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The Neurology of Autism$
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Mary Coleman

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780195182224

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182224.001.0001

The Epidemiology of Autism

Chapter:
(p.119) Chapter 6 The Epidemiology of Autism
Source:
The Neurology of Autism
Author(s):

Christopher Gillberg

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182224.003.0006

This chapter reviews the major epidemiological studies performed in the field of autism (including so-called ASDs). Studies published in the 1960s, 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, and from 2000 are considered. It is shown that autistic disorder occurs in approximately 0.2% of the general population of children. Spectrum disorders, including Asperger syndrome, are probably considerably more common than “classic” autism. The link between ASD and male gender remains strong according to recent prevalence studies, but it is likely that females are currently underdiagnosed. The link between autism and various other types of brain disorders and brain damaging factors is strong, although the pattern is different and more complex once the whole spectrum of clinical presentations of autism is taken into account.

Keywords:   autism, prevalence, Asperger syndrome, ASD, brain disorder

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