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Korean American EvangelicalsNew Models for Civic Life$

Elaine Howard Ecklund

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195305494

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305494.001.0001

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(p.165) Appendix B: Interview and Survey Guides

(p.165) Appendix B: Interview and Survey Guides

Korean American Evangelicals
Oxford University Press

Interview Guide

Script: Let me start by introducing myself. I am a researcher interested in the role that churches play in the lives of second‐generation immigrants. I want to have discussions, in particular, with Korean Americans to better help me understand how Korean Americans think about their faith. Do you have any questions about the research that I might answer for you?


Let me start by asking you some basic questions.

  1. 1. What kind of professional work do you do? How did you come to choose this particular work? Let's switch now to talking more about your family.

  2. 2. Could you tell me the story of why your parents came to the United States?

  3. 3. From what you remember, could you tell me about the town where you grew up and what that town or neighborhood was like?

History of Church Participation

  1. 4. If you attended church as a child, how about the church in which you grew up? How big was it? How involved were you? What kinds of things do you remember enjoying as a kid? What kinds of things didn't you like about it?

  2. 5. What about the churches you have attended since then? Ethnicity? Location?

  3. 6. Have you always attended Korean American congregations? If you have, maybe you could tell me a little about why you chose to stay part of a Korean American congregation? Or why you (p.166) chose to try other types of congregations and what that experience was like?

Religious Beliefs

  1. 7. Reflecting over your life, how did you become a Christian? (Alternative: What does it mean for you to be a Christian?)

  2. 8. How would you describe the central things you believe as part of your faith?

  3. 9. Related, what kind of things does being a Christian influence in your life?

  4. 10. Some people say that “being a good Christian necessitates helping the poor and the needy.” How would you respond to that kind of statement?

Current Church

Now I am going to ask you some questions about your current church.

  1. 11. How would you describe the neighborhood where it is located? Could you tell me about the relationship your church has with the neighborhood where it's located?

  2. 12. In what ways is your congregation similar to other Korean congregations (alternative: other multiethnic churches) and what ways do you think it is different?

  3. 13. What kinds of non‐Korean churches have you attended? (Alternative, if respondent attends a non‐Korean church: If you have attended Korean congregations, could you describe that experience?) How would your current church compare to these churches?

Current Church Involvement

Let me ask you some more specific questions about your participation in your current congregation.

  1. 14. Could you tell me why you decided to attend this church?

  2. 15. Could you tell me about your role in the congregation? In what kind of activities do you participate regularly?

  3. 16. How do you think that you are the same or different from Korean Americans who attend multiethnic congregations/ white congregations (Alternative: Korean churches)?

Civic Life

Now, I want to ask you a few questions about your life outside your congregation.

  1. 17. What kinds of activities are you involved in that are not related to church?

  2. 18. Are you an American citizen? If so, when did you become an American citizen?

  3. 19. How would you describe what it means to be a “good American” ? By your definition, do you think of yourself as a “good American”? (If no, what kinds of things are keeping you from being a better American?)

  4. (p.167)
  5. 20. How did you develop your ideas about what it means to be a good American?

  6. 21. Does your church help you to be a better American? If so, how?

  7. 22. What does it take to “fit in” to American society?

  8. 23. How do you think of your role in American politics?

  9. 24. If you were volunteering in your community, what types of people do you think you would most like to help? What draws you to these sorts of people?

  10. 25. In contrast, what kinds of people would you shy away from or find it difficult to help?

Ethnic and Civic Identities

Let me ask you a few questions about being Korean.

  1. 26. Could you start by telling me a little about the role being Korean plays in your life?

  2. 27. What is your relationship with your family like?

  3. 28. When do you think of yourself as “Asian American” and not “Korean American”?

  4. 29. When do you think of yourself as “American” and when do you think of yourself as “Korean?”

  5. 30. Do you think that others view you as an American? Why or why not?

  6. 31. What experiences do you have with discrimination? Could you tell me the story of the experience that was most significant for you?

Interethnic and Interracial Relationships

  1. 32. I am interested in knowing how you think the Korean community relates to other nonwhite communities. Could you give me some thoughts about this?

  2. 33. Could you describe the relationship of the African American community to the Korean community? How does this relationship play out in your own life, if at all?

  3. 34. Do you, for instance, ever sense increased solidarity between African Americans and Korean Americans based on a common minority status?

  4. 35. Do you think of, for example, the Japanese as being “more American” because they have been in the United States longer than Korean Americans? (Why or why not?)

