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Ancient Supplication$

F. S. Naiden

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195183412

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183412.001.0001

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(p.301) Appendix 1a ACTS OF SUPPLICATION IN GREEK AUTHORS

(p.301) Appendix 1a ACTS OF SUPPLICATION IN GREEK AUTHORS

Source:
Ancient Supplication
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

SUPPLIANT/SUPPLICANDUS

GESTURE/WORD

RESPONSE

PAGES(S)

3.10.2–6 Clitophon/Egyptians

ἱκετεύειν … νεύμασι

not stated 1

24.96

4.13.1–6 Elderly bandits/soldiers

ἐπιθέντες ἱκετηρίας ῥάβδους

trick successful

56.143

5.9.3 Clinias/ship

χει̑ρας ἁνασχών

rescued

43.83

5.17.3–5 Lacaena/Melite 2

προσπίπτει

ἀνάστηθι γόνασιν

72.239, 98.403, 102.430, 109, 110

7.13.3–8.19.2 Leucippe/Artemis

ἔχεται του̑ νεώ

test of virginity

93, 119.90, 149

8.2.2–19.2 Clitophon/Artemis

ἱκέτης γενόμενος

hearing held

93, 180, 383.1

8.17.3–4 Callisthenes/Calligone

προσπεσὼν … γόνασι

marriage proposal eventually accepted

(1.) Suppositious act.

(2.) In fact, Leucippe to Melite.

(p.302)

SUPPLIANT/SUPPLICANDUS

GESTURE/WORD

RESPONSE

PAGES(S)

Ag. 231–47 Iphigenia/Agamemnon

suppressed

rejected

35.34, 45.92, 86.343, 163.11

Ch. 315–380 1 Children/Agamemnon

ἱκέτας δέδεκται καὶ φυγάδας

prayer granted 2

Ch. 896–930 Clytemnestra/Orestes

τόνδε αἴδεσαι … μάστον

rejected

45.92, 80.298, 85.338, 134.180, 141.217, 163.12, 276.317

Eu. 1–93 Orestes/Apollo

ἕδραν ἔχοντα προστρόπαιον

dismissed

37.41, 92.372, 159.301, 168.40

Eu. 276–488 Orestes/Athena Polias

βρέτας ἡ̑σαι

ὅρκον περω̑ντας

7.18, 36.38, 108.16

Supp. 1–519 Danaids/gods

ἱκετω̑ν … κλάδοισιν

referred to assembly

36.37, 40.67, 41.68, 43.82, 56.144, 68.222, 71.237, 84–86, 92.274, 108.14, 113.52, 114.60, 134.178, 383.3

Supp. 520–624 Danaus/Argives

κλάδους ἐν ἀγκάλαις λαβών

ἔδοξεν ῎Αργείοσιν

113.52, 177.21

Th. 109–80 Chorus/gods

παρθένων ἱκέσιον λόχον

prayer not granted

Ixion Ixion/Zeus 3

unstated

unstated

10

(1.) Excluding the lines spoken by the chorus.

(2.) Supplicatory prayers are italicized.

(3.) A. Eu. 441, 717.

(p.303)

SUPPLIANT/SUPPLICANDUS

GESTURE/WORD

RESPONSE

PAGES(S)

1.8.3 Calydonians/Meleager

μεθ᾽ ίκετηρίας

rejected

56.140, 164.36

1.9.8 Sidero/Hera

τὸ τη̑ς ῾ac Ηρας τέμενος κατέφυγε

slain

37.41, 157.298

1.9.24 Jason and Medea/Circe

ἱκέται

καθαίρονται

141.219, 383.1

1.9.28 Medea's children/Hera

ίκέτας

ἀναστήσαντες κατετραυμάτισαν

37.41, 110.35, 125

2.4.3 Danaë and Dictys/altars

προσπεφευγυι̑αν τοι̑ς βωμοι̑ς

rescued

2.8.1 Heraclidae/Altar of Pity

καθεσθέντες

accepted

3.5.9 Oedipus/Furies

ἱκέτης

προσδεχθεὶς

383.3

3.7.1 Adrastus/Altar of Pity

ἱκετηρίαν θεὶς

request granted

Epit. 2.13 Sons of Thyestes/Zeus

ἱκέτας

slain

36.41, 157.298

Epit. 6.10 Meda and Clisithyra/unnamed temple

ἐν τῳ̑ ναῳ̑ καταφυγου̑σαν

slain

157.298

(p.304)

SUPPLIANT/SUPPLICANDUS

GESTURE/WORD

RESPONSE

PAGES(S)

2.202–62 Phineas/Argonauts

῾Ικεσίου πρὸς Ζηνος…λίσσομαι

request granted

114

2.1121–36 Argus/Jason

γουναζόμεθ᾽

request granted

98.403

3.701–39 Chalciope/Medea

περίσχετο γούνατα χερσίν

ύπόσχεσιν

45.91, 36

3.967–1014 Jason/Medea

γουνούμενος 1

request granted

70.226

4.82–100 Medea/sons of Phrixus

τούσγε γούνων…περισχομένη

παρασχεδὸν ἥραρε χειρί δεξιτερήν 2

45.91,83.324

4.693–748 Medea and Jason/Circe

ἐφ᾽ ἑστίῃ ἀί̑ξαντε ἵζανον

ἔρχεο

114, 141

4.1011–57 Medea/Arete and Argonauts

χερσίν…γούνων…θίγεν

accepted 3

45.91, 111

4.1759–61 Lemnians/Sparta

ἐφέστιοι

request granted

40.164, 118–89

(1.) Figurative, since Jason and Medea are both standing (967).

(2.) By Jason, not the supplicandi.

(3.) By the Argonauts. Arete reports the request to her husband, Aeetes, but without supplicating, and he agrees to grant it on the condition that she marry Jason (1106–9).

(p.305)

SUPPLIANT/SUPPLICANDUS

GESTURE/WORD

RESPONSE

PAGES(S)

BC 1.3.26 M. Fulvius Flaccus 1 /friend's workshop

καταφυγόντος

ύποδεξάμενος

383.3

BC 1.4.33 Q. Caecilius Metellus Pius 2 /P. Furius 3 (on behalf of father)

ποσὶ προσπίπτοντος

request denied

5.10, 50.118

BC 1.9.80 P. Cornelius Cethegus 4 /L. Cornelius Sulla Felix 5

ἱκέτης

ἑαυτὸν ὑπηρέτην … παρέχων

267.271

BC 2.7.47 Officers/C. Julius Caesar 6

προσπεσόντες

mitigated punishment

225.25, 226.35

BC 3.2.15 M. Junios Brutus 7 and C. Cassius Longinus 8 /Capitol

ὡς ἐς ἱερὸν ἁμαρτόντες ἱκέται

BC 3.4.28 Octavian/people

ἱκέτευεν

request granted

231.72

BC 3.8.51 Family of M. Antonius 9 /senators

ῥιπτούμενοί τε πρὸ ποδω̑ν … μελαίνῃ στολῃ̑

ἐκάμπτοντο

50.118, 60.171, 228.47, 231.72

BC 4.9.67–70 Archelaus/Cassius

τη̑ς δεξιᾶς λαβόμενος

ὑφελόντα

87.347, 96.397, 162.314, 130.150, 130.151

BC 5.1.4 Sundry/Artemis of Ephesus

ἱκέτας

ἀπέλυε 10

36.41, 142.224, 243.136, 245.149, 259.232

BC 5.1.7 L. Cassius Longinus 11 and others/Antony

ἱκέται

ἀπέλυε 12

142.224, 243.136, 245.149

BC 5.1.9 Arsinoe/Artemis of Miletus

ἱκέτιν

slain

36.41, 157.298, 259.233

BC 5.1.9 Serapion/Tyrians

ἱκέτην

removed 13

23.93, 259.233

BC 5.1.9 Unnamed/Aradians

ἱκέτην

removed 14

149.251, 259.233

BC 5.1.9 Ephesians/Antony

ἱκετευσάντων

request granted

BC 5.3.19 Farmers/L. Antonius 15

ἱκέτας

ὑπεδέχετο

112.43, 227.40, 269.281, 383.1

Hisp. 43 Complegans/T. Sempronius Gracchus 17

σὺν ἱκετηρίαις

interrupted 16

222.13, 247.167

Hisp. 52 Caucaean elders/L. Licinius Lucullus 18

στεφανωσάμενοί … φέροντες ἱκετηρίας

betrayed

32.16, 57.155, 75.267, 125.129, 222.13, 267.271

Hisp. 61 Spaniards/C. Vetilius 20

σὺν ἱκετηρίαις

γη̑ν … ὑπισχνει̑το 19

19.74, 112.43, 222.13, 223.19, 247.163

Ill. 9 Genthius/Cn. Anicius 21

γονυπετὴς

ἀνίστη

50.119, 109.20, 266.262

Ill. 24 Segestans/Augustus

ἱκετεύειν

χρήμασιν ἐζημίωσε

222.13, 234.84

Ill. 28 Dalmatians/Augustus

σὺν ἱκετηρίᾳ

σφᾶς παρέδοσαν

19.74, 222.13, 234.84, 267.271

Mith. 23 Romans/Artemis of Ephesus et al. 22

συμπλεκομένους

ἐξέλκοντες

36.41, 121.107, 149.251, 260.236

τοις ἀγάλμασιν

ἔκτεινον

Mith. 53 Ilians/Athena

ἐς τὸν νεών καταφυγόντων

burned

155.285

Mith. 73 Cyzician prisoners/Pisistratus

χει̑ρας … ὀρέγοντες

rejected

51.123

Mith. 104 Tigranes V/Cn. Pompeius Magnus 23

κατέφευγεν ἱκέτης

συνεγίνωσκε

222.13, 223.15, 243.136, 245.149

Pun. 83–90 Carthaginian legates/L. Marcius Censorinus 24 and P. Cornelius Scipio Africanus Aemilianus 25

ἰκεσία

ἄπιτε

78.288, 96.397, 132.169

Pun. 130 Byrsans/Aemilianus

ἱκετηρίας λαβόντες

spared 26

222.13

(1.) RE 58.

(2.) RE 98.

(3.) RE 22.

(4.) RE 97.

(5.) RE 392.

(6.) RE 131.

(7.) RE 53. Suppositious act is italicized.

(8.) RE 59, hereafter “Cassius.”

(9.) RE 30, hereafter “Antony.”

(10.) By Antony, who did not spare Petronius, privy to the murder of Caesar, and a centurion who betrayed Dolabella. They may have been removed.

(11.) RE 65.

(12.) By Antony, who did not spare those privy to the murder of Caesar.

(13.) Assuming that he came to an altar.

(14.) Same.

(15.) RE 23.

(16.) By an attack by the suppliants, who were defeated and conquered.

(17.) RE 53.

(18.) RE 104.

(19.) Later repudiated by the suppliants.

(20.) RE 1.

(21.) RE 3.

(22.) Pergamine Asclepius, the statue of Hestia in the Caunian Council chamber, and the temple of Concord in Tralles, but without removing before killing as at Ephesus.

(23.) RE 31.

(24.) RE 46.

(25.) RE 335, hereafter “Aemilianus.”

(26.) Except for Roman deserters, who were burned in the temple of Asclepius.

(p.306)

(p.307)

SUPPLIANT/SUPPLICANDUS

GESTURE/WORD

RESPONSE

PAGES(S)

Ach. 414–34 Dicaeopolis/Euripides

πρὸς τω̑ν γονάτων

request granted

70.226

Lys. 1139–40 Periclides/Athens

ἱκέτης καθίζετο

request granted

Pax 1113–21 Priest/Trygaeus

πρὸς τω̑ν γονάτων

request denied

63.190, 70.228, 163.26, 218.215

Pl. 382–85 unnamed/Athens

ἐπὶ του̑ βωμου̑ καθεδούμενον ἱκετηρίαν λαβὼν

unstated 1

100

Thes. 179–208 Euripides/Agathon

ἱκέτης ἀφι̑γμαι

rejected

132.168, 163.25, 218.215

Thes. 689–946 Mnesilochus/altar of Demeter

flight

δη̑σον αὐτὸν εἰσαγών

37.41, 47.107, 100.416, 153, 168.25, 178

(1.) Ostensible act.

(p.308)

SUPPLIANT/SUPPLICANDUS 1

GESTURE/WORD

RESPONSE

PAGE(S)

Aeschin. 1.60 Pittalicus/Mother of the Gods

καθίζει ἐπὶ τὸν βωμὸν

πείθουσιν ἀναστη̑ναι

127.136, 177.23

Aeschin. 1.61 Two citizens/Pittalicus

same

same

109.23, 130.150, 218.216

Aeschin. 1.99.1 Mother/Timarchus

ἱκετευούσης

request denied

35.33, 163.27

Aeschin. 1.104 Pauper/council

ἱκετηρίαν θέντος

request denied

76.271, 163.28, 177.23, 180.42, 192.94

Aeschin. 2.15 Relatives of captives/council

ἱκετηρίαν θέντες

request granted

And. 1.19 Andocides/father

λαμβανόμενος τω̑ν γονάτων

request granted

35.34, 218.215

And 1.44 Two councillors/ council altar

ἐπὶ τὴν ἑστίαν ἐκαθέζοντο

request granted

75.262, 131.164

And. 1.50–53 Charmides/Andocides

ἱκετεύοντος

request granted

And. 1.110 Unknown/council altar

ἱκετηρίας, ώς καταθείην

request denied

36.37, 56.144, 131.164, 174.12, 177.23

And. 2.15 Andocides/council altar

προσπηδω̑ πρὸς τὴν ἑστίαν

spared 2

149.251, 168.3 184.60

Dem. 24.12 Naucratite shipowners/council

ἔθεσαν τὴν ἱκετηρίαν

request denied

131.164, 163.31 177.26, 180.43

Dem. 24.49–52 Timocrates/Council

τὸ δει̑σθαι καὶ μετὰ συμφορᾶς ἱκετεύειν

request denied

179.37

Dem. 50.5 Allies/Assembly

ἱκέτευον

request granted

57.156

Dem. 59.81–83 Theogenes/Areopagus

ἐδει̑το ἱκετεύων

pardoned

33.23, 191.89

Din. 1.18–19 Thebans/Arcadians

herald's wand

request denied

56.14

Is. 8.22 Widow/grandson

ἱκετευούσης

request granted

35.33, 59.160, 74.252

Isoc. 6.23 Cresphontidae/Spartans

ἱκέται κατέστησαν

accepted

108.12

Isoc. 6.75 same

ἱκετεύοντας

same

Isoc. 14 Plataeans/Athens

ἱκετεύουντες

request denied

134.179, 163.33, 177.26, 181–182

Lycurg. in Leocr. 93 Callistratus/Twelve gods

ἐπὶ τὸν Βωμὸν τω̑ν δώδεκα θεω̑ν

voluntary departure

149.251, 174.13, 196.111

καταφύγοντα

Lycurg. in Leocr. 128 Pausanias/Athena of the Brazen House

καταφυγὼν εἰς τὸ τη̑ς Χαλκιοίκου ἱερόν

starved

153.279

Lys. 1.19–20 Slave/Euphiletus

πρὸς τὰ γόνατα πεσου̑σα

πίστιν λαβου̑σα

35.30, 74.256

Lys. 1.25–27 Eratosthenes/Euphiletus

ἱκέτευε

rejected

74.258, 163.34, 199–200, 218.216

Lys. 13.23–29 Agoratus/Artemis of Munichia

καθίζουσιν ἐπι τὸν βωμόν

removed 3

36.41, 38.49, 149.251, 192–193

Lys. 32.10–11 Widow/speaker

ἱκέτευε

request granted

(1.) Supplication of jurors excluded, as are cases of supplication reported in Homer and tragedy. Suppositious act is italicized.

(2.) But removed and imprisoned.

(3.) Or voluntarily departed. 13.28 gives both outcomes.

(p.309)

SUPPLIANT/SUPPLICANDUS

GESTURE/WORD

RESPONSE

PAGE(S)

2.7.2–3 Plangon/Callirhoe

λαβομένη … γονάτων

request granted

46.102, 80.303

2.10.2–11.6 Callirhoe/Plangon

προσπεσου̑σα γόνασι

request taken under advisement

46.102, 63.187 113.210

3.2.1 Dionysus/Callirhoe

γόνασι προσπεσει̑ν

not performed 1

46.102

3.5.5–6 Mother/Chareas

γονάτων … λαβομένη

no reply

46.102, 80.302

4.3.9–4.2 Chareas/Mithridates

γόνασι προσπεσω̑ν

request granted 2

46.102

5.10.4 Son/Callirhoe (on behalf offather)

ἱκέτευσον

prevented

46.72, 46.102, 86.343

(1.) Suppositious act.

(2.) This is the second request, to make a trip. The first request, to be put to death, is denied.

(p.310)

SUPPLIANT/SUPPLICANDUS 1

GESTURE/WORD

RESPONSE

PAGE(S)

1.5.5–7 Sabine women/soldiers

τὰ ἱμάτια καταρρηξ‐άμεναι, τούς τε μαστοὺς καὶ τὰς γαστέρας γυμνώσασαι

comitium formed 1

83.325, 97.402

28.95.1 Q. Caecilius Metellus Pius 2 /public

ἱκέτευεν

unstated

36.52.3–4 Tigranes II/Cn. Pompeius Magnus 3

ἐς τὴν γη̑ν πεσόντα

ἐξανέστησε

109.20, 239.111

40.41.2–3 Vercingetorix/ C. Julius Caesar 4

πεσὼν δὲ ἐς γόνυ τώ τε χει̑ρε πιέσας

slain

219.1, 219.3

42.43.4 Egyptians/Caesar

ἱκετείαν

οὐκ ἐδέξατο

223.15, 383.3

42.49.2 Family of Pompey/Heracles Melkarth

ἔφυγον

ὑπεδέξαντο

23.93, 383.3

43.12.3 L. Julius Caesar 5 /Caesar

ἱκετεύσαντα

slain

246.156

44.19.3 Unnamed/Caesar

ἱκέτευονsupplicandus slain

247.168

45.32.3–4 M. Antonius 6 /Caesar

ἱκέτευες

no reply

73.251, 239.113

47.8.5 Julia 7 /Antony (on behalf of L. Julius Caesar)

ἱκετευσάσης

spared

35.33, 42.77

48.24.2 Cleopatra's brothers/ Ephesus Artemis

none stated

ἀποσπάσας

36.41, 156.290, 168.32, 259.233

48.31.6 Octavian/mob

τήν τε ἐσθη̑τα περιερρήξατο καὶ πρὸς ἱκετείαν

spared

60.176

49.12.4 M. Aemilius Lepidus 8 /Octavian

ἐν ἐσθη̑τι φαιᾳ̑ ἱκέτης

relegated

59.161

49.20.4 Syrians/Antiochus I of Commagene

κατέφυγον

accepted

259.234

54.14.2–3 Licinius Regulus 9 and Articuleius Paetus 11 /Senate

τήν τε ἐσθη̑τα … κατερρήξατο, καὶ τὸ σω̑μα γυμνώσας

unstated 10

60.176, 73.248, 81.310, 228.51

54.23.3 Slave/Augustus

προσπεσόντος οἱ

accepted

31.8, 234.83, 244.144

59.19.5–6 Cn. Domitius Afer 12 /Caligula

ἔς τε τὴν γη̑ν κατέ‐πεσε … χαμαὶ κείμενος ἱκέτευσεν

spared

31.10, 50.118, 235.92, 239.116

64.14.4 Soldiers of Vitellius/soldiers of Vespasian

χει̑ράς … προετείνοντο

ὁμολογίαν 13

51.122, 112.43

65.16.2 Imposter's wife/Vespasian

τὰ παιδία … προβαλου̑σα

slain

31.10, 55.135, 99.412, 235.91, 252.199

67.5.1 Chariomerus/Domitian

ἱκέτευσε

request denied

31.10, 222.13, 236.95

67.13.3–4 P. Juventius Celsus 14 /Domitian

προσκυνήσας

ἀφεθεὶς

239.114, 381.4

68.10.1 Ambassadors of of Decebalus/Senate

συνη̑ψαν τὰς χει̑ρας ἐν αἰχμαλώτων σχήματι

treaty

59.163, 60.176, 230.59

72.16.1 Zanticus/Marcus Aurelius

ἱκετεύσαντος

ἐς ὁμολογίαν ἠ̑λθον

31.10, 112.43, 234.85

77.9.3 Pollenius Sebennus 15 /Noricans

ἐπί … τη̑ς γη̑ς κείμενον … ἱκετεύοντα

spared

50.118, 74.258

78.19.3–4 Gladiator/Caracalla

ἱκετεύοντος

rejected

31.10, 252.201

80.19.3 Sardanapalus/soldiers (on behalf of Hierocles)

ἱκετεύσαντα

spared

41.72, 83.322, 248.175

(1.) ἐς λόγους αὐτου̑, ὥσπερ εἰ̑χον, ἐν τῳ̑ κομιτίῳ δι᾽ αὐτὸ του̑το κληθέντι συνελθει̑ν.

(2.) RE 98.

(3.) RE 31, hereafter “Pompey.”

(4.) RE 131, hereafter “Caesar.”

(5.) RE 144.

(6.) RE 30, hereafter “Antony.”

(7.) RE 543.

(8.) RE 73.

(9.) RE 149.

(10.) Since D.C. does not say whether these men obtained their requests, though he does say that Augustus made a new revision of the Senate roll. His previous revision led to the acts of supplication.

(11.) RE 2.

(12.) RE 14.

(13.) I.e., surrender.

(14.) RE 13.

(15.) RE 5.

(p.311)

8.4 Tarantines/Pyrrhus

ἱκετεύοντας

request granted

9.6 Syracusans/Senate

εἰς ἱκετείαν

συγγνώμης τυχει̑ν

230.58, 243.136, 245.149

9.24 Cretans/Romans

ἱκετείαις

σύμμαχοι καλει̑σθαι

119.95

9.24 Prusias II/Senate

τὸν οὐδὸν φιλήσας … προσκυνήσας

same

50.118, 119.95

9.26 Carthaginian ambassadors/Senate

ἱκετείαν

σπονδὰς

41.72, 119.95, 230.62

9.30 Hasdrubal 1 /P. Cornelius Scipio Africanus Aemilianus 2

ἱκετηρίαν ἔχων

spared

(1.) Geus, “Hasdrubal,” 14.

(2.) RE 335.

