Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Artful MindCognitive Science and the Riddle of Human Creativity$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Mark Turner

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195306361

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306361.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 20 April 2019

Form and Meaning in Art

Form and Meaning in Art

(p.171) 9 Form and Meaning in Art
The Artful Mind

Per Aage Brandt

Oxford University Press

The theory of form in art presented in this chapter rests on the Cog Hypothesis: There are neural structures in the sensory-motor system that are “secondary” in the sense that they are connected neurally to “primary” neural ensembles that are more directly involved in either perception or movement. An obvious example would be premotor cortical structures that carry out highly structured complex motor actions via connections to the primary motor cortex, which controls simple actions. When the premotor-to-motor connections are inhibited, the secondary premotor circuitry can function as a “cog”—it can still compute complex patterns that permit inferences and can evolve over time. Such patterns can structure what we see as form in art. Many kinds of cogs have been hypothesized and each type corresponds to an aspect of form. Rudolf Arnheim (1969), in Visual Thinking, argues that form is not just form; metaphors apply to forms to give meaning. Form is therefore a vehicle for inference, and the content of the inference depends on the metaphor.

Keywords:   Rudolf Arnheim, art, form, Cog Hypothesis, cogs, neural structures, perception, movement, metaphor, inference

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .