Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Textbook of Cancer Epidemiology$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Hans-Olov Adami, David Hunter, and Dimitrios Trichopoulos

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195311174

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311174.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see http://www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 19 July 2018

Concepts in Cancer Epidemiology and Etiology

Concepts in Cancer Epidemiology and Etiology

(p.127) 6 Concepts in Cancer Epidemiology and Etiology
Textbook of Cancer Epidemiology

Pagona Lagiou

Dimitrios Trichopoulos

Hans-Olov Adami

Oxford University Press

Manipulation of exposures in humans, many of which may be harmful, is frequently infeasible, unethical or both. Therefore, epidemiologists have to base their inferences on experiments that humans subjects themselves to intentionally, naturally, or even unconsciously. Because human life is characterized by a myriad of complex, often interrelated behaviors and exposures—ranging from genetic traits and features of the intrauterine environment to growth rate, physical activity, sexual practices, use of tobacco, alcohol and pharmaceutical compounds, dietary intake, exposure to infections, environmental pollutants, and occupational hazards, and so on—epidemiologic investigation is difficult and challenging. Despite this complexity, it is reassuring that a wealth of new knowledge has been generated by epidemiologic studies over the last few decades. This knowledge now lays the scientific ground for primary prevention of many major cancers and other chronic diseases among humans globally.

Keywords:   inference, behavior, exposure, confounding, complexity, primary prevention

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .