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No Party NowPolitics in the Civil War North$

Adam I. P. Smith

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195188653

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188653.001.0001

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(p.223) Bibliography

(p.223) Bibliography

Source:
No Party Now
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

Manuscript Collections

New York State Library, Albany

Edwin D. Morgan Papers (microfilm edition)

Boston Public Library

New England Loyal Publication Society Manuscripts

Massachusetts Historical Society

Adams Family Papers

John A. Andrew Papers

Henry W. Bellows Papers

Richard Henry Dana Papers

Edward Everett Papers

Winthrop Family Papers

Buffalo and Erie County Historical Society,

Millard Fillmore Papers (microfilm edition)

Watkinson Library, Trinity College, Hartford, Connecticut

Sydney Stanley Papers

Houghton Library, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts

Charles Sumner Papers

The Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe College, Cambridge, Massachusetts

Anna E. Dickinson Letters

Ohio Historical Society, Columbus, Ohio

Thomas Ewing Papers, Archives-Library Division (microfilm edition)

Gilder Lehrman Collection, New York Historical Society

John Jones Collection

Kelley Correspondence

Maitland Papers

Pearce Papers

George May Powell Papers

Tillotson Correspondence

(p.224) New Hampshire Historical Society, Concord, New Hampshire

Nathan Kilbourn Abbott Diaries

William E. Chandler Papers

George C. Fogg Papers

Connecticut Historical Society Library, Hartford, Connecticut

James G. Batterson Papers

William Buckingham Correspondence

S. H. Norton Letters

Gideon Welles Papers

Historical Society of Dauphin County, Harrisburg Pennsylvannia

Simon Cameron Papers (microfilm edition)

Norlands Living History Center, Washburn Norlands Library, Livermore Falls, Maine

Israel Washburn Jr. Papers and Elihu B. Washburne Papers, Washburn Collection (microfilm edition)

Butler Library, Columbia University, New York, New York

August Belmont Papers

John A. Dix Papers

Hanibal Hamlin Papers (microfilm edition)

New York Public Library, New York, New York

Horace Greeley Papers

Thomas Kinsella Papers

Henry J. Raymond Papers

Theodore Tilton Papers

Samuel J. Tilden Papers

New- York Historical Society, New York, New York

Mary Hawley Diary

Papers of the Loyal League of Union Citizens

Poll Book, Montgomery County

John A. Stevens Papers

David M. Turnure Journals

Princeton University Library, Princeton, New Jersey

Francis P. Blair Papers

University of Rochester Library, Rochester, New York

William H. Seward Papers (microfilm edition)

Thurlow Weed Papers

Illinois State Historical Library, Springfield, Illinois

Orville Hickman Browning Papers

David Davis Family Papers

Augustus Beardsley Frey Letters

Q M. Hatch Papers

(p.225) Henry Horner Lincoln Collection of pamphlets, prints and broadsides

Leonard Swett Collection

Lyman Trumbull Papers

Elihu B. Washburne Papers

Horace White Papers

Richard Yates Papers

Manuscripts Division, Library of Congress, Washington, D. C.

Jeremiah S. Black Papers Library of Congress (microfilm edition)

James G. Blaine Papers, Library of Congress (microfilm edition)

Blair Family Papers, Library of Congress (microfilm edition)

Benjamin F. Butler Papers

Simon Cameron Papers (microfilm edition)

Zachariah Chandler Papers (microfilm edition)

Salmon P. Chase Papers

Anna E. Dickinson Papers (microfilm edition)

James R. Doolittle Papers

Thomas Ewing Papers (microfilm edition)

William Pitt Fessenden Papers

John W. Forney Papers

Horace Greeley Papers

Joseph Holt Papers

Andrew Johnson Papers (microfilm edition)

Abraham Lincoln Papers (microfilm edition)

George B. McClellan Papers (microfilm edition)

Hugh McCulloch Papers

John G. Nicolay Papers

Reid Family Papers [Whitelaw Reid]

John Sherman Papers (microfilm edition)

Edwin M. Stanton Papers (microfilm edition)

Alfred Whittal Stern Collection of Lincolniana

Lyman Trumbull Papers (microfilm edition)

Benjamin F. Wade Papers

Gideon Welles Papers

Contemporary Documents

Songs

Anon., “The Sword and the Red, White and Blue.” New York: H. De Marsan, 1861. American Songs and Ballads, Series 4, Volume 4, Library of Congress.

Campaign Songs. [Democratic] Campaign document no. 19. New York, 1864.

Dadmun, J. W. Union League melodies. A collection of patriotic hymns and tunes, original and selected adapted to Union League meetings, army and navy, and social gatherings generally. Boston, 1864. New York Public Library.

Dale, William P. “A Good Time Coming” in The Young Men’s Republican Vocalist. New York: A. Morris, 1860.

Drew, Thomas, “The Fine Old Fossil Bachelor,” in The Campaign of 1856. Fremont Songs for the People. Original and Selected. Boston: John P. Jewett and Co., 1856.

(p.226) Enarc [pseud.], “Lines to a copperhead.” (n.p., n.d.), American Song Sheets, Series 1, Volume 5, Rare Book and Special Collections Division, Library of Congress.

Facts for men who do their own thinking. Washington, 1864. Alfred Whital Stern Collection, Library of Congress.

Foster, Stephen C. “That’s what’s the matter!” New York: H. De Marsan, [n. d.]

The Free Soil Minstrel. New York: Martyn and Ely, [1848].

James P. Giffing, Songs for the People, or Tippecanoe Melodies, New York, [1840].

The Lincoln and Johnson Union Campaign Songster for the use of clubs. Containing the most popular songs. Philadelphia, 1864.

The Log Cabin Songbook: A Collection of Popular and Patriotic Songs. New York: The Log Cabin Office, [1840].

National Clay Minstrel and Frelinghuysen Melodist. Philadelphia: George Hood, [1844].

Potts, William D. Campaign songs for Christian patriots and true Democrats, accompanied with notes. New York, 1864.

The President Lincoln Campaign Songster. New York, 1864.

Price, T. T., “The true Jersey blue,” n.p., [1861]. Civil War Song Sheets, Series 1, Volume 3, Rare Book and Special Collections Division, Library of Congress.

Putnam, G. P. Patriotic songs: a collection by G. P. Putnam. New York, 1864.

George F. Root, Just Before the Battle Mother, Chicago: Root & Cady, 1864.

Tippecanoe Song Book: A Collection of Log Cabin and Patriotic Melodies. Philadelphia: Marshall, Williams and Butler, [1840].

Printed Broadsides

Crittenden, John J. Strong Appeal to the Reason of the Country. Thursday, September 13, 1860. Collection of Broadsides. Houghton Library, Harvard University.

Evans, Estwick. To Reverdy Johnson. Washington, 1864. [Broadside enclosed in Evans to Abraham Lincoln, November 1, 1864; Abraham Lincoln Papers. Library of Congress.]

National Conference Committee of the Union Lincoln Association of New York. To the loyal citizens of the United States. New York, 1864. [Broadside: Collection of Broadsides: Houghton Library, Harvard University.]

National Union Association of Ohio. To the citizens of Ohio. n.p., n.d. [Broadside: Alfred Whital Stern Collection. Library of Congress.]

National Union Committee for the West. Lincoln and Johnson: address of the National Union Committee for the West, October 24, 1864. St. Louis, Missouri, 1864. [Broadside: Collection of Broadsides, Houghton Library, Harvard University.]

National Union Committee. The presidential election appeal of the National Union Committee to the People of the United States. [New York, 1864.] [Broadside: Collection of Broadsides, Houghton Library, Harvard University.]

National Union Executive Committee. How shall soldiers vote? New York, 1864. [Broadside: Collection of Broadsides, Houghton Library, Harvard University.]

