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Textbook of Cancer Epidemiology$
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Hans-Olov Adami, David Hunter, and Dimitrios Trichopoulos

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195311174

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311174.001.0001

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Leukemias

Leukemias

Chapter:
(p.694) 28 Leukemias
Source:
Textbook of Cancer Epidemiology
Author(s):

Eleni Petridou

Apostolos Pourtsidis

Dimitrios Trichopoulos

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311174.003.0028

Limited progress has been made in identifying the causes of leukemia. A major causal role of nonionizing radiation, specific occupations, and common lifestyle variables have been dismissed. An environmental chemical might be responsible for one or more forms of leukemia, but it is unlikely that such a factor(s) could explain more than a small fraction of leukemia cases. It seems more likely that an unidentified virus or another biological agent underlies the occurrence of many, even most, cases of leukemia, particularly childhood leukemia.

Keywords:   radiation, occupation, environmental chemicals, virus, immunity

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