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Minnie Fisher CunninghamA Suffragist's Life in Politics$
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Judith N. McArthur and Harold L. Smith

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780195304862

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304862.001.0001

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Washington Lobbyist And National Leader

Washington Lobbyist And National Leader

(p.68) 4 Washington Lobbyist And National Leader
Minnie Fisher Cunningham

Judith N. McArthur

Harold L. Smith

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines Cunningham's stature in the national suffrage movement. As a result of her success in Texas, Carrie Chapman Catt, president of the National American Woman Suffrage Association, called her to Washington, D.C. to join NAWSA's Congressional Committee. Led by Maud Wood Park, its sole function was lobbying Congress to pass a federal suffrage amendment. In addition to lobbying southern congressmen and senators, Cunningham also led a delegation to President Woodrow Wilson. While she was in Washington, the Texas Legislature — against the wishes of the Texas Equal Suffrage Association — passed a constitutional amendment granting women full suffrage; she was forced to return to lead the (unsuccessful) referendum campaign. After Congress passed the Nineteenth Amendment and Cunningham ensured its ratification in Texas, NAWSA sent her to work for ratification in other states.

Keywords:   Carrie Chapman Catt, Maud Wood Park, Congress, Woodrow Wilson, Nineteenth Amendment, Congressional Committee, NAWSA

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