What Is a Neural Correlate of Consciousness?
The cornerstone of recent work in the neuroscience of consciousness has been the search for the “neural correlate of consciousness” (NCC). This phrase refers to the neural system or systems primarily associated with conscious experience. This chapter addresses conceptual issues about what it is to be an NCC. The question generates all sorts of interesting puzzles: Must there be one neural correlate of consciousness, or might there be many? How strong a correlation is required? Over what range of cases? The chapter addresses these questions and a number of others, and puts forward a proposal for understanding the notion of an NCC.
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