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Play = LearningHow Play Motivates and Enhances Children's Cognitive and Social-Emotional Growth$
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Dorothy G. Singer, Roberta Michnick Golinkoff, and Kathy Hirsh-Pasek

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195304381

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304381.001.0001

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The Cognitive Child Versus the Whole Child: Lessons From 40 Years of Head Start

The Cognitive Child Versus the Whole Child: Lessons From 40 Years of Head Start

Chapter:
(p.15) 2 The Cognitive Child Versus the Whole Child: Lessons From 40 Years of Head Start
Source:
Play = Learning
Author(s):

EDWARD F. ZIGLER

SANDRA J. BISHOP-JOSEF

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304381.003.0002

The effect of play on children has become the subject of intense debates in America. Many preschools and elementary schools have reduced or even eliminated play from their schedules. Play is being replaced by lessons focused on cognitive development, particularly literacy and reading, to match the content of standardized testing. The focus on cognition and literacy also found its way into policies and proposals for Head Start. The Bush administration initially wanted to change Head Start from a comprehensive intervention to a literacy program. However, changing the law governing Head Start would have required considerable time. To move the program in the desired direction more quickly, the administration imposed new protocols on how the program should be run (decisions that are within its power). This chapter looks at the lessons learned from Head Start's 40 years of existence, the whole child approach to education, and the theory and practice of children's play and development.

Keywords:   play, children, development, Head Start, education, literacy, cognition, whole child approach

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