——. How shall we end the rebellion? Shall we coax it or crush it? New York, 1864. [Broadside: Henry Horner Lincoln Collection, Illinois State Historical Society.]

——. How the war commenced, and how near it is ended. New York, 1864. [Broadside: Collection of Broadsides, Houghton Library, Harvard University.]

(p.227) ——. Who shall be vice-president?: Shall he be a loyal or a disloyal man? New York, [1864]. [Broadside: Collection of Broadsides, Houghton Library, Harvard University].

New England Loyal Publication Society Broadsides Collection, Boston Public Library.

——. Collection of Broadsides, Houghton Library, Harvard University.

New York State Central Committee [of the Union party]. How shall soldiers vote? [New York, 1864]. [Broadside: Collection of broadsides, Houghton Library, Harvard University.]

President Lincoln and General Grant on peace and war. Interview with the President. Mr. Lincoln’s view of Democratic strategy. N.p., n.d. [Broadside: Collection of Broadsides, Houghton Library, Harvard University].

Rally Round the Old Flag!, Broadside (1862) in the Collection of Broadsides, Houghton Library, Harvard University

Slavery and the next president. n.p., n.d. [Broadside: enclosed in the Abraham Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress, October 25, 1864].

Smith, Gerrit. To the rank and file of the Democratic party. n.p., 1864. [Alfred Whital Stern Collection, Library of Congress].

Stand by the President! Sustain the Government! [broadside published by the Republican County Committee, Worcester, Massachusetts, October 25, 1862] Collection of Pamphlets and Broadsides, Houghton Library, Harvard University.

The Real Chicago Platform, as expounded by the Democratic orators at Chicago. Philadelphia, 1864. [Broadside: Collection of Broadsides, Houghton Library, Harvard University.]

The true issues: what leading Democrats and conservatives say. n.p., n.d. [Broadside: Collection of Broadsides, Houghton Library, Harvard University.]

To Unconditional Union Voters, San Francisco, September, 1864., Collection of Broadsides, Houghton Library, Harvard University.

Unconditional Union State Central Committee of Maryland. Let us close our ranks! Sound once more the battle cry along the whole line! Address of the Unconditional Union State Central Committee of the People of Maryland. [Baltimore, 1864]. [Broadside: Collection of broadsides, Houghton Library, Harvard University.]

Union Congressional Committee. A traitor’s peace. n.p., n.d. [Broadside: Collection of Broadsides, Houghton Library, Harvard University.]

——. The cost of a rebel peace: plain words for working-men. Washington, 1864. [Broadside: Collection of broadsides, Houghton Library, Harvard University.]

Union Democratic Association of Cincinnati. The Union, it must be preserved. Cincinnati, 1864. [Broadside: Collection of Broadsides, Houghton Library, Harvard University.]

Why the South hopes for Lincoln’s reelection. n.p., n.d. [Broadside: Illinois State Historical Library.]

Pamphlets, Tracts, Reprinted Speeches, and Sermons

A Democratic peace offered for the acceptance of Pennsylvania voters. Philadelphia, 1864.

A Workingman’s reasons for the re-election of Abraham Lincoln. [Philadelphia, 1864]. [New York Public Library.]

Address of the Democratic League to the ‘Loyal Leagues’ and loyal men throughout the land. New York, 1864.

(p.228) Address of the Workingmen’s United Political Association of the City and County of New York, [New York], n.d.

American destiny, what shall it be, Republican or Cossack? An argument addressed to the people of the late Union, North and South. New York, 1864.

Anderson, Charles. The cause of the war: who brought it on, and for what purpose? Speech of Col. Charles Anderson, late of Texas, now of U.S. volunteers. Loyal Publication Society, pamphlet no. 17. New York, 1864.

Apsey, William S. (Rev.). Causes for national thanksgiving. A discourse delivered at the first Baptist Church, Bennington, November 24, 1864. n.p., n.d.

Arnold, Isaac N. Reconstruction: liberty the corner-stone, and Lincoln the architect. Speech of Hon. Isaac N. Arnold, of Illinois. Delivered in the House of Representatives, March 19, 1864. Washington, 1864.

Barnett, T. J. Abraham Lincoln, The People’s Candidate, n.p. Union State Central Committee, 1864.

Beecher, Henry Ward. Freedom and War. 2nd ed. Freeport, New York, 1971.

Bellows, Henry W. The State and the Nation-Sacred to Christian Citizens. A Sermon, etc. New York: James Miller, 1861.

—— The War to End only when the Rebellion ceases. New York: A. D. F. Randolph, [1863.]

——. Unconditional Loyalty. New York, 1863.

Bishop, Joel Prentiss. Secession and slavery, or the effect of secession on the relation of the United States to the seceded states and to slavery therein; considered as a question of constitutional law. Boston, 1864.

Blaine, James G. Letter of acceptance. n.p., [1864]. [Broadside: Alfred Whital Stern Collection, Library of Congress.]

Bristed, Charles Astor. The Cowards’ Convention. Loyal Publication Society, pamphlet no. 68. New York, 1864.

Brooks, James. Speech of Hon. James Brooks, of New York, on the President’s message, in the House of Representatives, December, 1864. n.p., n.d.

Brough, John. The defenders of the country and its enemies. The Chicago platform dissected. Speech of Governor John Brough, delivered at Circleville, Ohio, September 3, 1864. Cincinnati, Ohio, 1864.

Campbell, John. Unionists versus Traitors. The Political Parties of Philadelphia; or the nominees that ought to be elected in 1861. Philadelphia, n.p., 1861

Central Union Club of Brooklyn. Campaign Document no. 1 of the Central Union Club of Brooklyn. New York, 1864.

Chandler, William E. The soldier’s right to vote. Who opposes it? Who favors it? Or the record of the McClellan Copperheads against allowing the soldier who fights the right to vote while fighting. Union Congressional Committee. Washington, 1864.

Coddington, David S. The crisis and the man. Address of David S. Coddington, on the presidential crisis, delivered before the Union War Democracy, at the Cooper Institute, New York, November 1, 1864. New York, 1864.

Coffin, N. W. et al. A vigorous prosecution of the war the only guaranty of an honorable peace! Boston, 1864.

Comstock, George F. ‘Let us reason together’ by George F. Comstock of Syracuse, late Chief Justice of the Court of Appeals. New York, 1864.

——. Speech of Judge Geo. F. Comstock delivered at the Brooklyn Academy of Music. New York, 1864.

(p.229) Constitution and By-Laws of the Union League of Loyal Men of the 19th Ward, Brooklyn. New York, 1863.

Cook, William A. Opinions and practice of the founders of the Republic, in relation to arbitrary arrests, imprisonment of Tories … or the administration of Abraham Lincoln sustained by the sages and heroes of the Revolution. Washington, 1864.

Corruptions and frauds of Lincoln’s administration. [Democratic] Campaign document no. 14. New York, 1864.

Cox, Samuel S. Miscegenation or Amalgamation. Fate of the Freedmen. Speech of Samuel S. Cox of Ohio delivered in the House of Representatives, February 17, 1864. Washington, 1864.

Curtis, George Ticknor. Hon. George Ticknor Curtis on constitutional liberty. Democratic campaign document no. 7. New York, 1864.

——. Address of Hon. George Ticknor Curtis at Philadelphia, September 30, 1864. New York, 1864.

Curtis, George William. The President. Why he should be re-elected. New York, 1864.

Defrees, John D. The war commenced by the rebels—Copperheads of the North their allies. Speech of John D. Defrees in Washington D.C., Monday evening, August 1, 1864. Washington, 1864.

Democratic League. The real motives of the rebellion. The slaveholders’ conspiracy, depicted by Southern loyalists in its treason against democratic principles, as well as against the National Union. Showing a contest of slavery and nobility versus free government. n.p., n.d.

Democratic National Committee. The Democratic platform: General McClellan’s letter of acceptance. Campaign document No. 1. New York, 1864.

