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The Ghost of Jim CrowHow Southern Moderates Used Brown v Board of Education to Stall the Civil Rights Movement$
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Anders Walker

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195181746

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181746.001.0001

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“Lawful and Peaceful Means”: LeRoy Collins Limits Brown in Florida

“Lawful and Peaceful Means”: LeRoy Collins Limits Brown in Florida

(p.85) 3 “Lawful and Peaceful Means”: LeRoy Collins Limits Brown in Florida
The Ghost of Jim Crow

Anders Walker (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter focuses on how LeRoy Collins worked with a committee of legal experts to undermine Brown in Florida. Specifically, it discusses his use of state troopers and state agencies to monitor both white extremists and black activists. It also describes Collins's attempts to reconfigure segregation in racially neutral ways, including his attempts to shift attention away from black bids for desegregation and toward the need to improve black “standards.” Hoping to augment such rhetoric, Collins engaged in a variety of measures designed to place more scrutiny and pressure on the black poor. Though his commitment to segregation seemed ambivalent, a close review of Collins's private letters suggests that he maintained a firm commitment to segregation from the start but did not advertise it, in the hopes that federal courts would be more prone to approving Florida's pupil placement program.

Keywords:   white extremists, Black activists, segregation, poor, pupil placement program, Southern moderates

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