIV/STI rates prompt government ads in England. (2002). Contemporary Sexuality, 36(7), 7–8.

Reed, J. (2005, December 29). Stumbling towards tragedy in Malawi. Business Week. Retrieved January 3, 2006, from http://allafrica.com/stories/printable/200512290392.html

Reidpath, D. D., & Chan, K. Y. (2005). HIV discrimination: Integrating the results from a six-country situational analysis in the Asia Pacific. AIDS Care, 17 (Supplement 2), S195–S204.

Renwick, N. (2002). The ‘nameless fever’: The HIV/AIDS pandemic and China’s women. Third World Quarterly, 23(2), 377–393.

Rinaldo, R. (2004, February 18). Culture-Uganda: A price above rubies. Inter-Press Service. Retrieved August 7, 2006, from http://www.aegis.com/news/ips/2004/IP040219.html

Rosenberg, T. (2006, August 6). When a pill is not enough. New York Times. Retrieved August 7, 2006, from http://www.nytimes.com

Roth, J., Krishnan, S. P., & Bunch, E. (2001). Barriers to condom use: Results from a study in Mumbai (Bombay), India. AIDS Education and Prevention, 13(1), 65–77.

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Sachdev, P. (1998). AIDS/HIV and university students in Delhi, India: Knowledge, beliefs, attitudes and behaviors. Social Work in Health Care, 26(4), 37–57.

Safman, R. M. (2004). Assessing the impact of orphanhood on Thai children affected by AIDS and their caregivers. AIDS Care, 16(1), 11–19.

Sudha, R. T., Vijay, D. T., & Lakshmi, V. (2005). Awareness, attitudes and beliefs of the general public towards HIV/AIDS in Hyderabad, a capital city from south India. Indian Journal of Medical Sciences, 59(7), 307–316.

A. (2005, May 17). Mums-to-be shun Malawi HIV tests. BBC News. Retrieved January 21, 2006, from http://news.bbc.co.uk/!/hi/world/africa/4551767.stm

Sunmola, A. M. (2005). Sexual practices, barriers to condom use and its consistent use among long distance truck drivers in Nigeria. AIDS Care, 17(2), 208–221.

Tang, A. (2005, October 3). AIDS believed on the rise again in Thailand. Associated Press. Retrieved February 12, 2006, from Lexis/Nexis database.

Thompson, D. (2005). China confronts HIV/AIDS. Retrieved October 18, 2005, from http://www.prb.org/pdf05/ChinaConfrontsHIVAIDS.pdf

Tlilane, N. K. (2004). Healthcare funding problems in Algeria. International Social Security Review, 57, 91–110.

U.N. AIDS. (2004a). Women and AIDS—A growing challenge. Retrieved December 31, 2005, from http://www.unaids.org/NetTools/Misc/DocInfo.aspx?LANG=en&href=http://gva-doc-owl/WEBcontent/Documents/pub/Publications/Fact-Sheets04/FS_Women_en.pdf

U.N. AIDS. (2004b). 2004 report on the global AIDS epidemic. Retrieved March 17, 2006, from http://www.unaids.org/bangkok2004/GAR2004_html/ExecSummary_en/Execsumm_en.pdf

U.N. AIDS. (2004c). UNAIDS at country level. Retrieved March 19, 2006, from http://www.unaids.org/en/Regions_Countries/Countries/malawi.asp

U.N. AIDS. (2005a). Women and girls bear brunt of AIDS worldwide, UN rights experts recall. Retrieved December 31, 2005, from http://www.unhchr.ch/huricane/huricane.nsf/view01/74F1E47D756C89E5C12570CA003357F7?opendocument

U.N. AIDS. (2005b). AIDS in Africa: Three scenarios to 20250. Retrieved January 3, 2006, from http://www.unaids.org/unaids_resources/images/AIDSScenarios/AIDS-scenarios-2025_report_en.pdf

(p.228) U.N. AIDS. (2005c). Educate girls, fight AIDS. Retrieved January 3, 2006, from http://www.ungei.org/docs_resources/gwca_fs_girls_education_issue_eng.pdf

U.N. AIDS (2005d). The female AIDS epidemic: 2005. Retrieved March 11, 2006, from http://womenandaids.unaids.org/womenandaidsnovfin.doc

U.N. AIDS. (2006a). 2006 report on the global AIDS epidemic. Retrieved June 9, 2006, from http://www.unaids.org/en/HIV_data/2006GlobalReport/default.asp