Democratic National Committee. The life and services of General George B. McClellan. Campaign document no. 4. New York, 1864.

Dewey, Orville. A Talk with the Camp. New York, 1863.

Doolittle, James R. The Rebels and not the Republican party destroyed slavery. Speech of Hon. J. R. Doolittle of Wisconsin, delivered in the senate of the United States, February 9, 1864. Washington, 1864.

Drake, Charles D. Speech of Hon. Charles D. Drake. Delivered before the National Union Association of Cincinnati, October 1, 1864. n.p., 1864.

Edge, Frederick Milne. Whom do the English Tories want elected to the Presidency? Loyal Publication Society, pamphlet no. 69. New York, 1864.

Ellis, George E. The Nation’s ballot and its decision: A discourse delivered in Austin Street Church, Cambridgeport and in Harvard Church, Charlestown on Sunday, November 13, 1864, being the Sunday following the Presidential election. Boston, 1864.

Emancipation and its results. Papers of the Society for the Diffusion of Political Knowledge no. 6. New York, 1864.

Emancipation Is Peace. New York: Loyal Publication Society, 1863.

Everett, Edward. Address delivered in Faneuil Hall, October 19, 1864: ‘The Duty of Supporting the Government in the Present Crisis of Affairs.’ New England Loyal Publication Society, pamphlet no. 237. Boston, 1864.

Ewer, F. C. (Rev.) A Rector’s reply to sundry requests and demands for a political sermon; preached in Christ Church, Fifth Avenue, New York, by Rev. F. C. Ewer, on the morning of the sixteenth Sunday after Trinity 1864; and repeated by request on the evening of the subsequent Sunday. A Protest against political preaching. New York, 1864.

(p.230) Fay, Caleb T. Address, delivered before the Union League of America, No 1. Thursday evening, February 18th, 1864, in San Francisco. San Francisco, 1864.

Forney, John W. Eulogy upon Stephen A. Douglas, Delivered at the Smithsonian Institute, Washington, July 3, 1861. Philadelphia, 1861.

Gallatin, James. Address by Hon. James Gallatin, before the Democratic Union Association, October 18, 1864: ‘George McClellan as a patriot, a warrior, and a statesman.’ New York, 1864.

Hamilton, John C. Coercion completed, or treason triumphant. Remarks by John Church Hamilton, September 24, 1864. Loyal Publication Society, pamphlet no. 66. [New York, 1864.]

Handlin, W. W. American politics. A moral and political work, treating of the causes of the Civil War, the nature of government and the necessities of reform. New Orleans, 1864.

Harlan, James. The Constitution upheld and maintained. Speech of James Harlan of the United States Senate. [Washington, 1864.]

Hear Hon. Geo. H. Pendleton. New York, 1864.

Hiatt, James. The Test of Loyalty. Indianapolis: Merrill and Smith, 1864.

Hitchcock, R. D. (Rev.) Thanksgiving for victories. Discourse by Rev. R. D. Hitchcock. New York, 1864.

Holt, Joseph. Report of the Judge Advocate General on the ‘Order of American Knights’ or ‘Sons of Liberty.’ A Western conspiracy in aid of the Southern rebellion. Washington, 1864.

Hopkins, John D. Bible view of slavery. Papers of the Society for the Diffusion of Political Knowledge no. 8. New York, 1864.

How Shall Soldiers Vote? The New York State Central Committee of “The Boys in Blue,” Rooms 16 and 17, Astor House, New York, 1864.

Hunt, James. The negroes place in nature: a paper read before the London Anthropological Society. New York, 1864.

Illinois Republican Union State Central Committee. To the voters of Illinois: Address of the Republican Union State Central committee. n.p. [1864]. [Broadside: Henry Horner Lincoln Collection, Illinois State Historical Library.]

Immense Meeting in Favor of the Union (Philadelphia, [1863]), Houghton Library, Harvard University.

Installation ceremony, for the use of subordinate councils of the Union League of America in Illinois. By authority of the State Grand Council, [Springfield: Union League of America, 1863]. Illinois State Historical Library

Johnson, A. B. The approaching presidential election (respectfully inscribed to the Chicago convention.) Utica, August 18, 1864. Utica, 1864.

Johnson, Reverdy. Speech of Hon Reverdy Johnson, of Maryland, delivered before the Brooklyn McClellan Central Association, October 21, 1864. New York, 1864.

Jones, Charles. A hopeful view of national affairs. A thanksgiving sermon preached at the Sailors Snug harbor, Staten Island, September 11, 1864 by Charles Jones, Chaplain. New York, 1864.

Jones, William D. Mirror of Modern Democracy: A History of the Democratic Party from its Organization in 1825 to its Last Great Achievement, the Rebellion of 1861. New York, 1864.

Kelley, William D. Replies of the Hon. William D. Kelley to George Northrop esq. In the joint debate in the fourth congressional district. Philadelphia, 1864.

(p.231) ——. Reply of William D. Kelley to George Northrop, esq. In West Philadelphia Hall, Thursday evening, October 6, 1864. n.p., n.d. [Broadside: enclosed in Kelley to Abraham Lincoln, October 21, 1864, Abraham, Lincoln Papers, Library of Congress.]

Kirkland, Charles P. The destiny of our country: an address delivered before the ‘Association of Alumni’ of Hamilton College, New York, July 20, 1864. New York, 1864.

Laboulaye, Edouard M. Upon whom rests the guilt of this war? Separation: war without end. Loyal Publication Society. New York, 1863.

Lieber, Francis Manual of Political Ethics. 2 vols., Boston: C. C. Little and J. Brown, 1838–1839.

——. Lincoln or McClellan? Loyal Publication Society, pamphlet no. 67. New York, 1864.

——. No Party Now But All For Our Country. New York, 1863.

Lincoln’s treatment of Gen. Grant. Mr. Lincoln’s treatment of Gen. McClellan. Democratic campaign document no. 12. New York, 1864.

Lord, Charles E. Slavery, secession and the constitution. An appeal to our country’s loyalty. Boston, 1864.

Loring, George B. Another life long Democrat testifies to the truth! A patriotic letter from Dr. George B. Loring of Salem, Massachusetts. Support of the administration the only path to peace, unity, national prosperity. The elevation of McClellan a national calamity!! n.p., n.d. [Alfred Whital Stern Collection, Library of Congress.]

Lowell, James Russell. The president’s policy. Union league pamphlet no. 71. Philadelphia, 1864.

Loyal Publication Society [pamphlet no. 56]. The assertions of a secessionist. From the speech of A. H. Stevens of Georgia. November 14, 1860. New York, 1864. [Illinois State Historical Library.]

Loyal Publication Society [pamphlet no. 64]. Letters of loyal soldiers (4 parts). New York, 1864.

—— [pamphlet no. 65]. The submissionists and their record: the dodges of Mr. Pendleton, Chicago candidate for vice-president. New York, 1864.

——. The echoes from the army. What our soldiers say about the copperheads. New York, 1863.

Manhattan Union Club. Address to the Young Men of New York. [New York, 1864]. [New York Public Library.]

Mansfield, Edward D. The issues and duties of the day. Cincinnati, 1864.

Marble, Manton. Freedom of the press wantonly violated. Letter of Mr. Marble to President Lincoln. Papers of the Society for the Diffusion of Political Knowledge, no. 22. New York, 1864.

McClellan, George B. Complete report on the organization and campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, by Major-General George B. McClellan. Democratic campaign document no. 3. New York, 1864.

——. West Point oration of Gen. George B. McClellan. Democratic campaign document no. 4?. New York, 1864.

McKaye, James. The mastership and its fruits: emancipated slave face to face with his old master. (A supplemental report to Edwin B. Stanton, Secretary of War, by James McKaye, special commissioner.) [New York, 1864.]

Miscegenation indorsed by the Republican party. Democratic Party Campaign document no. 11. New York, 1864.