  5. 36. Are there other questions that I should be asking to better understand the experience of second‐generation Korean Americans in American society?


For the sake of bookkeeping, there are some questions I would like to ask you to help me situate you among other individuals I have talked with.

  1. 37. Age:

  2. 38. Marital status/ethnicity and occupation of spouse:

  3. 39. Education:

  4. (p.168)
  5. 40. Occupation:

  6. 41. Parent's Occupation:

  7. 42. How many siblings? Place in birth order?

  8. 43. Currently live where? With whom?

  9. 44. Korean language skills? (How would you describe your Korean language skills? Are you bilingual, for example?)

  10. 45. Denomination of church you currently attend:

  11. 46. Address of church/type of neighborhood of church:

  12. 47. Grew up where? (ethnic makeup/socioeconomic status of neighborhood)

Church Survey

I am conducting a survey about the relationship between church participation and community life. I hope this questionnaire will also help the church think about its present life and future plans. Please take a few minutes to respond to these questions. In most cases, you can just circle the response that best fits you. There are no right answers. When you really cannot answer, just skip to the next question. Your individual answers will be anonymous and held in the strictest confidence. When you have completed the survey, give it me or one of the ushers as you leave. I will be standing at the back of the sanctuary. Thank‐you

First, some questions about your church attendance.

  1. 1. How long have you been attending this church? (Circle one answer)

    • 1 Do not regularly attend this church

    • 2 One year or less

    • 3 Two to four years

    • 4 Five to nine years

  2. 2. What factors were most a part of your decision to attend Grace/Manna? ______________________________________________(Please list)

  3. 3. Not including weddings and funerals, how often do you attend church services? (Circle one answer)

    • 1 Every week (or more often)

    • 2 Almost every week

    • 3 Once or twice a month

    • 4 A few times per year

    • 5 Less often than that

  4. 4. If you attend church more than once a week, please write an estimate of the number of hours you spend per week in all church activities. (Include time spent at small group, discipleship of church members, etc.) ___________________(Number of hours)

  5. 5. Approximately how much driving time (in minutes) does it take you to get to church? ___________________________ (One‐way time in minutes)

  6. 6. In the past 12 months, have you taken part in any sort of activity with people at your church other than attending Sunday morning services? (Circle one answer)

    • 1 Yes If yes, please list activities that you are regularly involved in _____________________________________________

    • (p.169)
    • 2 No

    Below are some questions about the community where you live.

  7. 7. What is the name of the town where you currently live? __________________________________________(Name of town).

  8. 8. How many years have you lived in your community? (Circle one answer)

    • 1 Less than one year

    • 2 One to five years

    • 3 Six to ten years

    • 4 Eleven to twenty years

    • 5 More than twenty years

    • 6 All my life

  9. 9. Do you expect to be living in your community five years from now? (Circle one answer)

    • 1 Yes

    • 2 No

    • 3 Don't know

  10. 10. If you were going to volunteer, what community would you be most likely to volunteer in? (Circle one answer)

    • 1 The community where my church is located

    • 2 The community where my house is located

    • 3 Church and home are in same community

    • 4 Some other neighborhood or local community   If 4, Please write name of town _______________________

    • 5 Would not be likely to volunteer in a local community

  11. 11. If you were volunteering, where would you be most likely to locate volunteer opportunities? (Circle one answer)

    • 1 A community volunteer organization (such as United Way …)

    • 2 Through my college or university

    • 3 Through my church

    • 4 Some other place   If 4, please write place __________________

    • 5 My own personal investigation

    • What kind of community activities are you involved in ?

  12. 12. Any community service organization that is faith‐based or church‐sponsored, such as but not exclusive to Habitat for Humanity or a Pregnancy Center? (Circle one answer)

    • 1 Yes

      If yes, please write organization ___________________________

    • 2 No

  13. 13. A parents' association, like the PTA or PTO, or other school support or service groups? (Circle one answer)

    • 1 Yes

      If yes, please write organization ___________________________

    • 2 No

  14. (p.170)
  15. 14. A charity or social welfare organization that provides services in such fields as health or service to the needy? (Circle one answer)

    • 1 Yes,

      If yes, please list organization _________________________

    • 2 No

  16. 15. Ethnic, nationality, or civil right's organization, such as the Association for Asian American students or Korean American student's association? (Circle one answer)

    • 1 Yes

      If yes, please write organization ___________________________

    • 2 No

    • 3 Not applicable (less than 18 years old)

  17. 16. Other public interest groups, political action groups, political clubs, or party committees? (Circle one answer)

    • 1 Yes

      If yes, please write organization ___________________________

    • 2 No

      The next set of questions are about public affairs.

