Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
From the Kitchen to the ParlorLanguage and Becoming in African American Women's Hair Care$

Lanita Jacobs-Huey

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195304169

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304169.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2017. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see http://www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy). Subscriber: null; date: 25 February 2017



From the Kitchen to the Parlor
Oxford University Press


A left-hand bracket indicates the onset of overlapping, simultaneous utterances.


This indicates the length of a pause within or between utterances, timed in tenths of a second.

(( ))

Double parentheses enclose nonverbal and other descriptive information.

( )

Single parentheses enclose words that are not clearly audible (i.e., best guesses).


Underlining indicates stress on a syllable or word(s).


Italics indicate talk that is in some way animated or performed (i.e. sarcasm).

Cap First Letter

Words or phrases with capitalized first letter(s) indicate talk that is carefully articulated or talk that is punctuated by a brief pause.


Upper case indicates louder or shouted talk.


A colon indicates a lengthening of a sound; the more colons, the longer the sound.


This symbol is placed before and after words or phrases that are delivered in a soft volume.


Down arrow marks words or phrases delivered with a downward intonational contour.

> <

“Greater than” and “less than” symbols enclose words (and/or talk) that are compressed or rushed.

< >

“Less than” and “greater than” symbols enclose words (and/or talk) that are markedly slowed or drawn out.


The “less than” symbol by itself indicates that the immediately following talk is “jump-started” (i.e., sounds like it starts with a rush).

-, –

A single or double hyphens also indicate talk that is either “jump-started” (i.e., sounds like it starts with a rush) or talk that ends abruptly.


The letter h marks hearable aspiration; the more h’s, the more aspiration. Aspiration may represent breathing, laughter, and so on. If it occurs inside the boundaries of a word, it may be enclosed in parentheses in order to set it apart from the sounds of the word.


This marks laughter.

(try 1)/(try 2)

This arrangement of words/phrases encircled by parentheses and separated by a single oblique or slash represents two alternate hearings.