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Lincolnites and RebelsA Divided Town in the American Civil War$
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Robert Tracy McKenzie

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195182941

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182941.001.0001

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A New Set of Strains

A New Set of Strains

(p.173) CHAPTER SEVEN A New Set of Strains
Lincolnites and Rebels

Robert Tracy McKenzie

Oxford University Press

This chapter spans the period from the onset of Union occupation of Knoxville until March 1865. It focuses on two themes, the range of responses among Confederate civilians to Federal military occupation, and the growing schism among local Unionists over emancipation. Abraham Lincoln did not include Tennessee in the Emancipation Proclamation, but by early 1864 it was clear that the presence of Union troops was promoting the collapse of the institution nonetheless. A minority of Unionists labored to preserve slavery and forge an alliance with northern Democrats who were similarly objecting to the Republican emancipation policies. The majority, however, came to accept the end of slavery as an inevitable product of the war and endorsed emancipation as a justifiable response to treason. The chapter closes with local Unionists' overwhelming endorsement of a state referendum abolishing slavery in February 1865, only two months before the conclusion of the war.

Keywords:   Confederate civilians, Knoxville, Tennessee, Abraham Lincoln, Emancipation Proclamation, federal military occupation, slavery, Unionists

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