77.8 Cleopatra/ Octavian

ἱκέτευεν

κατανεύσαντος 70

(p.312)

SUPPLIANT/SUPPLICANDUS 1

GESTURE/WORD

RESPONSE

PAGE(S)

10.16.4 Lydians/Polycrates

ἱκέται

betrayed

45.93, 46.98, 126.134

11.45.4–5 Courier/Poseidon at Taenurus

καθεζόμενος ἐν τῳ̑ … ἱερῳ̑

silence purchased

11.45.5–9 Pausanias/Athena of the Brazen House

κατέφυγεν

removed

153.279, 154.280

11.56.1–4 Themistocles/Admetus

πρὸς … ἑστίαν

dismissed

31.7, 38.54, 45.93, 46.99

Themistocles/Lysithides

ἱκέτης κατέφυγεν

dismissed

383.1

11.92.1–4 Ducetius/marketplace altars of Syracusans

ἱκέτης

dismissed

159.302, 168.42, 383.1

12.9.2–4 Sybarites/altars at Croton

καταφυγόντων ἐπὶ τοὺς … βωμοὺς

accepted

177.22

12.57.3–4 Corcyrans/altars

ἱκέται

dismissed 1

169.47

13.19.2–33.1 Athenians/Syracusans

ἱκέται

slain or enslaved

32.18, 45.93, 51.122, 87.350, 112.44, 113.54, 127.139, 144–145, 164.43, 383.1

13.57.3–4 Selinuntians/temples

εἰς τὰ ἱερὰ καταπεφευγότας

enslaved 2

121.105, 151.265, 168.14

13.62.4 Himerans/temples

καταφυγόντας ἱκέτας

ἀποσπάσας

121.105, 151.265, 168.15

13.67.7 Byzantines/altars

ἱκέτας ὄντας

trial promised

114.66, 220.5

13.90.1–2 Acragantines/temples

ἐν τοι̑ς ναοι̑ς καταπεφευγότας

ἀποσπω̑ντες ἀνη̑ρουν

121.105, 151.265, 168.16

13.108.6 Geloan women/altars in marketplace

καταφυγουσω̑ν

request granted

14.4.6–5.4 Theramenes/council altar

ἀνεπήδησε … πρὸς … ῾Εστίαν

ἀποσπάσαντες

14.53.1–4 Motyans/shrines

εἰς τὰ ἱερὰ φυγει̑ν

enslaved

121.105, 151.265, 168.13

17.13.6 Thebans/altars

εἰς τὰ ἱερὰ καταπεφευγότες

enslaved 3

121.105, 151.261, 168.12

17.22.4 Milesians/Alexander

μεθ᾽ ἱκετηριω̑ν προσπίπτοντες

φιλανθρώπως προσηνέχθη

32.13, 45.93, 56.140, 230.109

17.35.5 Persian women/Macedonians

προσπίπτουσαι γόνασι

enslaved

19.74, 45.93, 46.96

17.91.4 Indians/Alexander

μεθ᾽ ἱκετηριω̑ν

ἀπέλυσε

19.74, 32.113, 45.93, 249.179

17.96.5 Agalasseis/Alexander

μεθ᾽ ἱκετηριω̑ν

ἀπέλυσε

32.13, 45.93, 249.179

17.102.7 Brahmins/Alexander

μεθ᾽ ἱκετηριω̑ν

ἀπέλυσε

32.13, 45.93, 249.179

17.103.8 Harmatelians/Alexander

μεθ᾽ ἱκετηριω̑ν

ἀπέλυσε

32.13, 45.93, 249.179

17.108.6–7 Harpalus/Athenians

ἱκέτης

dismissed

45.93, 159.302, 168.41 177.26

18.66 Phocion/Alexander, son of Polyperchon

κατέφυγον

dismissed under guard

159.303, 169.44

19.7.2–4 Syracusans/shrines

εἰς τὰ τεμένη κσταφυγου̑σιν

slain or enslaved

157.298

19.63.5 Friends of Alexander, son of Polyperchon/Artemis of Orchomenus

καταφυγόντων

βιαίως ἀναστήσαντες

36.41, 110.35, 149.251, 151.263, 168.8

24.12.1–2 Carthaginian prisoner/widow of M. Atilius Regulus 4

ἱκεσίας

request denied

26.20.1–2 Syracusans/M. Claudius Marcellus 5

μεθ᾽ ἱκετηρίας

eventual enslavement

45.93, 121.105, 245.151

29.25 Perseus/Samothrace

ἱκεσίαν

ἄκυρον

131.163, 141.216, 164

31.5.3 Rhodians/Senate

πένθιμον ἀναλαβει̑ν ἐσθη̑τα

request partially granted

45.93, 60.177, 230.60

32.6.3–4 Carthaginians/Romans

ῥιψάντων ἑαυτους ἐπὶ τὴν γη̑ν

rejected

19.74, 41.72, 45.93, 50.118

32.23 Hasdrubal 6 /P. Cornelius Scipio Africanus Aemilianus 7

προσπεσὼν γόνασι

accepted

45.93, 46.96, 56.143

34/35.28 Q. Antyllius 8 /C. Sempronius Gracchus 9

προσέπεσε γόνασιν

slain

45.93, 46.96, 50.116

36.15.2–3 L. Appuleius Saturninus 10 /plebs

πρὸς τὰ γόνατα πίπτων … ται̑ς χερσίν ἐπιφυόμενος

acquitted

45.93, 46.97, 50.116, 59.162, 231.67

36.16 Q. Caecilius Metellus Pius 11 /people

προσπίπτων … γόνασι

request denied

45.93, 46.97, 50.116, 231.67

37.19.5–20 Children of Pinna/fathers

none stated

request denied

35.32, 55.135, 99.413

(1.) I.e., sent into exile, ἐκ τη̑ς πόλεως .. ἐξέπεμψαν.

(2.) 13.58.2, in reference to women and children. Perhaps the men were removed and killed.

(3.) 17.14.3–4.

(4.) RE s.v. “Marcius,” 112.

(5.) RE 220.

(6.) Geus, “Hasdrubal,” 6.

(7.) RE 335.

(8.) RE s.v. “Antullius,” 1.

(9.) RE 47.

(10.) RE s.v. “Apuleius,” 29.

(11.) RE 98.

(p.313)

(p.314)

SUPPLIANT/SUPPLICANDUS 1

GESTURE/WORD

RESPONSE

PAGE(S)

1.20.1 Pelasgians/Aborigines

ἱκετηρίας

λαβει̑ν συμμαχίαν

19.74, 57.157, 119.95

1.58.2–59.1 Aeneas/Latinus

ἱκέται

συνθη̑και95.387, 112.47, 119.95, 240.119, 26.260

1.79.2 Amulius's daughter/Amulius (on behalf of Ilia)

ἱκετευούσης

spared

42.77

3.41.5 Volscians/Ancus Marcius

σὺν ἱκετηρίαις

εἰρήνην καὶ φιλίαν συντίθεται

57.157, 119.95

3.50.1 Nomentans/Tarquinius Priscus

ἱκετηρίας ἀναλαβόντες

παρέδοσαν ἑαυτούς

266.265

4.10.6–12.3 Servius Tullius/people

ἐσθη̑τα πιναρὰν περιβεβλημένος

request granted

81.309, 87.347, 232.76

4.27.4–6 Etruscans/ServiusTullius

σὺν ἱκετηρίαις

forgiven 2

19.74

4.66.1–67.1 Lucretia 3 /Sp. Lucretius Tricipitinus 4

γονάτων αυ̑του̑ λαβομένη

ἀνιστάντος

35.32, 50.116, 60.177, 95, 109.20, 110.31

5.3 Tarquinus Superbus/Tarquinians

ἱκέτου

accepted

81.309, 96.398

5.59.5 Fidenates/Latins

ἱκετηρίας φέροντας

overtaken by events 5

6.18.1–21.2 Delgates of Latins/Senate

τω̑ν γονάτων ἁπτό‐μενοι … τὰς ἱκετηρίας παρὰ συμμαχίαν τοι̑ς ποσὶ … τιθέντες

τὴν ἀρχαίαν φιλίαν καὶ καὶ τοὺς ὅρκους

41.72, 50.116, 57.157, 144.232

6.25.2 Volscians/P. Servilius Priscus 6

ἱκετηρίας ἀναλαβόντες

deditio

266.265

6.51.2 Plebeians/senators

ἐν ἐσθη̑σιν ἐλεειναι̑ς καὶ σχήμασι πενθίμοις

unstated

59.163, 60.177, 229.53

7.5.1–2 Legates of Aricini/Cumaeans

σὺν ἱκετηρίαις

request granted

32.19, 41.72

8.1.5–2.1 Cn. Marcius Coriolanus 7 / Attius Tullus

καθεζόμενος ἐπὶ τη̑ς ἑστίας

ἐμβαλὼν τὴν δεξιάν

38.52

8.17.6 Tolerienses/Coriolanus

ἱκεσίας

spared

51.124

8.19.4 Labicani/Coriolanus

προτείνοντες ἱκετηρίαις

deditio

266.265

8.40.1–43.2 Women/Veturia 8

γονάτων ἁπτόμεναι

request granted

42.77, 50.116

8.45.1–54.1 Veturia/Coriolanus (on behalf of Romans)

ἔρριψεν ἑαυτὴν χαμαὶ

request granted

42.77, 50.118, 60.117, 99.412

8.67.8 Volscians/Romans

ἱκεσίας

spared

51.124

9.17.1–2 Veians/L. Aemilius Mamercus 9

ἱκετηρίας φέροντες

request granted

119.95, 222.13, 223.19

9.36.2 Veians/A. Manlius Vulso 10

ἱκετηρίας φέροντες

συγγνώμης τυχει̑ν

119.95, 222.13

9.47.1 Claudii/Rome

ἱδρύθησαν ἱκέται

accepted 11

9.60.5 Antiates/Aequi

ἱκέτας

accepted

10.24.6–8 Aequi/L. Quinctius Cincinnatus 12

ἱκετηρίας ἀναλαβόντες

deditio

142.224, 222.13, 266.265

17/18.1.3–4 Delegates of Lucani/Senate

ἱκέτας

φιλίαν … συνάψαι

41.72, 119.95, 230.59

Comp. 12.18 Persian/Alexander

γόνατα συγκαμφθεὶς

slain

50.119

(1.) Suppositious or interrupted acts are italicized. Except for the last act, all acts occur in the Antiquitates Romanae.

(2.) Save for three cities, Caere, Tarquinii, and Veii.

(3.) RE 38.

(4.) RE 30.

(5.) Capture of Fidenae by the Romans, against whom the Fidenates sought aid.

(6.) RE 76.

(7.) RE 51 in Suppl. 5, hereafter “Coriolanus.”

(8.) RE 24.

(9.) RE 96.

(10.) RE 89.

(11.) Suppositious since no supplication reported at 5.40.3–5.

(12.) RE 27.

