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Population Genetics, Linguistics, and Culture History in the Southwest Pacific$
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Jonathan S. Friedlaender

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780195300307

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300307.001.0001

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Immunoglobulin Allotypes as a Marker of Population History in the Southwest Pacific

Immunoglobulin Allotypes as a Marker of Population History in the Southwest Pacific

Chapter:
(p.208) 14 Immunoglobulin Allotypes as a Marker of Population History in the Southwest Pacific
Source:
Population Genetics, Linguistics, and Culture History in the Southwest Pacific
Author(s):

Moses S. Schanfield

Frank B. Austin

Peter B. Booth

D. Carlton Gajdusek

Richard W. Hornabrook

Keith P. W. McAdams

Jan J. Saave

Susan W. Serjeantson

Graeme W. Woodfield

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300307.003.0014

This chapter reviews variations across the region for the single most informative polymorphism from the autosomes, the GM locus. There are over 11,000 samples analyzed for GM from Pacific populations. Their pattern of variation reinforces some themes established in the mitochondrial DNA. There is a GM connection between Australian Aboriginal and certain New Guinea populations; between Southeast Asian and Austronesian groups; and between certain Eastern Highlands New Guinea and Island Melanesian populations. The GM pattern also indicates a substantial level of intermixture between Austronesian and Papuan speaking populations in Northern Island Melanesia, which is also echoed in the mitochondrial DNA.

Keywords:   GM locus, Papuans, Austronesians, Australian Aborigine, polymorphism

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