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The Artful MindCognitive Science and the Riddle of Human Creativity$
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Mark Turner

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195306361

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306361.001.0001

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The Cognitive Tango

The Cognitive Tango

(p.115) 6 The Cognitive Tango
The Artful Mind

Lawrence M. Zbikowski

Oxford University Press

This chapter focuses on the ways in which double-scope integration achieves conceptual compression, a hallmark of art. Cognitively modern human beings have art, language, science, religion, refined tool use, advanced music and dance, fashions of dress, and mathematics. Blue jays, border collies, dolphins, and bonobos do not. Only human beings have what we have. This conspicuous Grand Difference constitutes a puzzling discontinuity in the evolution of life. The Way We Think (2002), and earlier publications beginning in 1993, put forward the hypothesis that the Grand Difference arose in the following way. The basic mental operation of conceptual integration, also known as blending, has been present and evolving in various species for a long time, probably since early mammals, and there is no reason to doubt that many mammalian species aside from human beings have the ability to execute rudimentary forms of conceptual integration. Human beings evolved not an entirely different kind of mind, but instead the capacity for the strongest form of conceptual integration, known as double-scope blending.

Keywords:   double-scope integration, art, compression, human beings, Grand Difference, double-scope blending, evolution, conceptual integration

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