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Adolescent Psychopathology and the Developing BrainIntegrating Brain and Prevention Science$
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Daniel Romer and Elaine F. Walker

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780195306255

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306255.001.0001

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The Adolescent Surge in Depression and Emergence of Gender Differences

The Adolescent Surge in Depression and Emergence of Gender Differences

A Biocognitive Vulnerability-Stress Model in Developmental Context

Chapter:
(p.284) Chapter 13 The Adolescent Surge in Depression and Emergence of Gender Differences
Source:
Adolescent Psychopathology and the Developing Brain
Author(s):

Lauren B. Alloy

Lyn Y. Abramson

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306255.003.0013

This chapter describes a model for the emergence of depression in adolescence. The application of the cognitive vulnerability-stress model to the adolescent surge in depression suggests that identifying youth with negative cognitive styles and teaching them more adaptive ways to interpret negative events may be an effective way to short-circuit the rise in depression during adolescence. Given adolescents' increased brain maturation and cognitive competence (e.g., selective attention), negative cognitive styles may become especially depressogenic during adolescence because they are likely to lead to ever-escalating rumination in the face of negative events. Thus, it also may be helpful to teach cognitively vulnerable youth how to exit from a ruminative cycle (e.g., better problem solving, distraction from the problem, decrease in the importance of the problem).

Keywords:   depression, adolescent females, cognitive vulnerability-stress model, negative life events, ruminative cycle, cognitive style

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