(p.232) Moorhead, Hon. J. K. ‘The perpetuity of the Union’: speech delivered in the House of Representatives, March 26, 1864. Washington, 1864.

Morse, Samuel et al. The Constitution. Addresses of Prof. Morse, Mr. George Ticknor Curtis, and Mr. S. J. Tilden at the organization. Papers of the Society for the Diffusion of Political Knowledge no. 1. New York, 1864.

Morse, Samuel F. B. An argument on the ethical position of slavery on the social system, and its relation to the politics of the day. Papers of the Society for the Diffusion of Political Knowledge no. 1. New York, 1863.

Mr. Lincoln’s arbitrary arrests. The acts which the Baltimore platform approves. Democratic Party Campaign document no. 13. New York, 1864.

Murdock, William David Clark. An address to the Democratic party on the present crisis and the next presidential election. Washington, 1864.

Narrative of sufferings of US prisoners of war in the hands of rebel authorities. Loyal Publication Society, pamphlet no. 76. New York, 1864.

National Union Committee. Pretexts of the rebels and their sympathisers refuted by the logic of facts. Rebellion against free government, as well as against the National Union, resulting from the conspiracy of the Slaveholding aristocracy; illustrated in the speech of the Hon. Lorenzo Sherwood, delivered before the Unionists of the city of Brooklyn, September, 1864 … New York, 1864.

Nelson J. Waterbury, Documents Relative to the Withdrawal of Nelson J. Waterbury from the Canvass in the Eighth Congressional District, New York, November 1862. New York: Baptist & Taylor, 1862.

Only authentic life of Abraham Lincoln alias ‘Old Abe’: a son of the west. n.p., n.d. [Illinois State Historical Library.]

Parker, Joel. Speech of Governor Joel Parker, at Freehold, NJ, Aug 20, 1864. Subject: Our national troubles—their causes and the remedy. [Democratic] Campaign document no. 6. New York, 1864.

Patriotism. New York: Loyal Publication Society, 1863.

Payne, A. Remarks at Central Falls, Rhode Island, November 1, 1864. Providence, [1864].

Perham, Sidney. The slaveholders’ rebellion and modern democracy. Speech of Hon. Sidney Perham of Maine, in the House of Representatives, May 3, 1864. Washington, 1864.

Perry, Aaron F. Speech of Aaron F. Perry, esq. Delivered before the National Union Association, at Mozart Hall, Cincinnati, September 20, 1864. Cincinnati, 1864.

Pierrepont, Edwards. Speech of Edwards Pierrepont, delivered at the Convention and mass meeting of the democracy opposed to the Chicago platform, held at the Cooper Institute, New York, November 1, 1864. New York, 1864.

Political Conservative circular; from an ‘old-line Webster Whig’ of forty years voting experience in support of constitutional freedom and sound conservative principles, with reasons for opposition to the re-election of Abraham Lincoln, for his gross violations of both spirit and provisions of the same. Boston, 1864.

Pomeroy, Samuel S. Speech by Hon. S. C. Pomeroy, on the platform and party of the future, and national freedom secured by an amended constitution. Delivered in the senate of the United States, March 10, 1864. Washington, 1864.

Powell, George May. ‘Facts and figures for the hour.’ Speech of George May Powell, of Wisconsin. Washington, 1864.

Raymond, Henry J. History of the administration of President Lincoln: including his speeches, letters and addresses, proclamations and messages. With a preliminary sketch of his life. New York, 1864. [New York Public Library].

(p.233) ——. The life of Abraham Lincoln of Illinois. Chicago, 1864.

——. The life of Abraham Lincoln, by Henry J. Raymond and of Andrew Johnson by John Savage. Union Congressional Committee. New York, 1864.

Republican opinions about Lincoln. [Democratic] Campaign document no. 18. New York, 1864.

Sangamon Tribune, An argument against the abolition of the Constitution of the United States. Springfield, Illinois, 1864.

Schenck, Robert C. No compromise with treason. Remarks of Mr. Schenck of Ohio in reply to Mr. Fernando Wood in the debate on the resolution to expel Mr. Long. Delivered in the House of Representatives, April 11, 1864. [Washington, 1864].

Schurz, Carl. ‘For the great empire of liberty, forward!’ Speech of Maj. -General Carl Sch-urz delivered at Concert Hall, Philadelphia, on Friday, September 16, 1864. New York, 1864.

Seward, William Henry. Issues of the conflict: terms of peace: remarks of the Hon. William H. Seward, on the occasion of the fall of Atlanta, at Auburn, Saturday, Sept. 3, 1864. New York, 1864.

Seymour, Horatio. Speech of Governor Seymour at Philadelphia. [Democratic] Campaign document no. 21. New York, 1864.

Seymour, Truman. The condition of the South and the duty of the North. As set forth in a letter from Gen. T. Seymour, lately returned from ‘under fire’ at Charleston. New York, 1864.

Shall the North vote for a disunion peace? Chicago Tribune Campaign document no. 1. Chicago, 1864.

Sights and notes by a looker on in Vienna. Dedicated to the Union army! Washington, 1864.

Smith, Gerrit. Gerrit Smith to his neighbours. [Peterboro, New York, 1864].

——. Letter on Lincoln’s nomination and acceptance. Loyal Publication Society, pamphlet no. 63. New York, 1864.

——. Letter to Hon. D. C. Littlejohn from Gerrit Smith, on the country. [Peterboro, New York, 1864].

Smith, John [pseud.] Speech of John Smith esq. Not delivered at Smithville, Sept. 15, 1864. New York, 1864.

Spear, Samuel T. (Rev.) Our Country and its Cause. A discourse preached October 2nd, 1864, in the South Presbyterian Church, of Brooklyn. New York, 1864.

Spear, Samuel T. (Rev.) The Duty of the Hour. New York, 1863.

Speeches delivered at the Republican Union festival, in commemoration of the birth of Washington. New York: Putnam, 1862.

Stanbery, Henry. The ballot and the bullet: How to save the nation. Address of Henry Stanbery, esq. Delivered in Newport, Ky. Saturday evening, Sept. 17, 1864. Cincinnati, 1864.

Stebbins, Horatio. The president, the people and the war: a thanksgiving discourse by Horatio Stebbins, minister of the first Unitarian Society in San Francisco. San Francisco, 1864.

Stevens, John A. Sherman vs. Hood. ‘A low tart inclined to be very sweet’—something for Douglas Democrats to remember—an appeal to history—where Governor Seymour got this lesson—on the Chicago surrender. Loyal Publication Society, pamphlet no. 61. New York, 1864.

——. The submissionists and their record. Loyal Publication Society, pamphlet no. 65. New York, 1864.

(p.234) Stillé, Charles J. How a free people conduct a long war. Philadelphia, 1862.

Stowe, Harriet Beecher. Abraham Lincoln. n.p., n.d. [Reprinted from Littell’s Living Age no. 1027 (Feb 6, 1864)].

Sumner, Charles. Slavery and the rebellion, one and inseparable: speech of Hon. Charles Sumner, before the Young Men’s Republican Union, at Cooper Institute, New York, on the afternoon of Nov 5, 1864. Boston, 1864.

——. Universal emancipation, without compensation: speech of Hon. Charles Sumner, on the proposed amendment to the Constitution, abolishing slavery throughout the United States in the Senate of the United States, April 8, 1864. Union Congressional Committee. Washington, 1864.

Swinton, William. A few plain words with the rank and file of the Union armies. Union Congressional Committee. Washington, 1864.

——. The ‘Times’ review of McClellan: his military career reviewed and exposed. New York, 1864.

——. The war for the Union: the first, second, third and fourth years of the war. Loyal Publication Society, pamphlet no. 62. [New York, 1864].