U.N. AIDS. (2006b). Economic security for women key to HIV prevention. Retrieved April 19, 2006, from http://www.unaids.org/en/MediaCentre/PressMaterials/FeatureStory/20060308-economicsecurity.asp

U.N. AIDS (n.d.a). Economic security for women fights AIDS. Retrieved March 11, 2006, from http://data.unaids.org/pub/BriefingNote/2006/20060308_BN_GCWA_en.pdf

U.N. AIDS. (n.d.b). Preventing HIV infection in girls and young women. Retrieved January 3, 2006, from http://womenandaids.org/resources/default.html

U.N. AIDS. (n.d.c). Microbicides, women and AIDS. Retrieved January 3, 2006, from http://womenandaids.org/resources/default.html

UNICEF. (2005). Zimbabwe’s HIV infection rate falls, but much still to be done. Retrieved June 7, 2006, from http://www.unicef.org/infobycountry/media_28660.html

UNICEF. (n.d.a). HIV/AIDS is Haiti’s constant crisis. Retrieved January 2, 2006, from http://www.unicef.org/emerg/haiti/index_haitis_constant_crisis.html

UNICEF. (n.d.b). China: ‘Four frees and one care.’ Retrieved January 21, 2006, from http://www.unicef.org/uniteforchildren/press/press_29119.htm

UNICEF. (n.d.c). About the campaign. Retrieved March 18, 2006, from http://www.unicef.org/uniteforchildren/makeadifference/makediff_29274.htm

UNICEF. (n.d.d). At a glance: China. AIDS campaign gather momentum in China. Retrieved January 21, 2006, from http://www.unicef.org/infobycountry/china_30750.html

UNICEF. (n.d.e). Malawi: Monica’s struggle for education. Retrieved January 21, 2006, from http://www.unicef.org/uniteforchildren/press/press_29116.htm

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). (2004). Opinion poll on HIV/AIDS Thailand. Retrieved February 23, 2006, from http://www.undp.or.th/docs/OpinionPollAIDS.pdf

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). (2005). Country fact sheets: Malawi. Retrieved December 31, 2005, from http://hdr.undp.org/statis-statistics/data/country_fact_sheets/cty_fs_MWI.html

(p.229) U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). (2005). Health profile: Malawi. Retrieved January 3, 2006, from http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/global_health/aids/Countries/Africa/malawi_05.pdf

U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). (n.d.). Macro: Offering free HIV testing and meeting growing demand for information on AIDS. Retrieved January 3, 2006, from http://www.usaid.gov/mw/news_and_press/events_news.htm

Van, K., & Dung, T. (2006, February 8). Street children miss HIV/AIDS fight. VietNam News. Retrieved February 10, 2006, from http://www.asianewsnet.net/print_template.php?news_id=52190&13sec=12

van Amerongen, A., & van Kesteren, G. (2000). Mwendanjangula! AIDS in Zambia. Cape Town, South Africa: David Philip.

Waldman, A. (2005, December 6). On India’s roads, cargo and a deadly passenger. New York Times. Retrieved March 18, 2006, from LexisNexis database.

Wax, E. (2005, October 7). Virginity becomes a commodity in Uganda’s war against AIDS. Washington Post. Retrieved October 10, 2005, from http://www.washingtonpost.com

Weissman, A., Cocker, J., Sherburne, L., Powers, M. B., Lovich, R., & Mukaka, M. (n.d.). Cross-generational relationships: Using a ‘continuum of volition in HIV prevention work among young people. Retrieved January 11, 2006, from http://www.savethechildren.org/publications/Cross_Generational_Relationships.pdf

Wines, M., & LaFraniere, S. (2004, November 28). Hut by hut, AIDS steals life in a southern Africa town. New York Times, p. A1, A14, A15.

World Bank. (1997). Confronting AIDS: Public priorities in a global epidemic. Retrieved February 23, 2006, from http://www.worldbank.org/aids-econ/confront

World Food Programme. (2006). World hunger—Malawi. Retrieved March 19, 2006, from http://www.wfp.org/country_brief/indexcountry.asp?region=3&section=9&sub_section=3&country=454

Yardley, J. (2006, January 25). New survey reduces estimate of AIDS and HIV cases in China. New York Times. Retrieved January 25, 2006, from http://www.nytimes.com

Chapter Seven

Afkhami, M. (2001). Gender apartheid, cultural relativism, and women’s human rights in Muslim societies. In M. Agosín (Ed.), Women, gender and human rights: A global perspective (pp. 234–245). New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.