(p.315)

SUPPLIANT/SUPPLICANDUS 1

GESTURE/WORD

RESPONSE

PAGE(S)

Alc. 400–3 Child/Alcestis

καλου̑μαι ὁ σὸς ποτὶ σοι̑σι πίτνων στόμασιν

none

35.35

And. 1–412 Andromache/Thetis

at altar

betrayed

37.43, 71.237, 75.262, 127–8, 155.288, 168.28, 184.61

And. 537–40 Molossus/Menelaus

προσπίτνεις

rejected

45.92, 99.411, 146.240, 163.19

And. 539–717 Andromache/Peleus

πίτνουσα γονάτων

ἔπαιρε σαυτὴν

45.92, 92.374

And. 859 Hermione/gods

ἄγαλμα θεω̑ν ὁρμαθω̑

presumably rejected

And. 860 Hermione/Andromache

γόνασι προσπέσω;

same

And. 894–984 Hermione/Orestes

προστίθημι γόνασιν ὠλένας

ἄξω σ᾽ ἐς οἴκους

45.92, 86.343

Cyc. 285–327 Odysseus/Cyclops

ἱκετεύομεν

request denied

97.399, 165.a

El. 1206–15 Clytemnestra/Orestes

ἔδειξε μάστον πρὸς γένυν τιθει̑σα χει̑ρα

rejected

35.33, 55.136, 80.298, 85.338

HF 1–327 Family/Zeus Sôtêr

interrupted

36.41, 71.237, 92.374, 155.288, 168.29, 177.22, 188.79

HF 327–32 Megara/Lycus

ἱκνου̑μαι

request granted

HF 715–16 Megara/Hestia

ἱκέτιν θάσσειν

prayer granted

HF 986–95 Children/Heracles

πρὸς γενει̑ον χει̑ρα καὶ δέρην

slain

35.34, 45.92, 55.136, 163.16

Hec. 245–50 Odysseus/Hecuba

ἥψω γονάτων;

accepted

45.92, 247.166

Hec. 286–305 Hecuba/Odysseus

φίλον γένειον … οἴκτιρον

request denied

45.92, 134.180, 163.21

Hec. 342–45 Polyxena/Odysseus

μή σου προσθίγω γενείαδος

κρύπτοντα χει̑ρα καὶ πρόσωπον στρέφοντα

45.92, 47.111, 130.52, 163.22

Hec. 752–856 Hecuba/Agamemnon

τω̑νδε γουνάτων καὶ σου̑ γενείου δεξιᾶς τ᾽

request granted

45.92, 81.306, 95.391

Hec. 1127–28 Polymnestor/Agamemnon

πρὸς θεω̑ν…λίσσομαι

request granted

86.340, 218.215

Hel. 1–556 Helen/Proteus

τόνδ᾽ ἐς οἰ̑κον Πρώτεως ίδρύσατο

accepted

37.43, 71.237

Hel. 894–1004 Helen/Theonoë

ίκέτις … πίτνω γόνυ

accepted

42.79, 45.92, 84.331, 85.334

Heracl. 1–308 lolaus and Heraclidae/Zeus Agoraios

καθεζόμεσθα βώμιοι

accepted then rejected 2

69.224, 86.343, 103.432, 108.15, 113.52, 134.178, 156.293, 168.34, 177.21, 381.3

Hipp. 325–35 Nurse/Phaedra

χειρὸς ἐξαρτωμένη

σεβάς χειρός

35.30, 45.92, 47.109

Hipp. 605–11 Nurse/Hippolytus

πρὸς τη̑σδε δειξιᾶς

οὐ μὴ προσοίσεις χει̑ρα

45.92, 69.224, 131.160, 163.17

IA 900–36 Clytemnestra/Achilles (on behalf of Iphigenia)

προσπεσει̑ν τὸν σὸν γόνυ

accepted

45.92, 69.224, 110.35

IA 1153–56 Agamemnon/Tyndareus

ἱκέτην γενόμενον

accepted

218.215, 383.1

IA 1214–75 Iphigenia/Agamemnon

ἱκετηρίαν δὲ γόνασιν ἐξάπτω

rejected

45.92, 53–55, 86.343, 131.159, 165.b

IA. 1245–48 Orestes/Agamemnon

none stated

unstated

53–55

IT 1068–78 Iphigenia/Chorus

πρός σε δεξιᾶς ίκνου̑μαι

request granted

45.92, 110.33

Ion 1255–1613 Creusa/Apollo

ἵζε νυ̑ν πυρᾶς ἔπι

accepted

37.41, 71.237, 203.139

Med. 324–51 Medea/Creon

πρὸς γονάτων

request granted

45.92, 70.227, 135.188

Med. 709–53 Medea/Aegeus

τη̑σδε πρὸς γενειάδος γονάτων τε τω̑ν σω̑ν

ὄμνυμι

45.92, 47.110, 69.224, 83.324

Med. 853–55 Chorus/Medea

πρὸς γονάτων

unstated

Med. 856–65 Children/Medea

unstated

unstated

35.35

Or. 380–721 Orestes/Menelaus

γονάτων … θιγγάνω

aversion

45.92, 80.301, 81.306, 107.6, 163.20

Or. 1506–27 Phrygian/Orestes

προσκυνω̑ σ᾽

accepted

238.105

Ph. 923–59 Creon/Tiresias

πρὸς γονάτων καὶ γεραισίμου τριχός

aversion

45.92, 74.253, 131.160, 140.211, 163.24, 218.215

Ph. 1567–69 Jocasta/sons

μάστον ἔφερεν … ἱκέτιν

request denied 3

35.33, 45.92, 80.296, 163.23

Supp. 1–361 Argives/Demeter

ἱκτη̑ρι θαλλω̑ι προσπίτνουσ᾽ ἐμὸν γόνυ

προσάψας φίλην χει̑ρα 4

37.41, 41.71, 51.120, 68.222, 74.252, 107.11, 108.15, 109.22, 132–133, 177.21, 276.315, 387–388

Tro. 1042–57 Helen/Menelaus

πρὸς … γονάτων

rejected 5

35.31, 100.422, 131.160, 163.18, 238.105

Tro. 1042–57 Hecuba/Menelaus

λίσσομαι

request granted

75.260, 95.391

Alexander Paris/Zeus

in aram Iouis insiluit

spared 6

71.237

Dictys Danaë and Dictys/altars

rescued 7

71.231, 156.294

Hypsipyle, fr. 757.57-60 Hypsipyle/Amphiaraus

γονάτων ίκέτις… πίτνω

unstated

Phaethon fr. 781.72–75 TGF Clymena/Oceanus

πρόσπεσε γόνυ

unstated

Telephus Telephus/altar 8

unstated

100.416

Fr. 937, 38 TGF Unknown

μὴ κτει̑νε^. τὸν ἱκέτην οὐ γάρ θέμις κτανει̑ν

unstated

Fr. 1049 TGF Unknown

βωμὸν προσίζει

unstated

(1.) No line numbers for acts coextensive with the entire play. Suppositious acts are italicized.

(2.) Rejection of the supplicandus's offer of protection: 344–52. The offer is effectively rescinded by the suggestion that one of the suppliants be sacrificed: 420–22.

(3.) 1428–35 offers another version of the same events, but excludes supplication.

(4.) Theseus taking the hand of Aethra, who has interceded on behalf of the Argives, who also supplicate him personally 277–85. Temporary rejection: 248–49.

(5.) Temporary. He later spares Helen, but the play does not indicate when. Another version of the same act: Or. 526–28.

(6.) Hyg. Fab. 91.

(7.) Apollod. 2.4.

(8.) Ar. Thes. 694–95; for other sources, see Handley and Rhea, Telephos, 8–20.

(p.316)

(p.317)

SUPPLIANT/SUPPLICANDUS 1

GESTURE/WORD

RESPONSE

PAGE(S)

1.12.3 Aristippus/Cnemon

προσπίπτει … γόνασι

spared

46.103

2.13.4–14.1 Thermouthis/Theagenes

ὑποπεσὼν … ἱκέτευε

ἀνέστησε

24.96, 87.345, 109.21, 110.35

4.18.1–3 Theagenes and Chariclea/Calasiris

γόνασιν … προσπεσόντες

ἀνίστων

46.103, 62.184, 110.35

5.25.1–2 Phoenicians/pirates

προσπεσόντες ἱκέτευον

spared

34.27, 71.234, 112.48

5.26.2–4 Chariclea/Trachinus

γόνασι προσέπιπτεν

ἀναστήσας

46.103, 62.184, 109.21, 110.35

7.23.7 Cybele/Arsace

προσπεσου̑σα τοι̑ς γόνασιν

request granted

46.103

9.6.1–3 Synaeans/Ethiopians

white flag

surrender accepted

46.103, 56.142

9.11.4–13.1 Synaeans/Ethiopians

κλάδους εἰς ἱκετηρίαν … ἔδη τω̑ν θεω̑ν προβεβλημένοι γονυπετου̑ντες … τὰ νεογνὰ … ἐπὶ γη̑ς προκαταβάλλοντες

tentative agreement 1

46.103, 50.116, 56.142, 57.153, 68.222, 92.374, 98.403, 99.413

10.10.1–2 Chariclea/Sismithres

προσπίπτει … γόνασι

trial granted

46.103, 75.262

10.38.1–2 Chariclea/Charicles

γόνασι … προσπεσου̑σα

response forestalled 2

46.103

(1.) I.e., no further hostilities, but the Ethiopians do not enter the city in force, as the suppliants request, and make unspecified promises (9.13.1).

(2.) Interrupted act.

(p.318)

SUPPLIANT/SUPPLICANDUS 1

GESTURE/WORD

RESPONSE

PAGE(S)

1.11.4–5 Vestal/populus

ἱκετεύει

appeal granted 1

75.262

1.16.4–5 Marcia 2 /Commodus

προσπίπτουσα

request denied

31.10, 132

1.16.5–17.1 Q. Aemilius Laetus 3 and Eclectus/Commodus

ίκέτευον

same

2.12.5–6 Didius Julianus/Senate

ἱκετεύεοντος

request denied

248

3.9.2 King of Armenia/Septimius Severus

ἱκετεύων

request ignored

31.10, 119.95, 236

7.5.4–7 Gordion/troops

ῥίψας … ἐς γη̑ν ἑαυτὸν

spared 4

50.118, 248.173

7.8.8 Italians/Maximinus

ἱκετηρίους᾽ θαλλοὺς και τέκνα προτείναντες

unstated 5

(1.) I.e., her appeal to let the goddess try the case against the Vestal, who was accused of unchastity; the goddess immediately works a miracle on her behalf.

(2.) RE 118.

(3.) RE 57.

(4.) On condition that he accept the throne. In the view of Townsend (1955), Gordion's initial reluctance to accept this condition is insincere.

(5.) Suppositious act.

(p.319)

SUPPLIANT/SUPPLICANDUS 1

GESTURE/WORD

RESPONSE

PAGE(S)

1.157–59 Pactyes/Cymaeans

ἱκέτης … φεύγων

accepted and dismissed

71.238, 82.317, 108.13, 124.124, 159.304, 169.45

1.160 Pactyes/Chians

not stated

ἐξ ἱρου̑ … ἀποσπασθείς

124.124, 149.251, 169.45

2.113 Slaves/Heracleum

ἱκέται ἱζόμενοι

accepted

19.74, 24.95

3.48 Corcyran youths/Artemisium

ἱρου̑ ἅψασθαι

accepted

36.41, 71.238, 92.374, 154.283, 168.22

3.147 Samians/shrines

flight implied

slain by Persians

157.298

4.145.4–47.1 Minyae/Spartans

ἥκειν ἐς τοὺς πατέρας lighting cultic fire

accepted

118.88, 247.166

4.165.2–67.1 Pheretima/satrap

ἱκέτις ἕζετο

accepted

31.7, 38.52, 46.99, 75.261

5.46 Euryleon/Zeus Agoraios

καταφύγοντα

slain by people

36.41, 157.299

5.51 Aristagoras/Cleomenes

λαβὼν ἱκετηρίαν

request denied

45.93, 46.99, 82.317, 144.233, 164.37

5.71 Cylonians/Athena Polias

ἱκέτης ἵζετο

ἀνιστᾶσι and betrayal

36.41, 71.238, 109.20, 110.35, 125.127, 194.101

5.119.2 Carians/Zeus of Labraunda

διαφυγόντες αὐτω̑ν κατειλήθησαν ἐς … ἱρόν

voluntary departure

56.145, 132.171

6.68 Demaratus/mother

κατικέτευε

ambiguous

45.93, 46.98, 64.195, 74.253

6.78–80 Argives/sacred wood

καταφυγόντας

ἄποινα and betrayal

56.145, 125.128, 155.285, 211.186

6.91.2 Argive/Demeter

καταφεύγει

door locked

37.47

6.108.4 Plataeans/Athenians

ἱκέται ἱζόμενοι

accepted

57.156, 174.13

7.141 Athenians/Apollo of Delphi

ἱκετηρίας λαβου̑σι

rejected, then accepted

30.3, 37.41, 74.253, 84.331, 85.336

7.233 Thebans/Persians

χει̑ράς τε προέτεινον

τοὺς δὲ πλευ̑νας ἔστιξαν στίγματα βασιλήια

51.123, 95.387, 120.140

8.53.2 Athenians/Athena Polias

κατέφευγον

ἱκέτας ἐφόνευον

157.298

9.76.2–3 Concubine/Pausanias

λαβομένη γούνων

request granted

32.12, 45.94, 72.239, 95.387

(p.320)

SUPPLIANT/SUPPLICANDUS 1

GESTURE/WORD

RESPONSE

PAGE(S)

Hesiod

Sc. 83–85 Amphitryon/Creon and Eniocha

ἴκετο 1

ἠσπάζοντο

Fr. 257 M–W Hyettus/Orchomenus

φευ̑γ᾽ … ἱ̑ξεν

δέξατο 2

31.6, 142.223, 383.3

The Homeric Hymns

h. Ven. 130–54 Aphrodite/Anchises

γουνάζομαι

λάβε χει̑ρα

63–64, 110.33

h. Ven. 181–95 Anchises/Aphrodite

γουνάζομαι

φίλος ἐσσὶ θεοι̑σι

64

The Epic Cycle

Procl. Chr. 107 Priam/Zeus Herkeios

ἐπὶ … βωμὸν καταφύγοντα

slain 3

36.41

Procl. Chr. 108 Cassandra/Athena Ilias

ἀποσπω̑ν συνεφέλκεται 4

36.44, 151.265, 152.271, 168.19

Procl. Chr. 108 Ajax/Athena Ilias

καταφεύγει καὶ διασῳ̑ζεται 5

36.41

Alcaeus

130.31–35 PLG Alcaeus/Hera of Lesbos

ἐς τέμενος θεω̑ν … οἴκημι

71

(1.) Confirmed by the words ἣ δίκη ἔσθ᾽ ἱκέτῃσι.