Ten Eyck, John C. Reconstruction in the states: speech of Hon. John C. Ten Eyck, of New Jersey. Delivered in the senate of the United States, May 6, 1864. Union Congressional Committee. Washington, 1864.

Thayer, M. Russell. Reconstruction of the rebel states: speech of Hon. M. R. Thayer delivered in the House of Representatives, April 20, 1864. Union Congressional Committee. Washington, 1864.

The Death of Slavery, Letter from Peter Cooper to Governor Seymour. New York: Loyal Publication Society, 1863.

The Democratic Anti-Abolition State Rights Association of the City of New York. New York, 1863.

The Democratic party the soldier’s friend. Legislation that speaks for itself. n.p., n.d. [Library of Congress.]

The Democratic Platform for 50 years. The immortal Kentucky and Virginia resolutions of 1798, with the history and application to the present to the present canvass. Chicago, 1864. [Illinois State Historical Library.]

The Democratic Times. n.p., n.d.

The Lincoln catechism wherein the eccentricities and beauties of despotism are fully set forth. New York, 1864.

The loyalists’ ammunition. Philadelphia, 1863.

The loyalty for the times: a voice from Kentucky. April 1864. n.p., n.d.

The next presidency. The Chicago convention. Shall the people or ‘the politicians’ decide the issues? By one of the Democrats of Jackson’s day. n.p., [1864]. [Illinois State Historical Library.]

The next presidential election. n.p., n.d.

The only alternative: a tract for the times, by a plain man. Philadelphia, 1864.

The positions of Abraham Lincoln and George B. McClellan on the Union. To unconditional Union voters. n.p., n.d.

The President’s usurpations. The President’s ultimatum to the propositions of the Confederate commissioners asking for peace. n.p., n.d. [Illinois State Historical Library.]

The Sumter Anniversary, 1863. Opinions of Loyalists Concerning the Great Question of the Times. New York, 1863.

(p.235) Thompson, Joseph P. Peace through victory; a thanksgiving sermon, preached in Broadway tabernacle church, New York, on Sabbath, September 11, 1864. Loyal Publication Society. New York, 1864.

——. Revolution against free government not a right but a crime: an address by Joseph P. Thompson delivered before the Union league club and published at their request. New York, 1864.

Throop, Montgomery H. The future: a political essay by Montgomery H. Throop. New York, 1864.

Train, George Francis. George Francis Train in Chicago: letter from a member of the convention, n.p., n.d.

——. Great Speech on the withdrawal of McClellan and the impeachment of Lincoln. New York, 1864. [Illinois State Historical Society.]

Turpie, David. Speech of Mr. Turpie. Papers of the Society for the Diffusion of Political Knowledge no. 2. New York, 1863.

Union Congressional Committee. Biographical sketch of Andrew Johnson of Tennessee, together with his speech at Nashville, June 10, 1864, and his letter accepting the nomination as vice-president of the United States, tendered by the National Union Convention held at Baltimore on the 7th and 8th of June, 1864. Washington, 1864.

——. Copperhead conspiracy in the north-west. An exposé of the treasonous order of the sons of’Sons of Liberty.’ Washington, 1864.

——. Peace to be enduring must be conquered. New York, 1864.

——. Political dialogues. Soldiers on their right to vote, and the men they should support. Washington, 1864.

——. Shall we have an armistice? Washington, 1864.

——. The Chicago copperhead convention (August 29, 1864): the treasonable and revolutionary utterances of the men who composed it, extracts from all the notable speeches delivered in and out of the National ‘Democratic’ convention. Washington, 1864.

——. The great surrender to the rebels in arms: the armistice: ‘immediate efforts to be made for a cessation of hostilities’: peace and disunion platform of the Chicago Copperhead convention. Washington, [1864].

——. The military and naval situation, and the glorious achievement of our soldiers and sailors. Washington, 1864.

——. The opinions of Abraham Lincoln, upon slavery and its issues: indicated by his speeches, letters, messages and proclamations. Washington, 1864.

——. The votes of the copperheads in the Congress of the United States. [Washington, 1864].

Union League of America Executive Committee. To the loyal citizens of the United Sta tes. Washington, 1864.

Union League of Philadelphia, Essays on Political Organization. Philadelphia, 1868.

——. A savory dish for loyal men. Philadelphia, 1863.

——. Abraham Lincoln. Philadelphia, 1864.

——. Address by the Union league of Philadelphia to the Citizens of Pennsylvania in Favor of the Re-election of Abraham Lincoln. Philadelphia, 1864.

——. The boot on the other leg, or loyalty above party. Philadelphia, 1863.

——. The will of the people. [Philadelphia, 1864].

Union party state central committee of Pennsylvania. Address of the Union State central committee to the people of Pennsylvania and the platforms of the two organizations for 1865. Philadelphia, 1865.

(p.236) Upham, Nathaniel. Rebellion—slavery—peace. An address on the subject of rebellion, slavery and peace, delivered at Concord, New Hampshire, March 2, 1864. Concord, NH, 1864.

Vallandigham, Clement L. Speeches, arguments, and letters of Clement L. Vallandigham. New York: J. Walter, 1864.

Voorhees, Daniel W. Speech of D. W. Voorhees of Indiana, delivered in the House of Representatives, March 9, 1864. Washington, 1864.

Voters’ catechism. Plain questions and answers for the campaign. New York, 1864.

Wade, Benjamin F. Facts for the people: Ben Wade on McClellan: and Gens. Hooker and Heinzelman’s testimony: a crushing review of little Mac’s military career. Cincinnati, 1864.

Wakeman, Abram. ‘Union’ on dis-union principles! The Chicago platform, McClellan’s letter of acceptance, and Pendleton ‘s Hasking letter, reviewed and exposed. Speech … at Greenfield, Connecticut, Nov. 3, 1864. New York, 1864. [Illinois State Historical Library.]

Walbridge, Hiram. Speech of Gen. Hiram Walbridge, delivered before the convention of the War Democracy at Cooper Institute, New York, Tuesday, November 1, 1864. New York, 1864. [Illinois State Historical Library.]

Walker, Robert J. Letter of Hon. R. J. Walker in favor of the re-election of Abraham Lincoln. New York, 1864.

War Democratic State Committee of New York. Country Before Party: The Voice of the Loyal Democrats. New York, 1864.

——. Speech of Hon. Edwards Pierrepont, delivered at the convention and mass meeting of the Democracy opposed to the Chicago Convention, held at the Cooper Institute, New York, November 1, 1864. New York, 1864.

Wayland, Francis. No failure for the North. New York, 1864.

Wells, David Ames. Our burden and our strength, or, a comprehensive and popular examination of the debt and resources of our country, present and prospective, by David A. Wells. Troy, New York, 1864.

Whiting, William. Military Government of Hostile Territory in time of war. Boston, 1864.

——. The return of rebellious states to the Union. A letter from Hon. Wm. Whiting to the Union League of Philadelphia. Philadelphia, 1864.

Wilkes, George. McClellan: ‘who he is and what he has done’ and Little Mac: ‘from Ball’s Bluff to Antietam.’ Both in one. Revised by the author. By an old-line Democrat. New York, 1864. [Illinois State Historical Library.]

Wilkinson, Joseph H. Views on the war, the administration and the people, with special remarks on McClellan’s campaign. By a soldier, three years in the Army of the Potomac. Manchester, NH, 1864.

Williams, I. T. The issues of the canvass. Speech of I. T. Williams. n.p., n.d.

Wilson, James F. A free Constitution: speech of Hon. James F. Wilson, of Iowa, delivered in the House of Representatives, March 19, 1864. Washington, 1864.

Wilson, Thomas L. A brief history of the cruelties and atrocities of the rebellion. Complied from the most authentic sources, by Thomas L. Wilson. [Washington, 1864.]

Winthrop, Robert C. Great Speech of Hon. Robert C. Winthrop, at New London, Conn., October 18. ‘The Principles and interests of the Republican party against the Union. The election of McClellan the only hope for Union and peace. [Democratic] Campaign document no. 23: New York, 1864.

