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Residential Care of ChildrenComparative Perspectives$
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Mark E. Courtney and Dorota Iwaniec

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195309188

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309188.001.0001

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Residential Care for Children in Romania

Residential Care for Children in Romania

A Model for Child Protection Reform in Central and Eastern Europe

Chapter:
(p.54) 4 Residential Care for Children in Romania
Source:
Residential Care of Children
Author(s):

OVIDIU GAVRILOVICI

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309188.003.0004

This chapter discusses child protection reform in Romania. Romania's progress in improving child protective services has been remarkable, especially in the past few years. The humanitarian aid and the large increase in international adoptions that occurred at the beginning and during the 1990s can be perceived now as a double-edged sword. The aid benefited many of the victims of a malfunctioning system of residential care institutions by improving the conditions in numerous orphanages, and the adoptions offered some abandoned children the chance of a new family. The international adoptions also helped the public sector cut costs for operating the institutions, a disincentive to improving their cost-effectiveness. Although both the aid and international adoptions seemed to justify the existence of the institutions in the shape and function inherited from communist Romania, by perpetuating the already corrupt and inefficient system, they eventually led to real child protection reform.

Keywords:   child care, child welfare, child protection system, Romania, corruption, humanitarian aid

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