(p.230) Agosín, M. (2001). Introduction. In M. Agosín (Ed.), Women, gender and human rights: A global perspective (pp. 1–11). New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.

Aminuzzaman, S., Baldersheim, H., & Jamil, I. (2003). Talking back! Empowerment and mobile phones in rural Bangladesh: A study of the Village Phone Scheme of Grameen Bank. Contemporary South Asia, 12(3), 327–348.

Amnesty International. (2004a). Making violence against women count. Retrieved August 25, 2006, from http://web.amnesty.org/library/pdf/ACT770362004ENGLISH/$File/ACT7703604.pdf

Amnesty International. (2004b). Saudi Arabia: Women’s exclusion from elections undermines progress. Retrieved September 9, 2006, from http://web.amnesty.org/library/index/engMDE230152004?open&of=eng-SAU.

Arenson, K. W. (2005, November 4). Tufts is getting gift of $100 million, with rare strings. New York Times, p. A16.

Ash, L. (2003, July 16). India’s dowry deaths. Retrieved August 26, 2006, from http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/programmes/crossing_continents/3071963.stm

Association for Women’s Rights in Development. (2002a). The convention on the eliminations of all forms of discrimination against women and the optional protocol. Retrieved September 11, 2006, from http://www.awid.org/publications/primers/factsissues2.pdf

Association for Women’s Rights in Development. (2002b). The World Bank and women’s rights in development. Retrieved September 9, 2006, from http://www.awid.org/publications/primers/factsissues5.pdf

Ayton-Shenker, D. (1995). The challenge of human rights and cultural relativism. Retrieved June 24, 2005, from http://www.un.org/rights/dpi1627e.htm

Balatchandirane, G. (2003). Gender discrimination in education and economic development: A study of South Korea, China and India. International Studies, 40(4), 349–378.

Benard, C. (2002). Veiled courage: Inside the Afghan women’s resistance. New York: Broadway Books.

Bernasek, A. (2003). Banking on social change: Grameen Bank lending to women. International Journal of Politics, Culture and Society, 16(3), 369–385.

Bhatt, E. (2006). We are poor but so many: The story of self-employed women in India. New York: Oxford University Press.

Bilefsky, D. (2006, July 16). How to avoid honor killing in Turkey? Honor suicide. New York Times. Retrieved July 18, 2006, from http://www.nytimes.com.

Brodsky, A. (2003). With all our strength. New York: Routledge.

Bruni, F. (2004, February 1). Doctor in Italy tries to ease pain of an African tradition. New York Times, p. A3.

(p.231) Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). (2006). The world factbook: Bangladesh. Retrieved September 8, 2006, from http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/bg.html

Coleman, I. (2005). Development: The payoff from women’s rights. In R. J. Griffiths (Ed.), Developing World 05/06: Annual editions (pp. 191–196). Dubuque, IA: McGraw/Hill.

Damore, K. (2004). Pulling their own purse strings. Retrieved February 10, 2006, from http://www.oxfamamerica.org/whatwedo/where_we_wrok/west_africa/news_publications/art7176.html

Dauer, S. (2001). Indivisibleorinvisible:Women’s human rightsinthepublicand private sphere. In M. Agosín (Ed.), Women, gender and human rights:Aglobal perspective (pp. 65–82). New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.

Develtere, P., & Huybrects, A. (2005). The impact of microcredit on the poor of Bangladesh. Alternatives, 30, 165–189.

Devraj, R. (2003). A murderous arithmetic. Retrieved August 26, 2006, from http://www.indiatogether.org/2003/jul/wom-girls.htm

Faith, N. (2004, September 19). Iran moves to roll back rights won by women. New York Times, p. A17.

Gall, C. (2004, March 8). For more Afghan women, immolation is escape. New York Times, p. A1.

Gall, C. (2006, September 25). Gunmen kill Afghan women’s advocate. New York Times. Retrieved September 26, 2006, from http://www.nytimes.com

Gooneratne, A. (2005, December 8). Microcredit poised to reach 100 million families. Inter Press Service News Agency. Retrieved January 9, 2006, from http://www.ipsnews.net

Grameen Bank. (2002). A short history of Grameen Bank. Retrieved September 2, 2006, from http://www.grameen-info.org/bank/hist.html

Grameen Bank. (2006a). Grameen Bank. Retrieved September 2, 2006, from http://www.grameen-info.org/bank.index.html

Grameen Bank. (2006b). The 16 decisions of Grameen Bank. Retrieved September 2, 2006, from http://www.grameen-info.org/bank/the16.html

Hayford, S. R. (2005). Conformity andchange:Communityeffectsonfemale genital cutting in Kenya. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 46(2), 121–140.