(p.237) ——. Speech of Hon. Robert C. Winthrop, at the great ratification meeting in union Square, New York, Sept. 17, 1864. [Democratic] Campaign document no. 9. New York, 1864.

Wright, Charles. Our political practice. The usurpations of vice through the popular negligence. 3 vols. Boston, 1864–1865.

Wright, J. S. Citizenship, sovereignty. Chicago, 1864.

Young Men’s Republican Union. Our third campaign. New York, 1864. [Broadside: Collection of broadsides, New York Public Library.]

Young, Harrison Perry. Indestructibility of the American Union. A lecture, by Harrison Perry Young, delivered before the Parker fraternity, in Templar s Hall, Boston, Mass. Boston, 1864.

OFFICIAL PROCEEDINGS

Appleton’s annual cyclopaedia and register of important events. Embracing political, military, and ecclesiastical affairs; public documents; biography, statistics, commerce, finance, literature, science, agriculture, and mechanical industry. New York, 1865.

Chronicle of the Union League of Philadelphia, 1862 to 1902. Philadelphia, 1902.

Congressional Globe, 37th Cong., 1st sess.

—. 2d sess.

—. 3rd sess.

Congressional Globe, 38th Cong., 1st sess.

—. 2d sess.

Congressional Serial Set, Serial no. 1199 (38th Cong., 1st sess.), House of Representatives Misc Doc. 16:Thomas L. Price vs. Joseph W. McClurg, 5th Congressional District of Missouri; Doc. 17: Charles W. Carrigan vs. M. Russell Thayer, 5th Congressional District of Pennsylvania; Doc. 20: James H. Birch vs. Austin A. King, 6th Congressional District of Missouri; Doc. 26: John John vs. Leonard Leonard, 3rd Congressional District of Pennsylvania; Doc. 27: J. B. S. Todd vs. William William, delegate from Territory of Dakota.

—, Serial no. 1200 (38th Cong., 1st sess.), House of Representatives Misc. Doc. 36: John McHenry Jr., vs. George H. Yeaman, 2d Congressional District of Kentucky; Doc. 43: James James vs. John G. Scott, 3rd Congressional District of Missouri.

—, Serial no. 1269 (39th Cong., 1st sess.), House of Representatives Misc Doc. 7:Wm. E. Dodge vs. James James, 8th Congressional District of New York.

—, Serial no. 1270 (39th Cong., 1st Sess.), House of Representatives Misc. Doc. 8: Chas. Follett vs. Columbus Columbus, 13th Congressional District of Ohio; Doc. 9: Smith Smith vs John L. Dawson, 21st Congressional District of Pennsylvania; Doc. 10: Aug. C. Baldwin vs. Rowland E. Trowbridge, 5th Congressional District of Michigan; Doc. 11: Henry D. Washburn vs. Daniel W. Voorhees, 7th Congressional District of Indiana.

—, Serial no. 1271 (39th Cong., 1st sess.) House of Representatives Misc. Doc. 93: S. H. Boyd vs. John R. Kelso: 4th Congressional District of Missouri; Doc. 117: Wm. H. Koontz vs. Alexander H. Coffroth, 16th Congressional District of Pennsylvania.

—, Serial no.1198 (38th Cong., 1st sess.), House of Representatives Misc. Doc 12: Lewis Lewis vs. B. M. Kitchen, 7th Congressional District of Virginia;

(p.238) Doc. 13: John P. Bruce vs. Benjamin F. Loan, 7th Congressional District of Missouri; Doc. 14: Hon. John S. Sleeper vs. Alexander H. Rice, 3rd Congressional District of Massachusetts; Doc. 15: Samuel Samuel vs. Frnacis P. Blair. Jr., 1st Congressional District of Missouri.

Dubin, Michael J. United States Congressional Elections, 1788–1997: The Official Results of the Elections of the 1st Through 105th Congresses. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland, 1998.

John L. Moore, Jon P. Preimesberger, David R. Tarr, eds., Congressional Quarterly Guide to US Elections (Washington DC: CQ Press, 2001.

Loyal Publication Society. Proceedings at the first anniversary meeting of the Loyal Publication Society. New York, 1864.

Loyal Publication Society. Proceedings at the second anniversary meeting of the Loyal Publication Society. February 11, 1865, with the annual reports, prepared by order of the society, by the secretary. New York, 1865.

Loyal Publication Society. Who is Responsible for this War? Who Accountable for its Horrors and Desolation? n.p., [1864]. [Broadside: Collection of broadsides, Hough-ton Library, Harvard University.]

Murphy, D. F. Proceedings of the National Union Convention, Baltimore, June, 1864 [reported by D. F. Murphy, of the official corps of reporters for the US senate.] New York, 1864.

Porter, Kirk H. and Donald B. Johnson, eds., National Party Platforms, 1840–1956. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1956.

Proceedings of the Convention of the Loyal Leagues Held at Mechanics Hall, Utica, Tuesday, 26 May, 1863. New York, 1863.

Proceedings of the first three Republican national conventions of 1856, 1860 and 1864: including proceedings of the antecedent national convention held at Pittsburg, in February, 1856, as reported by Horace Greeley. Minneapolis, Minn.: C. W. Johnson, 1893.

Proceedings of the National Convention, Union League of America, held at Cleveland, May 20 and 21, 1863. Washington, 1863.

Proceedings of the Union League of America, June 6, 1864. Washington, 1864.

Richardson, James D. ed. Messages and Papers of the Presidents. 20 vols., New York: Bureau of National Literature, 1917.

The Tribune Almanac and Political Register for 1860. New York, 1861.

The Tribune Almanac and Political Register for 1861. New York, 1862.

The Tribune Almanac and Political Register for 1862. New York, 1863.

The Tribune Almanac and Political Register for 1863. New York, 1864.

The Tribune Almanac and Political Register for 1864. New York, 1865.

The Tribune Almanac and Political Register for 1865. New York, 1866.

Union League of Philadelphia. First annual report of the Board of Directors of the Union League of Philadelphia, December 14, 1863. Philadelphia, 1863.

——. Second annual report of the Board of Directors of the Union League of Philadelphia. December 12, 1864. Philadelphia, 1864.

US War Department. The war of the rebellion: a compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate armies. 128 vols. Washington, 1880–1901.

DIARIES, LETTERS, AND MEMOIRS

Adams, Charles Francis, Jr. Individuality in Politics: A Lecture Delivered in Steinway Hall, New York, Wednesday Evening, April 21, 1880. New York: Independent Republican Association, 1880.

(p.239) ——. A cycle of Adams letters, 1861–1865. Worthington Chauncey Ford, ed. 2 vols., London, 1921.

Baker, George E. The works of William H. Seward. 5 vols. Boston, 1853–1884.

Basler, Roy P., Marion Dolores Platt, and Lloyd A. Dunlap, eds. The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln. 8 vols. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press, 1953–1955.

Bates, David Homer. Lincoln in the Telegraph Office: Recollections of the United States Military Telegraph Corps During the Civil War. 2nd ed. Lincoln, Nebraska, 1995.

Bates, Edward. The diary of Edward Bates, 1859–1866. Howard K. Beale (ed.) Annual Report of the American Historical Association, 1930, vol. IV. Washington, 1933.

Bellows, Henry W. Historical sketch of the Union League Club of New York, its organisation and work, 1863–1879. New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1879.

Belmont, August. A Few Letters and Speeches of the Late Civil War. New York: privately printed, 1870.

Benton, Benton, ed. Greeley on Lincoln, with Mr. Greeley’s letters to Charles A. Dana and a lady friend. New York, 1893.

Bigelow, John G. Retrospectives of an active life. 5 vols. New York, 1910–1913.

