Contextualist Morals and Science
This chapter distinguishes various roles values might play and the kinds of arguments advanced, both for the value ladenness and value freedom of science. It then argues that arguments on both sides of the issues rest on untenable assumptions about traditional epistemology as a coherent enterprise. Dropping those assumptions opens a space for showing that science can be value laden and yet robustly objective. The chapter is organized as follows. Section 10.1 sorts out issues, sketches some standard arguments both for and against value ladenness, and then describes epistemological assumptions common to both and argues that those assumptions are misguided. Section 10.2 presents an alternative picture of values and science without those assumptions. Section 10.3 applies that picture to debates over values and objectivity in economics and medicine.
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