(2.) Paus. 9.36.6–7.

(3.) EGF p. 62.

(4.) ibid.

(5.) ibid.

(p.321)

SUPPLIANT/SUPPLICANDUS 1

GESTURE/WORD

RESPONSE

PAGE(S)

1.12–34 Chryses/Greeks

στέμματ᾽ ἔχων ἐν σκήπτρῳ λίσσετο

ἐπευφήμησαν and rejected by Agamemnon

19.73, 56, 81.311, 103.431, 114.60, 132.169, 134.180

1.495–530 Thetis/Zeus

λάβε γούνων ὑπ᾽ ἀνθερεω̑νος ἑλου̑σα λισσομένη

νευ̑σε Κρονίων

11.36, 45.88, 49.112, 63.186, 111.40, 123.113, 175.116

2.653–57 Tlepolemus/?

φεύγων … ἱ̑ξεν

none stated

45.90, 71.236, 111.36

6.45–65 Adrastus/Menelaus

λαβὼν … γούνων ἐλίσσετο

ἀπὸ ἕθεν ὤσατο χειρί

45.89, 70.231, 81.311, 107.11, 120.99, 130.151, 131.158, 143.227, 143.228, 163.7, 276.315

9.451–53 Mother/Phoenix

λισσέσκετο γούνων

τῃ̑ πιθόμην

35.33, 45.88, 70.227, 111.36

9.478–83 Phoenix/Peleus

φευ̑γον … ἐξικόμην

ὑπέδεκτο

45.90, 71.236, 117.81, 383.3

9.581–96 Colydonians/Meleager

λιτάνευε … ἐλίσσονθ᾽ … λίσσετ᾽ …

του̑ δ᾽ ὠρίνετο θυμός

35.31, 111.36, 165.d

10.454–56 Dolon/Diomedes

ἔμελλε γενείου χειρὶ … ἁψάμενος λίσσεσθαι

slain

70.231, 131.158, 136.192, 163.5, 220.6

11.130–47 Pisander and Hippolochus/Agamemnon

ἐκ δίφρου γουναζέσθην (figurative)

Πεισάνδρον … ἀφ᾽ ἵππων ὠ̑σε χαμάζε and slain

34.26, 62.182, 70.231, 81.311, 120.99, 141.218, 163.4, 273

13.694–97 Medon/unnamed

flight implied

evidently accepted 2

45.90, 111.36

14.258–61 Sleep/Night

ἱκόμην φεύγων

accepted 3

45.9

15.431–32 Lycophron/Ajax and Teucer

flight implied

ἰ̑σα φίλοισι … ἐτίομεν 4

31.6, 45.90, 111.36

15.660–7 Nestor/Greeks

λίσσσεθ᾽ γουνούμενος (figurative)

ὄτρυνε … θυμὸν ἑκάστου̑

62.182

16.570–74 Epigeus/Peleus

ἱκέτευσε

accepted

31.6, 45.90, 64.194, 71.236, 111.36

18.421–67 Thetis/Hephaestus

τά σά γούναθ᾽ ἱκάνω (figurative)

vow

63.186, 111.36

20.463–69 Tros/Achilles

ἥπτετο … γούνων ἱέμενος λίσσεσθ᾽

slain

34.26, 45.89, 70.231, 131.158, 163.1, 273.298

21.64–119 Lycaon/Achilles

ἑλὼν ἐλίσσετο γούνων

slain

34.26, 45.89, 70.231, 86, 120.99, 132.167, 134.180

22.37–78 Priam/Hector

ἐλεεινά προσηύδα χει̑ρας ὀρεγνύς

οὐδ᾽ … ἔπειθε

163.3

22.79–91 Hecuba/Hector

exposure of breasts λισσομένω with husband

οὐδ᾽ ἔπειθον

80.297, 134.178

22.337–60 Hector/Achilles

λίσσομ᾽ ὑπὲρ … γούνων

ὑπόδρα ἰδὼν

34.26, 62.181, 70.231, 86.339, 163.3

23.85–90 Patroclus/Peleus

flight implied

δεξάμενος

31.6, 45.90, 71.236, 95.389, 117.81, 140.213, 383.3

24.477–570 Priam/Achilles

λάβε γούνατα καὶ κύσε χει̑ρας λισσόμενος

χειρὸς ἀνίστη

19.73, 47.104, 50.117, 74.252, 99.410, 108.18

(1.) “Figurative” designates figurative use of γουνάζομαι/γουνου̑μαι. Except in the Meleager story, all entries refer to acts as opposed to reports of acts.

(2.) Italicized acts are missing from the lists given at 18 above.

(3.) Also 15.333–36.

(4.) 15.439.

(p.322)

SUPPLIANT/SUPPLICANDUS 1

GESTURE/WORD

RESPONSE

PAGE(S)

3.92–108 Telemachus/Nestor

τά σά γούναθ᾽ ἱκάνω (figurative) same

request granted

31.6, 35.29, 63.188, 73.244, 111.36

4.322–50 Telemachus/Menelaus

same

request granted

31.6, 35.29, 63.188, 73.244, 111.36

5.444–50 Odysseus/River God

same

prayer granted

63.192

6.141–94 Odysseus/Nausicaa

γουνου̑μαί (figurative)

accepted

39, 63.189, 111.36

7.139–71 Odysseus/Arete and Alcinous

βάλε γούνασι χει̑ρας … σόν τε πόσιν σά τε γούναθ᾽ Ικάνω

χειρὸς ἑλὼν … ὠ̑ρσεν

39, 108.18, 139.204, 228.44

9.250–80 Odysseus/Cyclops

τὰ σὰ γου̑να ἱκόμεθ᾽ (figurative)

rejected

62.182, 73.245, 86.340, 97.399, 139.203, 163.9

10.62–76 Odysseus/Aeolus

τὸδ᾽ ἱκάνεις

request denied 1

35.29, 132, 135.185, 163.8

10.264–73 Eurylochus/Odysseus

λαβὼν ἐλίσσετο γούνων

request granted

111.36

10.323–47 Circe/Odysseus

λάβε γούνων

accepted after oath by suppliant

111.36, 114.62

10.480–95 Odysseus/Circe

γούνων ἐλιτάνευσα

request granted

45.88, 63.192, 111.36

10.521–55 Odysseus/ghosts

πολλάγουνου̑σθαι (figurative)

prayer granted

11.66–80 Elpenor/Odysseus

γουνάζομαι (figurative)

request granted

74.252, 86.339, 98.408, 111.36

11.530–32 Neoptolemus/Odysseus

πόλλ᾽ ἱκέτευσε

unstated

13.226–49 Odysseus/Athena as herdsman

γούναθ᾽ ἱκάνω (figurative)

request granted

63.192, 111.36

13.324–51 Odysseus/Athena as goddess

γουνάζομαι (figurative)

request granted

63.192, 111.36

14.29–54 Odysseus/Eumaeus

ἱκέτην 2

request granted

37.46, 111.36

14.276–80 Odysseus/Pharaoh

κύσα γούναθ᾽ ἑλὼν

ἐς δίφρον … μ᾽ ἕσας

45.89

15.256–84 Theoclymenus/Telemachus

ἱκέτευσα

request granted

71.236, 111.36, 115–116

16.424–30 Antinous's father/Odysseus

ἵκετο φεύγων

accepted

31.6, 45.90, 71.236, 111.36

20.222–23 Philoetius/Unnamed king

ἐξικόμην φεύγων

none stated

19.73, 45.90

22.310–29 Leodes/Odysseus

λάβε γούνων

ὑπόδρα ἰδών

3.5, 4.6, 4.7, 4.8, 34.26, 81.305, 97.401, 130.153, 131.158, 134.180, 163.10

22.330–56 Phemius/Odysseus

same

accepted

3–4, 34.26, 97.401

22.361–77 Medon/Telemachus

same

same

(1.) Italicized acts are missing from the recent lists given at 18 above; one of these acts, 20.222–23, is suppositious. Quotation marks enclose words spoken by the suppliant or supplicandus, and “figurative” designates figurative use of γουνάζομαι/γουνου̑μαι. Except for the wanderings of Odysseus and the supplication of Antinous's father, all references are to acts and not reports of acts.

(2.) 14.511.

(p.323)

SUPPLIANT/SUPPLICANDUS 1

GESTURE/WORD

RESPONSE

PAGE(S)

2.14.4 Daphnis/Damon and Dryas

ἱκέτευε

informal hearing

2.19.1–3 Youths/Methymnians

ἱκετηρίας θέντες

declaration of war

95.391, 247.164

2.20.3 Chioe/Nymphs

καταφεύγει … ἱκέτις

removed

71.238, 151–152, 168.11

2.37.1 Pan/Syrinx 1

ἱκέτευε

request denied

78.286

3.18.1 Daphnis/Lycaenium

καταπεσὼν πρὸ τω̑ν ποδω̑ν … ἱκέτευεν

request granted

70, 78.286

4.10.1–2 Lamon/Astylus

πρὸ τω̑ν ποδω̑ν καταπεσὼν … ἱκέτευεν

request granted

4.16.1–17.1 Gnatho/Astylus

πόδας καὶ χει̑ρας κατεφίλει

request granted

78.286, 86.341, 247.167

4.25.2 Gnatho/Dionysus

ὥσπερ ἱκέτης

needless refuge

(1.) I.e., Daphnis/Chloe. Suppositious acts are italicized.

(p.324)

SUPPLIANT/SUPPLICANDUS 1

GESTURE/WORD

RESPONSE

PAGE(S)

Cat. 4 King/Hermes

ἱκέτευε

request denied

165.a

D deor. 9.2 Ixion/Hera

ὑβριστικά ἱκετεύοντος

request denied

78.286, 165.a

D mar. 1 Xanthus/Achilles

ἱκετεύσας

ignored

Lex. 12 Damasias and wife/Artemis

προσπεσόντεςἱκέτευεν

ἐπένευσε 1

98.403, 111.41

Nec. 21 Menippus/Tiresias

ἱκέτευον

request denied

165.a

Par. 46 Hector/Achilles

προσπίπτων

unstated

62.181

Pisc. 1–10 Lucian/philosophers

ἱκετεύω

trial granted

75.262, 86.341

Symp. 22 Pammenes/Lycinus

ἱκετεύοντι

οὐκ ἐπένευσα

111.41, 165

Tox. 35 Demetrius/Egyptian Magistrate

ἱκετεύων

acquitted

24.95

VH 1.19–20 Endymion/Moonites

ἱκέτευε

treaty made

119.95

VH 2.21 Empedocles//Elysium

πολλά ἱκετεύων

οὐ … παρεδέχθη

383.3

VH 2.27 Lucian/Rhadamanthys

πολλά ἱκέτευον

request denied

165.a

(1.) Supplicatory prayer is italicized.

