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The Craft of Ritual Studies$

Ronald L. Grimes

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780195301427

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301427.001.0001

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Appendix 2: Ritual Studies Codes

Appendix 2: Ritual Studies Codes

The Craft of Ritual Studies
Oxford University Press

These codes were originally developed for the purpose classifying submissions to the Journal of Ritual Studies.

  1. 1. Component Codes

    1. A. Action (repetition, movement, dance, performance, mime, rhythm, gesture, play, work)

    2. B. Space (geography, environment, architecture, earth, shrines, sacred places, museums)

    3. C. Time (season, holiday, repetition, calendar)

    4. D. Objects (masks, costumes, fetishes, icons, art, gifts, blood)

    5. E. Symbol, metaphor, culture, tradition

    6. F. Group (role [e.g., priest, rabbi], kinship, class, caste, family, children, gender, hierarchy, ethnicity, acculturation, society, culture)

      1. (1) Women in ritual

      2. (2) Men in ritual

    7. G. Self (body, brain, feeling, knowledge, states of consciousness, mood, experience, self/other, the senses)

    8. H. Divine beings (gods, demons, spirits, animals, saints, ancestors)

    9. I. Language (poetry, word, story, texts, myth, speech, sermons, mantras, narrative)

    10. J. Quality (e.g., color or shape), quantity, theme (e.g., evil)

    11. K. Cosmology (belief, classification, worldview)

    12. L. Music (sound, song)

  2. 2. Type Codes

    1. A. Rites of passage

      1. (1) General theoretical works on rites of passage

      2. (2) General descriptive, ethnographic, comparative works on rites of passage

      3. (3) Birth and childhood (couvade, naming, churching)

      4. (4) Initiation

        1. (A) Initiation: puberty, education (circumcision, clitoridectomy, manhood, womanhood, baptism, education, religious education)

        2. (B) Initiation: ordination, succession, secret societies (priesthood, sororities, fraternities, sodalities, cults)

      5. (5) Marriage rites

      6. (6) Funerary rites (mortuary rites, death, mourning, unction, burial, cremation, abortion)

      7. (7) Experimental and nontraditional rites of passage

      8. (8) Rites of passage in literature and art

      9. (9) Rites of passage in business, industry, and law

      10. (10) Territorial passage: pilgrimage, journey, relocation

    2. B. Festivals (celebrations, feasts, carnivals, contests, sports, games)

    3. C. Pilgrimage (guests, processions, parades)

    4. D. Purification (fasts, pollution, taboo, sin, confession, consecration)

    5. E. Civil ceremony (royal rites, enthronement, legal ceremony, warfare)

    6. F. Rites of exchange (hunting, agricultural rites, ritual ecology, meals, offerings, food, consumption, potlatch)

    7. G. Sacrifice (scapegoating, ritual warfare, decapitation, cannibalism, executions, violence, atonement)

    8. H. Worship (liturgy, prayer, spirituality, sacraments, devotion, puja)

      1. (1) Conversion, revivals

    9. I. Magic (fertility, divination, sorcery, oracles)

    10. J. Healing rites (shamanism, psychedelics, exorcism, illness, therapy, dream incubation, possession, ecstasy)

    11. K. Interaction rites (animal ritualization, habit, secular ritual)

    12. L. Meditation rites (contemplation, spirituality, trance)

    13. M. Rites of inversion (rites of rebellion, clowning, joking, obscenity, revitalization rites)

    14. N. Ritual drama (pageants, entertainment rites, media ritual)

    15. O. Experimental rites (new age, creativity, invention, parashamanism, ritual in new religious movements)

    16. P. Commemorative rites

  3. 3. Tradition Codes

    1. A. Comparative or cross-cultural

    2. B. Hinduism

    3. C. Jainism

    4. D. Sikhism

    5. E. Zoroastrianism

    6. F. Buddhism

    7. G. Confucianism

    8. H. Taoism

    9. I. Shinto

    10. J. Judaism (Jewish studies)

    11. K. Christianity

    12. L. Islam

    13. M. Tribal, folk (specify:_____________________________)

    14. N. “New,” sectarian (specify:_________________________)

    15. O. Other (specify:_____________________________________)

  4. 4. Discipline Codes

    1. A. Religious studies, ethics, history of religions

    2. B. Theology, liturgics

    3. C. Anthropology, ethnography

      1. (1) Fieldwork

      2. (2) Folklore

    4. D. Sociology, social psychology

    5. E. Literature, literary criticism, comparative literature

    6. F. Philosophy, ethics

    7. G. History, classics, area studies

    8. H. Communications, journalism, media studies

    9. I. Psychology, therapy

    10. J. Education

    11. K. Performance studies, theatre

    12. L. Music, musicology, ethnomusicology

    13. M. Dance

    14. N. Kinesics, kinesiology

    15. O. Linguistics, languages (French, Spanish, etc.)

    16. P. Art, aesthetics

    17. Q. Architecture

    18. R. Political science, economics

    19. S. Business

    20. T. Law

    21. U. Medicine, genetics

    22. V. Biology, environmental studies

    23. W. Physics, chemistry

    24. X. Women’s studies

    25. Y. Ethnic studies (black, Hispanic, Native American)

    26. Z. Area studies (e.g., American studies, Asian studies)

    27. AA. Film studies

    28. BB. Archaeology

    29. CC. Ethology

  5. 5. Location Codes

    1. A. Comparative or cross-cultural

    2. B. North America

    3. C. Latin America

    4. D. Africa

      1. (1) North

      2. (2) Sub-Saharan

    5. E. Europe

      1. (1) Western (central)

      2. (2) Eastern

      3. (3) Southern

      4. (4) Northern

    6. F. Middle East (Near East, West Asia)

    7. G. Asia

      1. (1) South Asia (India, Sri Lanka, etc.)

      2. (2) China, Korea

      3. (3) Japan

    8. H. Southeast Asia

    9. I. Australia and Oceania

    10. J. Circumpolar regions

    11. K. Caribbean

    12. L. Other________________________________________

  6. 6. Period Codes

    1. A. Prehistoric

    2. B. 2000 BCE–600 BCE

    3. C. 6th cent. BCE–3rd cent. CE

    4. D. 4th cent.–8th cent.

    5. E. 9th cent.–16th cent.

    6. F. 17th cent.–19th cent.

    7. G. 20th–21st cent.