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Textbook of Cancer Epidemiology$
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Hans-Olov Adami, David Hunter, and Dimitrios Trichopoulos

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195311174

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311174.001.0001

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Brain Cancer

Brain Cancer

Chapter:
(p.617) 24 Brain Cancer
Source:
Textbook of Cancer Epidemiology
Author(s):

David A. Savitz

Dimitrios Trichopoulos

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311174.003.0024

Rates of brain cancer tend to be higher in North America and western Europe than in Asia and South America. Studies of such lifestyle factors as tobacco, alcohol, and diet have yielded inconsistent results and an overall impression that little or no association exists. The only established exogenous cause of brain cancer is ionizing radiation, as demonstrated in populations exposed to high doses by the atomic bomb or medical treatment, accounting for only a small proportion of cases. However, studies of populations with lower exposures incurred through occupation or diagnostic x-rays provide mixed findings regarding an increased risk of brain cancer.

Keywords:   tobacco, alcohol, ionizing radiation, genetics, environment

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