(p.325)

SUPPLIANT/SUPPLICANDUS 1

GESTURE/WORD

RESPONSE

PAGE(S)

Ael. VH 3.26 Ephesians/Croesus

ἱκετηρίαν

spared

56.139, 57

Ael VH 6.7 Helots/Poseidon of Taenarus

ἱκέτας

παρασπονδήσαντες

119.95

Aristodem. 104 FGrH fr. 1.8.1–3 Argilius/Poseidon at Taenarus

ἱκέτυεν

unstated

Aristodem. 104 FGrH fr. 1.8.3–4 Pausanias/Athena of the Brazen House

ἱκέτυεν

removed

153.279

Aristodem. 104 FGrH fr. 1.10.2 Themistocles/King of Molossians

ἐπὶ τη̑ς ἑστίας ἰκετεύοντα

dismissed

Aristodem. 104 FGrH fr. ap 2 Cylon/Athena Polias

ἱκετης

betrayed

194.102

Arr. An. 1.8.8 Thebans/shrines

πρὸς ἰεροι̑ς ἰκετεύοντας

slain

Arr. An. 1.17.12 Syrphax and sons/Artemis of Ephesus

ἐκ του̑ ἱερου̑ ἐξαγαγόντες

36.41, 168.1

Arr. An. 5.1.4–2.4 Nysaeans/Alexander

πεσόντας εἰς γη̑ν

ἐξανέστηνσέ

32.13

Arr. An. 7.11.4–7 Soldiers/Alexander

ἱκετηρίαν

ἐφίλησε

37.45

Ath. Deip. 13.590e–f Phryne/jury

via Hyperides

acquitted

33.22, 102.428

Ath. Deip. 13.593a–b Ptolemy “the son”/Artemis of Ephesus

καταφυγόντος εἰς τὸ τη̑ς ᾽Αρτέμιδος ἱερὸν

slain

38.41, 157.298

Batto of Sinope 268 FGrH fr. 3 Girls/temple

καταφυγούσας

starved

154.284, 168.23

Chrysermus 287 FGrH fr. 4 Pausanias/Athena of the Brazen House

unstated

starved

153.279, 154.280

Ctes. 688 FGrH fr. 9 Croesus/Apollo of Sardis

καταφεύγει

πεδηθείς 1

37.41

Ephor. 70 FGrH fr. 186 Greek ambassadors/Gelon

ἱκετεύοντας

request denied

57.156, 75.267

Him. Or. 6.169–75 Persian ambassadors/Spartans

ἱκετηρία

request denied 2

57.156, 75.267

Men. Per. 1–? 3 Davus/altar

διαφυγών

unstated

153.276

Parth. 5.2 Son/mother

καθικέτευε

request granted

35.32, 78.286, 84.331

Parth. 9.3 Polycrita/Diognetus

καθικετεύει

καθωμολογήσατο

112.43

Parth. 17.5 Periander/Mother

ἐξικετευ̑σαι

request denied

35.32, 78.286, 164.50, 247

Parth. 18.4 Neaera/Naxians

ἱκέτις προσκαθίζετο

accepted

Schol. Dem. 1.41 Unnamed/shrine of Amyntas at Pydna

ἔφυγον ἐπὶ τὸ ᾽Αμύντιον ἱερὸν

betrayed

37.43, 128.145

Str. 6.1.14 Heracleans/Athena

ἀποσπωμένων τω̑ν ἱκετω̑ν

ὑπὸ ᾽Ιώνων

36.41, 168.9, 381.3

Str. 6.3.2 Partheniae/Spartans

ἱκέτευον

φυλακῃ̑ παρέδοσαν

108.12, 211.191, 381.4

Str. 8.6.14 Demosthenes and others/Poseidon of Calauria

ἱκέτας

accepted

36.41, 203.144

Str. 14.2.17 Ada/Alexander

ἱκετεύει

request granted

73.248

Suid. s.v. ῎Εορος Theopompus/Artemis of Ephesus

ἱκετης

unstated

36.41, 383.1

Tryph. 258–287 Sinon/Priam

ἥψατο γούνων

φίλος ἔσσεαι

45.91, 117.83

Tryph. 634–39 Priam/Zeus Herkeios

παρ᾽ ῾Ερκείῳ … βωμῳ̑

slain

Tryph. 647–48 Cassandra/Athena of Ilium

ὑπὸ γου̑να πεσου̑σαν

removed

45.91

Tz. H. 1.456–62 Thyestes/Hera

βωμῳ̑ φυγόντες

ὁρκώσαντες

37.41, 112.47, 114.61

Tz. H. 12.472–82 Pausanias/Athena of the Brazen House

τῳ̑ ἱερῳ̑ προσέδραμε

starved

153.279

Tz. ad Lyc. 307 Troilus/Thymbraean Apollo

προσφεύγει εἰς̑ τὸν του Θυμβραίου ᾽Απόλλωνος νεών

slain

157.298

Vita. Alex. 1.46a Theban/Alexander 4

ἱκετεύευειν … παρὰ τοὺς πόδας

spared

238.104

PBerol. 11771.12–22 Unknown/Demeter

Δήμητερ, ἀνατίθημί σοι ἐμαυτόν

unstated

37.41, 178.32

(1.) But released by Apollo.

(2.) And legates slain.

(3.) As in Gomme and Sandbach.

(4.) Included by way of an example of supplication in one version of the Alexander Romance. Other, more fanciful examples are not cited.

(p.326)

(p.327)

SUPPLIANT/SUPPLICANDUS 1

GESTURE/WORD

RESPONSE

PAGE(S)

1.10.4 Lysandra/Seleucus I

καταφεύγουσι

preempted

75.261

1.12.1 Tarentines/Pyrrhus

ἱκέτας

request granted

1.20.7 Aristion/Athena Polias

καταφυγόντα ἐς τὸ τη̑ς ᾽Αθηνᾶς ἱερὸν

ἀποσπάσας

36.38, 36.41, 151.265, 168.17

1.32.6 Heraclidae/Theseus

ἱκέται

accepted

142.222, 169.c

1.36.6 Cephisodorus/Romans

ἱκέτευεν

alliance

1.39.2 Adrastus/Theseus

ἱκετεύσαντος

request granted

2.6.2 Nyctaeus/Lycus

ἱκέτευσε

preempted

74.259

2.20.2 Maiden/Argives

κατέφυγεν ἱκέτις

accepted

82.32

3.4.1 Argives/Argus

καταφεύγουσιν

burned

56.145

3.5.6 King Pausanias/Athena Alea

ἱκέτην

ἐδέξαντο

36.40, 36.41, 204.147, 205.154, 206.156, 383.3

3.5.6 Chrysis/same

same

same

36.40, 204, 205

3.7.10 Leotychidas II/same

ἱκέτευε

accepted

36.40, 205–206

3.9.13 Boeotians/Athena Itonia

ἱκέτας

accepted

36.41

3.17.9 Pausanias/Zeus of Byzantium

ἱκεσίας δεξαμένῳ Διὸς Φυξίου

rejected

36.41, 142.220

4.4.7 Euaephnus/Polychares

ἱκέτευε νει̑μαί οἱ συγγνώμην

request granted

4.5.9 Messenians/altars

καθημένους ἱκέτας

slain

157.298

4.8.3 Dryopes/Spartans

ἱκέται

ὑπηκόους … συνακολουθου̑ντας

119.92

4.23.8–9 Zancleans/altars

πρὸς τὰ ἱερὰ καταφεύγουσιν

ἀνίστασαν … ὅρκους δόντες

112.47

4.24.5–6 Convicts/Posidon of Taenarus

ἱκέται καταφεύγουσιν

ἀποσπάσασα

36.41, 157.296, 168.38, 207.168, 208.173

4.24.7 Helots/Zeus of Ithome

ἐς του̑ Διος του̑ ᾽Ιθωμάτα τὸν ἱκέτην

ὑπόσπονδοι

211.19

4.34.10 Dryopes/Eurystheus

ἱκέται

accepted

118.88

5.5.1 Aristodemus/Zeus Sôtêr

ἐπὶ Διὸς Σωτη̑ρος βωμὸν καταφυγόντα

slain

36.41

5.22.2 Thetis and Day/Zeus

ἱκετεύουσαι

unstated

6.9.6–8 Cleomedes/Athena of Astypalaea

κατέφυγεν ἐς … ἱερόν

vanished

36.41

6.18.3–4 Anaximenes/Alexander

ἱκετεύειν

request mistakenly granted

112.47, 247.166

7.1.8 Ionians/Poseidon of Helice

καταπεφευγότας ἐς ῾Ελίκην

ἀφιᾶσιν ἀπελθει̑ν ὑποσπόνδους

36.40, 36.41, 119.95, 211.191, 381.4

7.2.7 Thermodonian women/Artemis of Ephesus

ἱκέτιδες

accepted

36.41, 72.239, 119.90

7.24.6 Unnamed/Poseidon of Helice

ἱκέτας

ἀποστήσασιν ἐκ του̑ ἱερου̑

36.41, 204.148

7.25.1–2 Spartans/Areopagus

καταφεύγουσιν ἐς τὸν ῎Αρειον πάγον

accepted

134.179

7.25.3 Cylonians/Athena Polias

ἱκέτας

slain

194.102

8.11.11 Hannibal the Great 1 /Prusias II

ἀφικόμενος … ἱκέτης

ἀπωσθεὶς

130.15

8.23.3 Caphyans/Cepheus

ἱκέτας

ἐς ᾽Αρκαδίαν οἰκη̑σαι

118.88, 383.1, 384.7

8.27.6 Lycorsurans/Demeter of Lycorsura

ἐλθου̑σιν 〈ἐς〉 τὸ ἱερόν

spared

37.41

9.5.1 Aonians/Cadmus

ἱκέτας

καταμει̑ναι…ἀναμιχθη̑ναι τοι̑ς Φοίνιξιν

118.88, 383.1, 384.7

10.19.7 Ptolemy “the Thunderbolt”/Seleucus II

καταπεφευγὼς…ἱκέτης ὡς αὐτόν

accepted

38.52

10.35.3 Phocians/Athena of Abae

ἐκπεφευγότας

burned

36.41, 155.285

(1.) Geus, “Hannibal,” 9.

(p.328)

(p.329)

SUPPLIANT/SUPPLICANDUS

GESTURE/WORD

RESPONSE

PAGE(S)

VA 1.10 Rich Cilician/Asclepius of Pergamum

ἱκετεύσας

request denied

72.242, 132, 146.244

VA 1.15 Magistrate of Aspendus/emperor

προσκείμενον τοι̑ς βασιλείοις ἀνδριᾶσιν

spared

252.203, 254

VA 1.23 Fish out of water/Dolphin

ἱκέτευον

unstated 1

VA 4.10 Demon/mob in Ephesus

ἱκέτευε

slain

76.276, 134, 146.244

VA 4.11 Pilgrims/Asclepius of Pergamum

ἱκετεύουσι

many cured

72.242

VA 4.16 Trojans/Achilles

ἱκετηρίαν

rejected

146.244

VA 7.35 Apollonius/Domitian

ἱκέτην γίγνεσθαι

unstated

VA 8.7.12 Arcadian/Apollonius

ἱκετεύοντά

slain

Her. 703 Neoptolemus and Diomedes/Philoctetes

ἱκετεύσαντες

request granted

Her. 706–7 Cassandra/Athena/Ilias

ἱκετεύουσαν

ἀποσπάσαι

152.271

Her. 746 Thetis/Poseidon (on behalf of Achilles)

ἱκετεύει

request granted

70.227

(1.) Alleged acts are italicized.

