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The Master Musicians: Mozart$
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Julian Rushton

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195182644

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182644.001.0001

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Mannheim and Paris 1777–1779

Mannheim and Paris 1777–1779

(p.57) Chapter 7 Mannheim and Paris 1777–1779
The Master Musicians: Mozart

Julian Rushton

Oxford University Press

Following his resignation from the archbishop's service, Mozart set off, on 23 September 1777 with his mother. Leopold wanted Wolfgang to find a better patron in Germany, within the relatively secure economic and musical world that he himself understood best. At first, Mozart made a real effort to gain employment in Germany, beginning in Munich. While trying to cover expenses by giving a concert and lessons, Mozart cultivated the court to no avail. Mozart eventually moved to Mannheim where he stayed, rather than directing himself through the Rhineland as Leopold intended. The Mozarts reached Paris on 23 March 1778. The intellectual capital of Europe, with a little luck and at another time, might have provided Mozart with a living. But a war of words had begun in 1774 between the supporters of Gluck's reformed opera and those who favoured an authentically Italian style. Idomeneo would eventually show that Mozart could assimilate French as well as Italian elements and adapt the innovations of Gluck to his own more richly musical ends. But in Paris, nobody asked him to try.

Keywords:   Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, composers, Germany, Paris, Mannheim

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