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War and Public Health
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War and Public Health

Barry S. Levy and Victor W. Sidel

Abstract

This book has two main purposes. The first is to provide a systemic survey of information on the direct and indirect consequences of war on public health and the roles that health professionals and their organizations can play in preventing war and its consequences. A wide spectrum of other individuals and their organizations, including diplomats, economists, sociologists, and policy makers, also play roles in the prevention of war and its consequences, and can benefit from this information. The second purpose of this book is to help make war and its prevention an integral part of public healt ... More

Keywords: armed conflict, mental health, conventional weapons, nuclear weapons, chemical weapons, biological weapons, landmines, human rights, refugees, internally displaced persons

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2008 Print ISBN-13: 9780195311181
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311181.001.0001

Authors

Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Barry S. Levy, editor
Tufts University School of Medicine

Victor W. Sidel, editor
Albert Einstein Medical College and Montefiore Medical Center

Contents

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I Introduction

1 War and Public Health: An Overview

Barry S. Levy and Victor W. Sidel

II Consequences of War

2 The Epidemiology of War

Richard Garfield

3 War and Human Rights

George J. Annas and H. Jack Geiger

III Types of Weapons

6 Conventional Weapons

Wendy Cukier

7 Landmines

Susannah Sirkin, James C. Cobey, and Eric Stover

8 Chemical Weapons

Ernest C. Lee and Stefanos N. Kales

9 Biological Weapons

Barry S. Levy and Victor W. Sidel

10 Nuclear Weapons

Patrice M. Sutton and Robert M. Gould

IV Vulnerable Populations

11 The Impact of War on Children

Joanna Santa Barbara

12 The Impact of War on Women

Mary-Wynne Ashford

13 Displaced Persons and War

Michael J. Toole

14 Detainees and the New Face of Torture

Leonard S. Rubenstein and Stephen N. Xenakis

V Specific Wars

15 The Iraq War

Barry S. Levy and Victor W. Sidel

16 The War in Chechnya

Khassan Baiev

17 War in the Democratic Republic of Congo

Les Roberts and Charles Lubula Muganda

18 Wars in Latin America

Charlie Clements and Tim K. Takaro

19 The Vietnam War

Myron Allukian, Jr., and Paul L. Atwood

VI Prevention of War and its Health Consequences

21 International Law

Peter Weiss

25 The Roles of Health Professionals in Postconflict Situations

Susannah Sirkin, Susanna Facci Calì, and Mary Ellen Keough

27 Educating Health Professionals on Peace and Human Rights

Neil Arya, Caecilie Böck Buhmann, and Klaus Melf

28 Toward a Culture of Peace

Mary-Wynne Ashford