(p.330)

SUPPLIANT/SUPPLICANDUS

GESTURE/WORD

RESPONSE

PAGE(S)

Aem. 23.11 Perseus/Dioscuri of Samothrace

ἱκέτευεν

voluntary departure 2

132.171

Aem. 26.7–27.1 Perseus/L. Aemilius Paullus 3

προβαλὼν ἑαυτὸν ἐπὶ στόμα

ἀναστήσας…δεξιωσάμενος

50.118, 109.20

Ages. 19.1 Boeotians/Athena Itonia

flight

release by Agesilaus

36.41

Agis 11.5–12.1 Leonidas II/Athena of the Brazen House

ἱκέτης

ἀνέστησαν

36.41, 154.281, 168.20

Agis 16.3 Agis IV/Athena of the Brazen House

κατέφυγεν

voluntary departure and arrest 4

36.41

Agis 16.3 Cleombrotus/Poseidon of Taenarus

ἱκέτευε

see next entry

36.41, 207.168

Agis 17.1–18.2 Chilonis/Leonidas II (on behalf of Cleombrotus)

ἱκέτις

Κλεόμβροτον ἀναστάντα φεύγειν

42.77, 207.170

Agis 20.2–4 Agesistrata/Amphares (on behalf of Agis)

προσπεσου̑σαν

betrayed

128.143, 286.23

Alex. 42.1 Slave/Artemis of Ephesus

ἰερῳ̑ καθεζομένου

unstated

36,41

Alex. 62.3 Troops/Alexander

seated at door

request

30.4

granted

Alex. 71.4–5 same

same

same

30.4, 37.45

Ant. 18.3 Troops of M. Aemilius Lepidus 5 /M. Antonius 6

χει̑ρας ὀρέγοντας

surrender

51.122

Ant. 59.1 Friends/people (on behalf of Antony)

ἱκέτευον

unstated

73.250, 231.67

Arat. 42.1 Women of Aegium/Aratus

ἐξήρτηντο…αὐτου̑ περιεχόμενοι καὶ δακρύοντες

request granted

286.23

Caes. 16.4 Soldier/C. Julius Caesar 7

προσέπεσε

unstated

34.28, 75.263, 225.25, 243.136, 244.146

Caes. 27.5 Vercingetorix/Caesar

καθίσας ὑπὸ πόδας

taken captive

222.13, 267.272

Cam. 8.5 Liparian vessels/Romans

προϊσχομένων χει̑ρας

enslaved

43.83, 120.102

Cat. Mi. 32.4 Women/M. Porcius Cato “Uticensis” 8

καθικέτευον

request granted

285.17, 286.23

Cic. 30.4 M. Tullius Cicero 9 /Roman people

ἐσθη̑τα τε μετήλλαξε καὶ κόμης ἀνάπλεως

interrupted

60

Cic. 31.1 Knights/Roman people (on behalf of Cicero)

as above

request denied

Cleom. 8.2 Agylaeus/temple of fear

συνεισενεγκὼν ἑαυτὸν ἀπέκλεισε τὸ θύριον

accepted

36.39

Cor. 23.1–5 Cn. Marcius Coriolanus 10 /Attius Tullus

ἑστίας ἱκέτης

δεξίαν ἐμβαλὼν

95.392, 110.31

Cor. 36.3–4 Veturia 11 /Coriolanus (on behalf of Romans)

προσπίπτει ποσί

ἐξανίστησι

42.77, 109.20, 286.23

Dem. 28.2–30.1 Exiles/sanctuaries

ἱκέτηνremoved by soldiers 12

203–204, 286.21

Dio 42.3–43.6 Messengers/Dion

προσπίποντες

reference to assembly

286.2

Flam. 15.5 Aetolians/T. Quinctius Flamininus 13

χει̑ρας ὀρεγόντων

seemingly rejected

51.123

Lyc. 5.5 Charillus/Athena of the Brazen House

κατέφυγε πρὸς τὴν Χαλκίοικον

oaths and ἀνέστη 14

109.23, 112.47

Lyc. 11.1 Lycurgus/unnamed shrine

εἰς ἱερὸν καταφυγὼν

overtaken

36.39

Lys. 30.1 King Pausanias/Athena Alea

ἱκέτης

accepted

36.41, 205.154

Mar. 37.2–4 C. Marius 15 /boatmen

ἱκετεύοντος

betrayed

233.8

Mar. 37.5–6 Marius/ditchdigger

περιπεσὼν ἱκέτευεσε

request

233.8

granted

Marc. 20.7 Nicias/M. Claudius Marcellus 16

χειρω̑ν καὶ γονάτων ἁπτόμενος

spared

222.13

Marc. 23.6 Syracusans/Marcellus

προσπίπτουσιν

pardoned

245.151

Nic. 27.4–8.4 Nicias/Gylippus

προσπεσὼν

ἀναλαβών 17

286.2

Per. 31.2–3 Phidias's servant/Twelve gods

ἱκέτην

accepted 18

74.254, 102.427, 174.13, 286.20, 286.21, 383.3

Pomp. 3.3 Cn. Pompeius Magnus 19 /troops

ῥίψας ἑαυτὸν ἐπὶ στόμα

request granted

50.118

Pomp. 24.7 Cilician pirates/Romans

προσέπιπτον

forgiven

120.103, 243.136

Pomp. 28.1 Cilicians/Pompey

ἱκετηρίας

surrender

222.13, 223.15

Pomp. 29.2 Cretan pirates/Pompey

ἱκετηρίαν

surrender

120.103, 222.13, 223.15

Pomp. 55.6 P. Plautius Hypsaeus 20 /Pompey

γονάτων λαβόμενος

request denied

32.16, 130.157

Pop. 16.1 Tarquinius Superbus/Lars Porsenna

ἱκέτευσε

ὑπέσχετο

30.4, 73.248

Rom. 19.1–6 Sabine women/soldiers

ἱκετεύομεν

σπονδὰς

83.325

Sol. 12.1 Cylonians/Athena Polias

ἱκετεύοντας

betrayed

125.127, 194–195

Sol. 12.2 Cylonians/wives of magistrates

ἱκετεύσαντες

accepted

42.77, 194.103

Sull. 13.3 Athenian councillors/Ariston

ἱκετεύοντας

assaulted

107.9

Sull. 14.5 Medias and Calliphon/L. Cornelius Sulla Felix 21

προκουλινδουμένων

forgiven

222.13, 286.22

Them. 24.1–3 Themistocles/Admetus

flight

accepted

31.7, 38–39, 159.303

Them. 28.1–29.2 Themistocles/Artaxerxes 22

ἱκέτην

accepted

18.71, 237.100, 238.108, 286.22

Thes. 8.1 Perigune/shrubs

ἱκέτευσε

πίστιν

112.44

Timol. 4.5–6 Timoleon/brother

καθικέτευον

request denied

73.251, 146.240, 157.299, 164.45

Timol. 16.5–8 Assassin/altar

βωμου̑ λαβόμενος

accepted by Timoleon 23

74.254, 286.21

Mul Virt. 247c Tyrrhenean women/Spartan jailers

ἱκεσίαις

request

granted

Mul. Virt. 251a–c Micca/Philodemus

περιπλεκομένη καὶ καθικετεύουσα

interrupted

35.34, 72.239

Mul. Virt. 262e Miners' wives/Mine owner

ἱκετηρίαν

request

42.77

granted

QG 298d Nauplius/Chalcidians

ἱκετευ̑σαι

accepted

QG 299d Poemander/Tanagrans

ἐφέστιον καὶ ἱκέτην ξένον

ἐκβεβληκότων

40.64, 108.12, 141.215, 164.46, 383.1

Gen. Socrat. 599c Prisoners/escapees

ὀρέγουσι χει̑ρας

unstated

51.123

Amat. Narr. 774f Callirrhoe/Athena Itonia

ἱκέτις καθέζεται

accepted

72.239

Unius in Rep. 825b Friends of Orsilaus/Athena Pronaia

ἱκετεύοντας

slain

157.298

(1.) For supplicatory letters, see appendix 6 . Lives listed in alphabetical order, followed by Moralia listed by section number.

(2.) 26.1–3.

(3.) RE 114 dubitanter.

(4.) 19.1, where he leaves to bathe and is ambushed on his way back to the temple.

(5.) RE 73.

(6.) RE 30, hereafter “Antony.”

(7.) RE 131, hereafter “Caesar.”

(8.) RE 20.

(9.) RE 29.

(10.) RE 51 in Supp. 5, hereafter “Coriolanus.”

(11.) RE 24.

(12.) Same events at X Orat. Vitae 846e–f.

(13.) RE 45.

(14.) Same event at Cleom. 10.4.

(15.) RE 14 in Supp. 6, hereafter “Marius.”

(16.) RE 220, hereafter “Marcellus.”

(17.) i.e., ἀναστήσας but pending trial.

(18.) On condition of giving information.

(19.) RE 31, hereafter “Pompey.”

(20.) RE 23.

(21.) RE 392.

(22.) Xerxes according to Ephorus and others cited by Plut. Them. 27.1.

(23.) On condition of giving information.

(p.331) (p.332)

(p.333)

SUPPLIANT/SUPPLICANDUS

GESTURE/WORD

RESPONSE

PAGE(S)

2.36 Heraeans/Dioetas

ἱκετεύοντες

parley

119.95

4.3.30 Indians/Alexander

μετὰ ἱκετηριω̑ν

surrender

32.13

5.5.1–2 Megarans/altars

ἐπὶ τοὺς βωμοὺς ἱκέται καταφυγόντες

ἐξέβαλε 1

149.251, 168.7

5.17.2 Heraclides/altar

βωμῳ̑ προσέφυγεν ἱκετηρίας λαβὼν

unstated

96, 247

5.17.2 Heraclides/Rhodians

ἱκέτης

accepted

90, 247.166

8.25.3 Women/Cn. Marcius Coriolanus 2

προσπεσου̑σαι ἱκετηρίας προί̑σχουσι

request granted

42.77

8.46.1 Themisto/Poseidon of Helice

προσέφυγεν ἱκέτις

removed

157.296

8.47.1 Pheritima/King of Cyprus

ἱκέτευσεν

request denied

73.248, 164.47

8.47.1 Pheritima/Satrap of Egypt

καταφυγου̑σα

request granted

73.248

8.50.1 Berenice “the Syrian”/mob

ἱκέτις

request denied

146, 164.48

8.51.1 Pausanias/Athena of the Brazen House

ἱκέτης

starved

153

8.55.1 Hecataeus and Satyrus/Tirgatao

ἱκετηρίας

συνθέμενοι τοὺς ὅρκους

30.4, 112, 247.166

8.55.1 Sons of Satyrus/Tirgatao

ἱκέτας

accepted

30.4

(1.) By Theocles, who made sure that they were disarmed before doing so.

(2.) RE 51 in Supp. 5.

