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The Ghost of Jim Crow
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The Ghost of Jim Crow: How Southern Moderates Used Brown v Board of Education to Stall the Civil Rights Movement

Anders Walker


In “Letter from Birmingham Jail,” Martin Luther King, Jr. asserted that “the Negro's great stumbling block in his stride toward freedom is not the White Citizen's Counciler or the Ku Klux Klanner, but the white moderate, who is more devoted to “order” than to justice.” To date, our understanding of the Civil Rights era has been largely defined by high-profile public events such as the crisis at Little Rock high school, bus boycotts, and sit-ins-incidents that were met with massive resistance and brutality. The resistance of Southern moderates to racial integration was much less public and high ... More

Keywords: Civil Rights era, Southern moderates, racial integration, J. P. Coleman, Luther Hodges, LeRoy Collins, black political activist, white extremists

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2009 Print ISBN-13: 9780195181746
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181746.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Anders Walker, author
John Jay College of Criminal Justice
Author Webpage