Homolo, V. (2006, April 14). Turkish man sentenced in “honor killing” of sister. New York Times. Retrieved August 27, 2006, from http://www.nytimes.com

Human Rights Watch. (2005). CEDAW: The women’s treaty. Retrieved August 24, 2006, from http://www.hrw.org/campaigns/cedaw

Human Rights Watch. (2006). Forms of violence against women in Pakistan. Retrieved August 26, 2006, from http://www.hrw.org/campaigns/pakistan/.forms.htm

(p.232) In the name of honor: A memoir. (n.d.). Retrieved September 11, 2006, from http://www.simonsays.com/content/book.cfm?tab=3&pid=521668

Jha, P., Kumar, R., Vasa, P., Dhingra, N., Thiruchelvam, D., & Moineddin, R. (2006). Low male-to-female sex ratio of children born in India: National survey of 1.1 million households. Lancet, 367, 211–218.

Kahn, J. (2006, June 1). Crackdown on abortion of girls. New York Times. Retrieved August 26, 2006, from http://www.nytimes.com

Kassindja, F. (1998). Do they hear you when you cry? New York: Dell.

Kaur, G. (2006). Foeticide journeys. Retrieved August 26, 2006, from http://www.indiatogether.org/2006/aug/wom-usfoet.htm

Kishwar, M. P. (2005). Destined to fail. Manushi, 148. Retrieved August 26, 2006, from http://www.indiatogether.org/manushi/issue148.dowry.htm

Kristof, N. (2002, April 26). Devastated women. New York Times. Retrieved September 13, 2006, from http://www.nytimes.com

Kristof, N. (2005, March 5). When rapists walk free. New York Times. Retrieved September 13, 2006, from http://www.nytimes.com

LaFraniere, S. (2005, September 28). Nightmare for African women: Birthing injury and little help. New York Times. Retrieved September 28, 2005, from http://www.nytimes.com

Lederer, E. M. (2004). Eighty-five nations endorse U.N. population agenda, but Bush administration refuses to sign. Associated Press. Retrieved August 24, 2006, from LexisNexis database.

Leidl, P. (2006). Dying to give life: Maternal mortality in Afghanistan. Retrieved August 26, 2006, from http://www.unfpa.org/news/news.cfm?ID=822&Language=1

Mansoor, W. (2002). The mission of RAWA: Freedom, democracy, human rights. In S. Mehta (Ed.), Women for Afghan women: Shattering myths and claiming the future (pp. 68–83). New York: Palgrave.

McCloskey, L. A., Williams, C., & Larsen, U. (2005). Gender inequality and intimate partner violence among women in Moshi, Tanzania. International Family Planning Perspectives, 31(3), 124–130.

Merry, S. E. (2001). Women, violence, and the human rights system. In M. Agosı´n (Ed.), Women, gender and human rights: A global perspective (pp. 83–97). New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.

“No Dowry” campaign launched. (2002). Retrieved October 10, 2005, from http://www.indiatogether.org/women/dowry/campaign.htm

Oldenburg, V. T. (2002). Dowry murder: The imperial origins of a cultural crime. New York: Oxford University Press.

Onolemhemhen, D. N. (2005). A social worker’s investigation of childbirth-injured women in northern Nigeria. New York: University Press of America.

(p.233) Person of the week: Mukhtar Mai. (2005, October 21). ABC News. Retrieved September 11, 2006, from http://abcnews.go.com/WNT/print?id=1237950

Population Reference Bureau. (2005). Unsafe abortion: Facts and figures. Retrieved October 18, 2005, from http://www.prb.org/Template.cfm?Section=PRB&template=/ContentManagement/ContentDisplay.cfm&ContentID=12766

Rani, M., Bonu, S., & Diop-Sidibé, N. (2004). An empirical investigation of attitudes towards wife beating among men and women in seven sub-Saharan African countries. African Journal of Reproductive Health, 8(3), 116–136.

Retreat on criminalizing gender abortions. (2006, June 27). New York Times. Retrieved July 1, 2006, from http://www.nytimes.com

Revolutionary Women’s Association of Afghanistan(RAWA). (n.d.). About RAWA. Retrieved September 10, 2006, from http://www.rawa.org/rawa.html

Ryan, W. A. (2006). Fistula repair facility brings hope to the outcast. Retrieved August 26, 2006, from http://www.unfpa.org/news/news.cfm?ID=818

Salhi, Z. S. (2003). Algerian women, citizenship, and the “family code.” Gender and Development, 11(3), 27–35.