Bigelow, John G. ed, Letters and Literary Memorials of Samuel J. Tilden. 2 vols. New York, 1908.

Black, Chauncy F. Essays and speeches of Jeremiah S. Black. New York, 1895.

Blaine, James G. Twenty years of Congress: from Lincoln to Garfield: with a review of the events which led to the political revolution of 1860. 2 vols. Norwich, Conn., 1884.

Blassingame, John W. ed. The Frederick Douglass Papers. New Haven, 1971.

Boutwell, George S. Reminiscences of sixty years in public affairs. 2 vols. New York, 1902.

——. Speeches and papers relating to the rebellion. Boston, 1867.

——. Why I am a Republican. A history of the Republican party … With biographical sketches of the Republican candidates. Hartford, Conn., 1884.

Brooks, Noah. “Lincoln’s Re-election,” The Century Magazine XLIX (April 1895): 865–72.

——. Washington D. C. in Lincoln’s time: A memoir of the Civil War era by the newspaper man who knew Lincoln best. Herbert Mitang, ed. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1989.

Brown, George R. (ed.). Reminiscences of Senator William M. Stewart of Nevada. New York, 1908.

Browne, Francis Fisher. The Everyday Life of Abraham Lincoln. 2nd ed. Lincoln, Nebraska, 1995.

Browning, Orville Hickman. The Diary of Orville Hickman Browning, edited by Theodore Calvin Pease and James G. Randall. 2 vols. Springfield, Ill.: Illinois State Historical Library, 1925–1933.

Brownson, Orestes A. The American republic: its Constitution, tendencies and destiny. Boston, 1865.

Bryant, William Cullen. The letters of William Cullen Bryant. William Cullen Bryant III and Thomas G. Voss (eds), 5 vols. New York, 1984.

Burn, James D. Three years among the working-classes of the United States during the war. London, 1865.

Butler, Benjamin F. Autobiography and personal reminiscences of Major-General Benjamin F. Butler. Boston, 1892.

(p.240) Carpenter, F. B. The inner life of Abraham Lincoln: six months on the White House. 2nd ed. Lincoln, Nebraska, 1995. [originally published as Six months at the White House with Abraham Lincoln, New York, 1866.]

Chase, Salmon P. Diary and Correspondence. 2 vols. Annual Report of the American Historical Association, 1902. Washington, DC, 1903.

Cheney, Mary Bushell. ed. The life and letters of Horace Bushnell, New York, 1905.

Child, Lydia Maria. Letters of Lydia Maria Child. John G. Whittier, ed. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin, 1882.

Church, Charles A. History of the Republican party in Illinois 1854–1912, with a review of the aggressions of the Slave-power. Rockfort, Illinois, 1912.

Congdon, Charles T. Reminiscences of a journalist. Boston: J. R. Osgood, 1880.

Cox, Samuel S. Eight years in Congress, from 1857–1865. Memoir and speeches. By Samuel S. Cox. New York, D. Appleton and Company, 1865.

——. Union—Disunion—Reunion. Three decades of federal legislation, 1855–1885. Providence, R. I., 1885.

Dana, Charles A. Recollections of the Civil War: with the leaders at Washington and in the field in the sixties. New York, 1913.

Dana, Richard Henry Jr. An address upon the life and services of Edward Everett: delivered before the municipal authorities and citizens of Cambridge, February 22, 1865. Cambridge, Mass., 1865.

——. Speeches in stirring times, and letters to a son. Edited by Richard Henry Dana III, Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1910.

Dennett, Dennett, ed. Lincoln and the Civil War in the diaries and letters of John Hay. New York, 1939, repr. 1988.

Daniel S. Dickinson, ed., Speeches, Correspondence etc., of the late Daniel S. Dickinson of New York, ed. John R. Dickinson. 2 vols. New York: Putnam, 1867.

Donald, David H. Inside Lincoln’s Cabinet: The Civil War Diaries of Salmon P. Chase. New York, 1954.

Fehrenbacher, Don E. and Virginia Fehrenbacher. Recollected Words of Abraham Lincoln. Stanford University Press, 1996.

Fillmore, Millard. Millard Fillmore papers. Frank H. Severence, ed., 2 vols. Buffalo, New York, 1907.

Foner, Philip S. The life and writings of Frederick Douglass. 5 vols. New York, 1950.

Forbes, John Murray. Letters and recollections of John Murray Forbes. Sarah Forbes Hughes, ed., 2 vols. Boston, 1899.

Forney, John W. Anecdotes of public men. New York, 1873–1881.

Freidel, Frank B. Union pamphlets of the Civil War, 1861–1865. 2 vols. Cambridge, Mass., 1967.

Giddings, Joshua R. History of the rebellion. New York, 1864.

Gilmore, James R. Personal recollections of Abraham Lincoln and the Civil War. Boston, 1898.

Grimke, Frederick The Nature and Tendency of Free Institutions. Cincinatti: H. W. Derby, 1848. Reprint, John William Ward, ed., Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1968.

Greeley, Horace. Recollections of a busy life. New York, 1868.

Gurowski, Adam von. Diary. 3 vols. Washington, 1862–1866.

Handy, Robert T. A History of Union Theological Seminary in New York. NewYork: Columbia University Press, 1987.

Haven, Gilbert. National sermons. Boston, 1869.

(p.241) Hay, John. Letters of John Hay and extracts from his diary. 3 vols. Washington, DC, 1908.

Hazelwell, C. C. “The twentieth presidential election,” Atlantic Monthly 14 (1864): 633–41.

Higginson, Thomas Wentworth ed. Harvard Memorial Biographies. 2 vols: Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1867.

Hoar, George Frisbie. Autobiography of seventy years. 2 vols. New York, 1903.

Ide, George B. Battle echoes, or lessons from the war. Boston, 1866.

Installation ceremony, for the use of subordinate councils of the Union League of America in Illinois. By authority of the State Grand Council. Springfield, 1863. [Illinois State Historical Library.]

Johnson, Andrew. The papers of Andrew Johnson. Larry P. Graf and Ralph W. Haskins, eds., 14 vols. Nashville, Tennessee, 1967.

Julian, George W. Political recollections, 1840–72. Chicago, 1884.

——. Speeches on political questions. New York, 1872.

LaRocca, Charles J. ed. This Regiment of Heroes: A Compilation of Primary Materials Pertaining to the 124th New York State Volunteers. Montgomery, N.Y., 1991.

Lathrop, George Parsons. History of the Union League of Philadelphia from its origin and foundation to the year 1882. Philadelphia, 1884.

Lee, Elizabeth Blair. Wartime Washington: The Civil War Letters of Elizabeth Blair Lee. Virginia Jeans Laas, ed. Urbana, Ill., 1991.

Locke, David Ross. Civil War letters of Petroleum V. Nasby. 2nd ed. Columbus, Ohio, 1962.

——. The Nasby Papers. By Petroleum V. Nasby, ‘paster uv sed church in charg.’ New York, 1912 edition.

The Loyal National League [of New York]. New York, [1864].

Lusk, D. W. Politics and politicians: a succinct history of the politics of Illinois from 1856 to 1882 with anecdotes from 1809 to 1856. Springfield, Ill., 1884.

McClure, Alexander K. Lincoln and men of war-times: some personal recollections of war and politics during the Lincoln administration. Philadelphia, 1892 edition.

——. Old time notes of Pennsylvania: a connected and chronological record of the commercial, industrial and educational advancement of Pennsylvania, and the inner history of all political movements since the adoption of the constitution of 1838. a 2 vols. Library ed. Philadelphia: John C. Winston, 1905.

——. Recollections of half a century. Salem, Mass., 1902.

McCulloch, Hugh. Men and measures of half a century. New York, 1900.

McLoughlin, William G., ed. The American Evangelicals, 1800–1900: an anthology. New York, 1968.

