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Seeing Black and White$
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Alan Gilchrist

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195187168

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187168.001.0001

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The Katz Period

The Katz Period

(p.26) 3 The Katz Period
Seeing Black and White

Alan Gilchrist

Oxford University Press

The second distinct period of lightness work took place between 1911 and 1930. In the thirty-five years following Ewald Hering's Outlines of a Theory of the Light Sense, no important theoretical developments in lightness took place until the publication in 1911 of David Katz's book (translated into English in 1935 as The World of Colour). For the next two decades, Katz's work dominated the field of lightness. Katz himself was not a Gestalt psychologist, nor was he a theorist of any note. His theoretical ideas did not deviate substantially from those of Hering and Hermann von Helmholtz. However, Katz broke new ground in phenomenology and experimentation, and he was respected by the Gestaltists on both counts.

Keywords:   David Katz, lightness, surface colors, lightness constancy, light/shadow method, contrast, illumination, Gestaltists

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