Self-Employed Women’s Association. (n.d.). SEWA: Self-Employed Women’s Association. Retrieved September 1, 2006, from http://www.sewa.org

Sev’er, A., & Yurdakul, G. (2005). Culture of honor, culture of change: A feminist analysis of honor killings in rural Turkey. In P. S. Rothenberg (Ed.), Beyond borders: Thinking critically about global issues (pp. 288–306). New York: Worth Publishers.

Sheth, S. S. (2006). Missing female births in India. Lancet, 367, 185–186.

Surtees, R. (2003). Negotiating violence and non-violence in Cambodian marriages. Gender and Development, 11(2), 30–41.

Tanveer, K. (2005, December 29). Pakistani father admits slaying 4 over “honor.” The Patriot-News, p. A9.

UNICEF. (1999). The state of the world’s children 1999: Education. Retrieved September 8, 2006, from http://www.unicef.org/publications/files/pub_sowc99_en.pdf

UNICEF. (2003). Every day, 1400 girls and women die giving birth. Retrieved April 20, 2005, from http://www.unicef.org/media/media_7594.html

UNICEF. (2005). Changing a harmful social convention: Female genital mutilation/cutting. Retrieved August 30, 2006, from http://www.unicef-icdc.org/publications/pdf/fgm-gb-2005.pdf

UNICEF. (n.d.). Factsheet: Female genital mutilation/cutting. Retrieved January 11, 2006, from http://www.unicef.org/protection/files/FGM.pdf

(p.234) United Nations. (2005). Creating an enabling environment for girls’ and women’s participation in education. Retrieved July 24, 2006, from http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/egm/enabling-environment2005/docs/EGM-WPD-EE-2005-EP.8%20%20A.pdf

United Nations. (2006a). CEDAW: States parties. Retrieved August 24, 2006, from http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/cedaw/states.htm

United Nations. (2006b). Reservations to CEDAW. Retrieved August 24, 2006, from http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/cedaw/reservations.htm

United Nations Girls’ Education Initiative (UNGEI). (2006). UNGEI fact sheet. Retrieved September 9, 2006, from http://www.ungei.org/resources/files/ungei_fact_sheet.pdf

United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). (2004). State of the world population 2004. Retrieved August 30, 2006, from http://www.unfpa.org/swp/2004/english/ch1/index.htm

United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). (2005). State of the world population 2005. Retrieved August 30, 2006, from http://www.unfpa.org/upload/lib_pub_file/493_filename_en_swp05.pdf

United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). (2006a). Fast facts: Fistula and reproductive health. Retrieved August 26, 2006, from http://www.endfistula.org/fast_facts.htm

United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). (2006b). 34 million friends of UNFPA. Retrieved September 1, 2006, from http://www.unfpa.org/support/friends/34million.htm

United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). (2006c). From microfinance to macro change: Integrating health education and microfinance to empower women and reduce poverty. Retrieved August 30, 2006, from http://www.unfpa.org/upload/lib_pub_file/530_filename_advocacy.pdf

U.S. Department of State. (2001). Egypt: Report on female genital mutilation (FGM) or female genital cutting (FGC). Retrieved August 26, 2006, from http://www.state.gov/g/wi/rls/rep/crfgm/10096.htm

Van Soest, D., & Crosby, J. (1997). Challenges of violence worldwide. Washington, DC: NASW Press.

Watana wants amendment to family law. (2005, October 16). Bangkok Post. Retrieved October 16, 2005, from http://www.bangkokpost.com

Wipatayotin, A. (2005, November 29). Abuse of women, children soars. Bangkok Post. Retrieved November 29, 2005, from http://www.bangkokpost.com

World Health Organization. (2005). WHO multi-country study on women’s health and domestic violence against women. Retrieved August 26, 2006, from http://www.who.int/gender/violence/who_multicountry_study/summary_report/summary_report_English2.pdf

(p.235) World Health Organization. (2006). Female genital mutilation and obstetric outcome: WHO collaborative prospective study in six African countries. Lancet, l367, 1835–1841.

Xu, X., Zhu, F., O’Campo, P., Koenig, M. A., Mock, V., & Campbell, J. (2005). Prevalence of and risk factors for intimate partner violence in China. American Journal of Public Health, 95(1), 78–85.

