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Sex Differences in the Brain
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Sex Differences in the Brain: From Genes to Behavior

Jill B. Becker, Karen J. Berkley, Nori Geary, Elizabeth Hampson, James P. Herman, and Elizabeth Young

Abstract

Sex is a fundamentally important biological variable. Recent years have seen significant progress in the integration of sex in many aspects of basic and clinical research, including analyses of sex differences in brain function. Significant advances in the technology available for studying the endocrine and nervous systems are now coupled with a more sophisticated awareness of the interconnections of these two communication systems of the body. A thorough understanding of the current knowledge, conceptual approaches, methodological capabilities, and challenges is a prerequisite to continued pr ... More

Keywords: endocrine system, nervous system, stress systems, pharmacogenetics, neurobiology, neurological disorders

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2007 Print ISBN-13: 9780195311587
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311587.001.0001

Authors

Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Jill B. Becker, editor
University of Michigan

Karen J. Berkley, editor
Florida State University, Tallahasee

Nori Geary, editor
Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich

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Contents

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Part I Strategies, Methods, and Background

Chapter 1 Why Are There Two Sexes?

Turk Rhen, and David Crews

Chapter 3 Research and Methodological Issues in the Study of Sex Differences and Hormone-Behavior Relations

Lisa A. Eckel, Arthur P. Arnold, Elizabeth Hampson, Jill B. Becker, Jeffrey D. Blaustein, and James P. Herman

Chapter 6 Sex Differences in HPA Axis Regulation

Elizabeth A. Young, Ania Korszun, Helmer F. Figueiredo, Matia Banks-Solomon, and James P. Herman

Part II Sex Differences in Neurobiology and Behavior

Chapter 9 Sex Differences in the Organization of Movement

Evelyn F. Field, and Ian Q. Whishaw

Chapter 10 Sex Differences in Motivation

Jill B. Becker, and Jane R. Taylor

Chapter 11 Sex Differences in Neuroplasticity

Csaba Leranth, Neil J. MacLusky, and Tibor Hajszan

Chapter 14 Sex Differences in Children’s Play

Sheri A. Berenbaum, Carol Lynn Martin, Laura D. Hanish, Phillip T. Briggs, and Richard A. Fabes

Chapter 15 Sex Differences in the Neurocognition of Language

Michael T. Ullman, Robbin A. Miranda, and Michelle L. Travers

Part III Sex Differences in the Neurobiology of Disease

Chapter 19 Sex Differences in Pain

Emeran A. Mayer, Jennifer S. Labus, and Karen J. Berkley

Chapter 20 Sex Differences in Anxiety Disorders

Margaret Altemus, and Laura Epstein

Chapter 21 Hormones and Mood

Meir Steiner, and Elizabeth A. Young

Chapter 23 Sex Differences in Parkinson’s Disease

David G. Standaert, and Ippolita Cantuti-Castelvetri

End Matter