Moore, Moore (ed.). The rebellion record: a diary of American events, with documents, narratives, illustrative incidents, poetry, etc. 12 vols. 1861–1868.

Moore, Frank. The Civil War in song and story. New York, 1889 edition.

Nevins, Allan and Thomas, Milton H. eds. The Diary of George Templeton Strong. 4 vols. New York: Macmillan, 1952. Vol. III: The Civil War, 1860–1865.

New England Loyal Publication Society, Report of the executive committee of the New England Loyal Publication Society, May 1, 1865. Boston, 1865.

Nicolay, John G. and John John. Abraham Lincoln: A History. 10 vols. New York: Century, 1890.

Norton, Charles Elliot. Letters of Charles Elliot Norton. Sarah Norton and M. A. de Wolfe Howe (eds.), 2 vols. Boston, 1913.

(p.242) Perkins, Howard Cecil. Northern Editorials on Secession. 2 vols. New York: D. Apple-ton-Century, 1942.

Phillips, Wendell. Speeches, lectures and letters. Boston, 1864.

Pierce, Edward L. Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner. 4 vols. Boston, 1877–93.

Poore, Benjamin Perley. Perley’s reminiscences of sixty years in the national metropolis. Philadelphia, 1886.

Ruchames, Ruchames, ed. The letters of William Lloyd Garrison. 4 vols. Cambridge, Mass. 1976.

Schurz, Carl. Speeches, correspondence and political papers of Carl Schurz, ‘selected and edited by Frederic Bancroft on behalf of the Carl Schurz Memorial Committee.’ New York, 1913.

——. Abraham Lincoln: an essay. New York, 1891.

Sears, Stephen B. ed. The Civil War Papers of George B. McClellan. New York:Ticknor & Fields, 1989.

Seward, Frederick W. Seward at Washington as Senator and secretary of state. 2 vols. New York, 1891.

Sherman, John. Recollections of forty years in the House, senate, and cabinet. 2 vols. Chicago, 1895.

Silber, Silber and Mary Beth Sievens, eds. Yankee Correspondence: Civil War letters between New England soldiers and the home front. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 1996.

Smith, William Ernest. The Francis Preston Blair Family in Politics. 2 vols. New York: Macmillan, 1933.

Stevens, Thaddeus. The selected letters of Thaddeus Stevens. Beverly Wilson Palmer (ed.), 2 vols. Pittsburgh, 1997.

Stoddard, William O. Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson. New York, 1888.

——. Inside the White House in war time. New York, 1890.

Sumner, Charles. The works of Charles Sumner. 15 vols. Boston, 1870–1873.

——. The selected letters of Charles Sumner. Beverly Wilson Palmer ed., 2 vols. Boston, 1990.

The Sumter anniversary, 1863. Opinions of loyalists concerning the great question of the times. New York, 1863.

Van Buren, Martin. Inquiry into the origin and course of Political Parties in the United States. New York: Hurd and Houghton, 1867

Wallis, Severn Teackle The Writings of Severn Teackle Wallis. 4 vols. Baltimore: John Murphy, 1896.

Weed, Thurlow. Autobiography of Thurlow Weed. Harriet A. Weed (ed.), Boston, 1883.

——. Memoir of Thurlow Weed. Boston, 1884.

Welles, Gideon. Civil War and Reconstruction: essays. Albert Albert (ed.), New York, 1959.

——. Diary of Gideon Welles, Secretary of the Navy under Lincoln and Johnson. 3, vols. Boston and New York, 1911.

——. Lincoln and Seward Remarks upon the memorial address of Chas. Francis Adams, on the late William H. Seward, with incidents and comments illustrative of the measures and policy of the administration of Abraham Lincoln. And views as to the relative positions of the late President and secretary of state. New York, Sheldon & Company, 1874.

(p.243) Wormeley, Katherine Prescott. The United States Sanitary Commission: A Sketch of its Purposes and its Work. Boston: Little, Brown, 1863.

White, Andrew D. Autobiography. 2 vols. New York: Century, 1905.

Wilson, John. Memories of a Labour Leader: The Autobiography of John Wilson. London: T. F. Unwin, 1910.

Winthrop, Robert C. Addresses and speeches on various occasions. 4 vols. Boston, 1867.

Winthrop, Robert C., Jr. A memoir of Robert C. Winthrop: prepared for the Massachusetts Historical Society. Boston: Little, Brown, 1897.

NEWSPAPERS

Microfilm copies of the following newspapers were consulted in the Government Documents Department, Lamont Library, Harvard University; the Boston Public Library; the New Hampshire State Historical Society Library, Concord, New Hampshire; Princeton University Library; the Illinois State Historical Library, Springfield; the Chicago Historical Society; the Library of Congress, Washington DC; and the British Library Newspaper Library at Collindale.

Albany (New York) Evening Journal

Albany (NY) Atlas and Argus

Boston Daily Evening Transcript

Boston Daily Advertiser

Boston Post

Boston Courier

Boston Evening Transcript

Brooklyn Daily Eagle

The Campaign for the Union (Boston)

Christian Watchman and Reflector (Boston)

Burlington (Vermont) Sentinel

Chicago Tribune

Chicago Times

Cincinnati Daily Enquirer

Cincinnati Daily Gazette

Christian Advocate and Journal (New York)

Cincinnati Western Christian Advocate

Cleveland Plain Dealer

Columbus Crisis

Concord (New Hampshire) Monitor

Dover (New Hampshire) Enquirer

Detroit Free Press

Frankfort (Kentucky) Commonwealth

Pennsylvania Daily Telegraph (Harrisburg)

Connecticut Courant (Hartford)

Indianapolis Gazette

Indianapolis State Sentinel

Indianapolis Daily Journal

Louisville Journal

(p.244) New Haven Register

Louisville Daily Courier

Manchester (New Hampshire) Democrat and Republican

Christian Advocate and Journal (New York)

Frank Leslie’s Illustrated Newspaper (New York)

Harper’s Weekly (New York)

Independent (New York)

New-York Daily Tribune

New York Herald

New York Times

New York World

New York Evening Post

Philadelphia Inquirer

Philadelphia Press

Philadelphia Public Ledger and Daily Transcript

Philadelphia Union League Gazette

Pittsburgh Gazette

Portland (Maine) Daily Press

Providence (Rhode Island) Post

Daily Illinois State Register (Springfield)

Illinois State Journal (Springfield)

Springfield (Massachusetts) Republican

St. Louis (Missouri) Democrat

Washington North American and United States Gazette

Daily National Intelligencer (Washington, D.C.)

Worcester (Massachusetts) Palladium

(Philadelphia) North American Inquirer

SECONDARY SOURCES

Books

Abbot, Richard H. The Republican Party and the South, 1855–18 77: The First Southern Strategy. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1986.

——. Cotton and Capital: Boston Businessmen and Antislavery Reform, 1854–1868. Amherst: Massachusetts University Press, 1991.

Aldrich, John H. Why Parties? The Origin and Development of Party Politics in America. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995.

Altschuler, Glenn C. and Stuart M. Blumin, Rude Republic: Americans and Their Politics in the Nineteenth Century. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2000.

Anbinder, Tyler. Nativism and Slavery: The Northern Know Nothings and the Politics of the 1850’s. New York: Oxford University Press. 1992

——. Five Points the 19th-Century New York City Neighborhood that Invented Tap Dance, Stole Elections, and Became the World’s Most Notorious Slum. New York: Free Press, 2001.

Ashworth, John. “Agrarians” and “Aristocrats”: Party Political Ideology in the United States, 1837–1846. London: Royal Historical Society, 1983.

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Journal Articles

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——. “Politics, Paradigms, and Public Culture.” Journal of American History 84 (December 1997): 894–99.

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Unpublished Dissertations

Nelson, Russell K. “The Early Life and Congressional Career of Elihu B. Washburne.” PhD diss., University of North Dakota, 1953. (p.258)