Zaman, A. (2005, May 24). Where girls marry rapists for honour. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 10, 2005, from http://www.kwahk.org/index.asp?id=71

Chapter Eight

Barton, C. (2005). Where to for women’s movements and the MDGs? Gender and Development, 13(1), 25–35.

Center for American Women and Politics. (2006). Women officeholders: Fact sheets and summaries. Retrieved August 15, 2006, from http://www.cawp.rutgers.edu/Facts.html#congress

Duff-Brown, B. (2006, August 17). Most HIV patients still lack medicine, scientists say. The Patriot-News, p. A13.

Earth Institute (n.d.). About the Millennium Villages project. Retrieved August 15, 2006, from http://www.earthinstitute.columbia.edu/mvp/about/index.html

Fowler, J. (2004, August 11). U.N. labor agency: Record youth joblessness could boost crime, terror. Associated Press. Retrieved August 19, 2006, from LexisNexis Database.

Gooneratne, A. (2005, December 8). Microcredit poised to reach 100 million families. Inter Press Service News Agency. Retrieved January 9, 2006, from http://www.ipsnews.net

Hayes, C. (2005). Out of the margins: The MDGs through a CEDAW lens. Gender and Development, 13(1), 67–78.

Johnson, R. (2005). Not a sufficient condition: The limited relevance of the gender MDG to women’s progress. Gender and Development, 13(1), 56–66.

Lacquer, W. (2004). The terrorism to come. Policy Review, 126. Retrieved August 19, 2006, from http://www.policyreview.org/aug04/laqueur.html

Millennium Campaign. (2006a). What about the United States? Retrieved August 15, 2006, from http://www.millenniumcampaign.org/atf/cf/{D15FF017-0467-419B-823E-D6659E0CCD39}/WA%20-%20USA%20-%2031-07-06%20-%20POSTED.DOC

Millennium Campaign. (2006b). Collapse of WTO trade talks on the Doha Round. Retrieved August 15, 2006, from http://www.millenniumcampaign.org/site/apps/nl/content3.asp?c=grKVL2NLE&b=1111865&content_id={8D0915E5-FE60-448E-B70F-6B02A8C66DCA}&notoc=1

(p.236) Nolen, S. (2006, March 11). Millennium man. The Globe and Mail. Retrieved August 15, 2006, from http://web.theglobeandmail.com/servlet/story/RTGAM.20060311.wxnolen0311/BNStory/Front/home

One.Org (n.d.). About the campaign. Retrieved August 15, 2006, from http://www.one.org/about

United Nations Development Programme. (2003). Human development report 2003. New York: Oxford University Press.

United Nations Development Programme. (2006). The Millennium Development Goals report 2006. Retrieved August 14, 2006, from http://mdgs.un.org/unsd/mdg/Resources/Static/Products/Progress2006/MDGReport2006.pdf

United Nations Development Programme. (n.d.). About the MDGs: Basics. Retrieved August 12, 2006, from http://www.undp.org/mdg/basics.shtml

United Nations Millennium Campaign. (2006). The 0.7% target: An in-depth look. Retrieved August 13, 2006, from http://www.unmillenniumproject.org/involved/action07.htm

United Nations Millennium Goals Indicators (2006). Millennium Development Goals: 2006 progress chart. Retrieved August 15, 2006, from http://millenniumindicators.un.org/unsd/mdg/Resources/Static/Products/Progress2006/MDGProgressChart2006.pdf

United Nations Population Fund. (2006). From microfinance to macro change: Integrating health education and microfinance to empower women and reduce poverty. Retrieved August 30, 2006, from http://www.unfpa.org/upload/lib_pub_file/530_filename_advocacy.pdf

Chapter Nine

Council on Social Work Education [CSWE]. (2007). Katherine A. Kendall Institute for International Social Work Education. Retrieved February 23, 2007, from http://www.cswe.org/CSWE/centers/kendall

Diaz, L., Mama, R., & Lopez, L. (2006, August). Making the social work profession an essential partner in international development. Paper presented at the biennial conference of the International Federation of Social Workers, Munich, Germany.

Homan, M. S. (2004). Promoting community change: Making it happen in the real world (3rd ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Thomson.

International Federation of Social Workers. (2000). Definition of social work. Retrieved July 19, 2006, from http://www.ifsw.org/en/p38000208.html

Van Soest, D., & Crosby, J. (1997). Challenges of violence worldwide: A curriculum module. Washington, DC: NASW Press.