  18. 17. How interested are you in politics and national affairs? (Circle one answer)

    • 1 Very interested

    • 2 Somewhat interested

    • 3 Not at all interested

  19. 18. Are you currently registered to vote? (Circle one answer)

    • 1 Yes

    • 2 No

    • 3 Not eligible to vote

  20. 19. Did you vote in the presidential election in 2000 when George Bush ran against Al Gore? (Circle one answer)

    • 1 Yes, voted

    • 2 No

    • 3 Less than 18 years old in 2000

      Which of the following things have you done in the PAST 12 MONTHS?

  21. 20. Have you signed a petition? (Circle one answer)

    • 1 Yes

    • 2 No

  22. 21. Attended a political meeting or rally? (Circle one answer)

    • 1 Yes

    • 2 No

  23. 22. Worked on a community project? (Circle one answer)

    • 1 Yes

    • 2 No

  24. 23. Donated blood? (Circle one answer)

    • 1 Yes

    • 2 No

    • 3 Can't give blood

  25. (p.171)
  26. 24. Helped out a stranger? (Circle one answer)

    • 1 Yes

    • 2 No

  27. 25. How many times during the PAST 12 MONTHS have you volunteered? (By volunteering, I mean any unpaid work you've done to help people besides your family and friends or people you work with.) _____________________ (Number of times)

  28. 26. Thinking POLITICALLY and SOCIALLY, how would you describe your own general outlook? (Circle one answer)

    • 1 Very conservative

    • 2 Moderately conservative

    • 3 Middle‐of‐the‐road

    • 4 Moderately liberal

    • 5 Very liberal

    • 6 Something else. If you circled number 6, please describe ___________________________________________________

  29. 27. What is your primary occupation? (Circle one answer)

    • 1 College student

    • 2 Graduate student

      If 2, please write area of study_____________

    • 3 Work full‐time

      If 3, please write occupation ________________

    • 4 Not applicable (under 18 years old)

  30. 28. If you work full‐time, how many hours do you work per week?

    • _______________ (Hours per week).

  31. 29. If you work full‐time, how long does it take you to get to your workplace (one‐way trip) on a typical day? ________________ (Answer in minutes, time one‐way)

  32. 30. What is your marital status? (Circle one answer)

    • 1 Currently married

    • 2 Separated

    • 3 Divorced

    • 4 Widowed

    • 5 Never married

  33. 31. Including yourself, how many adults (those over 18 years old) live in your household? _____________ (Persons‐people)

  34. 32. When choosing a church, how important is it that the church have other people of your ethnicity? (Circle one answer)

    • 1 Very important

    • 2 Somewhat important

    • 3 Not at all important

    • 4 Not applicable

Now a few questions about where you fit within the American population as a whole?

  • 33. How old are you? _______(Years)

  • (p.172)
  • 34. Are you: (Circle one answer)

    • 1 Male

    • 2 Female

  • 35. What is the highest level of school you have completed or the highest degree you have received? (Circle one number)

    • 1 Less than high school

    • 2 High school graduate

    • 3 Some college

    • 4 Associate's degree

    • 5 Bachelor's degree

    • 6 Graduate degree

  • 36. Do you consider yourself to be: (Circle ALL numbers that apply)

    • Caucasian‐American?  1 Yes  2 No

    • African‐American?  1 Yes  2 No

    • Asian‐American?  1 Yes  2 No

    • Hispanic‐American?  1 Yes  2 No

    • Native‐American?  1 Yes  2 No

    • Other  1 Yes  2 No

    • →if Other, please write ___________________

  • 37. Would you say your background is Chinese, Korean, Japanese, Filipino, or something else? (Circle one answer)

    • 1 Chinese

    • 2 Korean

    • 3 Japanese

    • 4 Filipino

    • 5 Asian Indian

    • 6 Vietnamese

    • 7 Cambodian

    • 8 Other

      If 8, please specify________________

  • 38. Are you an American citizen? (Circle one answer)

    • 1 Yes

    • 2 No

  • 39. If under 18 years old, what is the occupation of your parents?

    • Mother _______________(Please write occupation)

    • Father ________________(Please write occupation)

    • Could you please give your exact address? _________________________________________________

      (Note: This information will only be used to determine demographic information for the area where you live and otherwise will be kept confidential)

      Thank‐you for filling out this survey.

      Please write any additional comments on the back of this sheet.