(p.334)

SUPPLIANT/SUPPLICANDUS

GESTURE/WORD

RESPONSE

PAGE(S)

1.35.4 Carthaginians/M. Atilius Regulus 1

πταίουσιν παρὰ πόδας

rejected

41.72, 50.118

2.6.1 Epirots/Aetolians and Achaeans

μεθ᾽ ἱκετηρίας

accepted

4.80.13 Elean towns/Philip V

μεθ᾽ ἱκετηρίας

accepted

5.76.9–10 Selgians/Achaeus and Garsyeris

μεθ᾽ ἱκετηριω̑ν

σπονδὰς ποιησάμενοι

114, 119.95

9.9.11 Tarentines/Bomilcar 2

μεθ᾽ ἱκετηρίας

request granted

9.29.4 Enemies of Macedon/Athens and elsewhere

ἐκ τω̑ν ἱερω̑ν ἀγόμενοι μετὰ βίας…ἀπὸ τω̑ν βωμω̑ν ἀποσπώμενοι

155–56, 168.31, 204

10.18 Captive woman/P. Cornelius Scipio Africanus 3

προσπεσούσης

λαβόμενος τη̑ς δεξιᾶς

75, 110

15.8.12 Carthaginians/Romans

μεθ᾽ ἱκετηρίας

συνθήκας

41.72, 119.95, 334

15.29.7–33.8 Oenanthe/Demeter of Alexandria

καθίσασα

ἀποσπάσαντες 4

151.265, 168.10

15.31.12–13 Agathocles and Agathoclea/mob

πορτείναντες τὰς χει̑ρας…καὶ τοὺς μασθοὺς

slain 5

80.302

18.26.9–12 Macedonians/Romans

ἀνασχόντων τὰς σαρίσας

attacked

51.122

30.9.1–11 Polyaratus/Phaselitans

λαβὼν θαλλοὺς κατέφυγεν ἐπὶ τὴν κοινίαν ἑστίαν

removed 6

40.64, 149.252, 168.2, 258–9

30.9.12–13 Polyaratus/Caunians

κατέφυγφε

rejected

131, 164.42, 259

38.20.1–10 Hasdrubal 7 /P. Cornelius Scipio Africanus Aemilianus 8

ἱκέτου…τοι̑ς…γόνασι

accepted

383.1

(1.) RE 51.

(2.) Geus, “Bomilcar,” 2.

(3.) RE 336.

(4.) 15.33.8; then slain with Agathocles and Agathoclea.

(5.) 15.33.8.

(6.) When an emissary from the king of Egypt bids him leave and the Phaselitans agree with the emissary, συνεπισχυόντων αὐτῳ̑.

(7.) Geus, “Hasdrubal,” 14.

(8.) RE 335.

(p.335)

SUPPLIANT/SUPPLICANDUS

GESTURE/WORD

RESPONSE

PAGE(s)

Aj. 587–90 Tecmessa/Ajax

ἱκνου̑μαι

request denied

45.92, 86.343, 99.410, 163.13

Aj. 1171–1373 Eurysaces/Ajax

ἱκέτης ἔφαψαι πατρός

request granted

37.43

OC 44–641 Oedipus/Furies of Colonus

θάκησιν εἵ τινα βλέπεις … πρὸς ἄλσεσιν θεω̑ν, στη̑σόν με κἀξίδρυσον

rejected, then accepted 2

71.237, 94.383, 108.15, 113.55, 118.89, 184.59, 383.3

OC 1156–1205 Polynices/Poseidon of Colonus

βωμῳ̑ καθη̑σθαι

request granted

36.41, 206.157

OC 1267–1396 Polynices/Oedipus

᾽Αιδὼς … πρὸς σοί. … παρασταθήτω

μὴ μ᾽ ἀποστραφῃ̑ς

35.34, 73.248, 83.323, 86.343, 103.432, 130.149, 163.14

OT 1–77 People/Oedipus

ἕδρας … θοάζετε ἱκτηρίοις κλάδοισιν ἐξεστεμμένοι

accepted

177.22, 237

OT 19–21 People/gods

ἐξεστεμμένον ἀγοραι̑σι θακει̑

prayer not granted

237

OT 326–29 People/Tiresias

προσκυνου̑μεν οἵδ᾽ ἱκετήριοι

rejected and later aversion (447)

45.92, 74.254, 163.15, 238.102

Ph. 468–529 Philoctetes/Neoptolemus

ἱκέτης ἱκνου̑μαι

betrayed 3

45.92, 62.181, 86.340, 97.402, 99.409, 111.41, 218.215

Ph.. 927–35 Philoctetes/Neoptolemus

ἱκνου̑μαι σ᾽ … ἱκετεύω

ᾡ̑δ᾽ ὁρᾳ̑ πάλιν reversed (1261)

45.92, 97, 124.121, 130.149, 276.315

Chryses Iphigenia, Orestes/Chryses

flight implied

accepted 4

156.294

Tyro Sidero/Hera

εἰς τὸτέμενος κατέφυγε

slain 5

71.237

(1.) No line numbers for acts coextensive with the entire play. Incomplete plays at end. Supplicatory prayers italicized.

(2.) Rejection 226, 254–58. Acceptance: 555–59.

(3.) A nod sought, 484; not given, 525–29.

(4.) Hyg. Fab. 120, 21.

(5.) Apollod. 1.9.8.

(p.336)

SUPPLIANT/SUPPLICANDUS

GESTURE/WORD

RESPONSE

PAGE(s)

1.24.6–7 Epidamnians/Corcyrans

ἱκέται καθεζόμενοι

οὐκ ἐδέξαντο

87.353, 132.171, 164.38, 384.6

1.101.2–103 Messenians/Zeus of Ithome

τὸν ἱκέτην του̑ Διός

σπονδαί

36.40, 119.95, 154.284, 168.24, 210.183, 211.190, 212.195, 381.4, 384.7

1.126.3–1.127 Cylonians/Athena Polias

καθίζουσιν ἱκέται

ἀναστήσαντες and betrayed

109.20, 125.127, 135.189, 194.102

1.128.1 Helots/Poseidon of Taenarus

τω̑ν Εἱλώτων ἱκέτας

same

36.41, 207, 208.172

1.133 Pausanias's lover/same

του̑ ἀνθρώπου ἱκέτου

ἀναστάσεως πίστιν

112.44, 207–8

1.134.1 Pausanias/Athena of the Brazen House

προκαταφυγει̑ν

ἀπῳκοδόμησαν

36.41

1.136.2–37.1 Themistocles/Admetus

ἱκέτης γενόμενος καθέζεσθαι ἐπὶ τήν ἑστίαν

accepted

31.7, 38.53, 45.93, 98, 383.1

3.8–14 Mytileneans/Spartans

ἴσα καὶ ἱκέταις

request granted 1

3.28.2 Mytileneans/altars

ἐπὶ τοὺς βωμοὺς καθίζουσιν

ἀναστήσας

109.20, 216.209

3.58.2–3 Plataeans/Spartans 2

τη̑ς ὑμετέρας πίστεως ἱκέται

rejected

45, 46.95, 64.195, 87.350, 164.40, 214–16

3.66.2 Thebans/Plataeans

χει̑ρας προϊσχομένους

betrayed 3

51.122

3.67.3 Theban elders/Spartans

ἱκετείαν ποιου̑νται

unstated

3.70.5–6 Corcyrans/shrines

ἱκέτων καθεζομένων

request denied

70.229, 132, 164.39

3.75.3–5 Corcyrans/Dioscuri

καθεζεμένων ἐς ἱερόν

ἀνίστησί

109.2

3.81.2–4 Corcyrans/Hera betrayal

ἐς τὸ ῾ac Ηραιον ἐλθόντες

δίκην ὑποσχει̑ν ἔπεισαν and

37.41, 127.138

4.38.1 Spartans/Athenians

χει̑ρας ἀνέσεισαν

ξυνη̑λθον ἐς λόγους

45.93, 46.95, 51.124, 114.67, 119.95

4.98–100 Athenians/Apollo of Delium

καταφυγὴν εἰ̑ναι τοὺς βωμοὺς

assaulted

94.385, 151.264, 176.19, 211.186

5.16.3 Plistoanax/Zeus Lykaios

καταφυγόντα

accepted 4

207.163, 207.165

5.60.6 Thrasyllus/altar

same

spared

67.211, 75.266

6.19.1 Egestan and Leontine fugitives/Athenians

ἱκέτευον

request granted

96.397

8.84.3 Astyochus/altar

same

spared

75.266

(1.) Italicized acts are suppositious or alleged.

(2.) Also 3.59.4.

(3.) Occurrence of supplication at 3.58.2–3 expressly denied by Thebans 3.67.5; occurrence of supplication at 3.66.2 implicitly denied by Plataeans at 3.56.2.

(4.) So also 2.21.1.

(p.337)

SUPPLIANT/SUPPLICANDUS

GESTURE/WORD

RESPONSE

PAGE(s)

An. 1.6.7 Orontas/Artemis of Ephesus

ἐλθὼν ἐπὶ τὸν βωμὸν

πιστὰ

36.41, 112.44

An. 7.1.21–22 Soldiers/Xenophon

προσπίπτουσι

request granted

73.249

An. 7.4.22–24 Thynians/Seuthes

ἱκέτευον

προσωμολόγουν

112.44

HG 2.3.52–55 Theramenes/council altar

ἀνεπήδησεν ἐπὶ τὴν ἑστίαν

εἵλκε…ἀπὸ του̑ βωμου̑

40.64, 149.251, 150–51, 168.4

HG 4.3.20 Thebans/Athena of Helicon

ὑπὸ τῳ̑ νεῳ̑ εἰσι

spared

36.41, 137

HG 4.4.3–5 Corinthian oligarchs/public shrines

πρὸς τὰ ἀγάλματα τω̑ν ἐν τῃ̑ ἀγορᾳ̑ θεω̑ν, οἱ δ᾽ ἐπὶ τοὺς βωμούς

slain

137–38, 157

HG 4.5.5–6 Corinthians/Hera

εἰς…τὸ ῾ac Ηραιον κατέφυγον

voluntary departure

37.41, 132.171

HG 6.3.1 Plataeans and Thespians/Athenians

καταπεφευγότας … ἱκετεύοντας

unstated

182.50

HG 6.5.9 Tegean minority/Artemis of Pallanteum

εἰς τὸν τη̑ς ᾽Αρτέμιδος νεὼν καταφυγόντες, καὶ {}^.ἐγκλεισάμενοι

siege and departure

36.41, 154.281, 168.21

(p.338)

SUPPLIANT/SUPPLICANDUS

GESTURE/WORD

RESPONSE

PAGE(s)

1.13.6–14.1 Habrocomes and Anthia/Corymbus

λαβόμενοι τω̑ν γονάτων

spared and enslaved

34.27, 120.102

2.3.4–5 Manto/Rhoda

πρὸς τὰ πατρῳ̑α ἱερὰ…ἱκέτευε

request granted under threat

40.65, 63.187, 85.337

2.5.6–6.1 Manto/Apsyrtus

προσπεσου̑σα πρὸς τὰ γόνατα

request granted

46.102, 60.175, 247.164

2.6.5 Anthia/Apsyrtus (on behalf of Habrocomes)

προσπίπτει … γόνασι

request denied

42.77, 46.102, 131.161, 146.243 164.54, 247.164

2.9.4 Anthia/Lampon

προσπίπτει…γόνασιν

oath sworn

46.102, 112.47, 233.82

2.10.2 Habrocomes/Apsyrtus

προσπίπτει…γόνασι

ἀνίστησι

35.30, 46.102, 109.21

3.2.3 Hippothous/Hyperanthes

ἱκέτεύω

πάντα ὑπισχνει̑ται

78.286, 112.43

3.5.5 Anthia/Eudoxus

προσπίπτει…γόνασιν

oath sworn 1

46.102, 112.47, 233.82

3.8.4–5 Anthia/brigands

τω̑ν ποδω̑ν προκυλιομένη

request denied

34.27, 51.125, 131.161, 146.243, 164.55

5.4.6–8 Anthia/Isis and Apis

ἱκέτις γενομένη

oath sworn by pursuer

383.1

5.5.6 Anthia/Clytus

προσπεσου̑σα γόνασι

request denied

46.102, 131.161, 146.243, 164.56

(1.) But the supplicandus refuses a later request that he poison her (3.5.8).