The Process and Early Outcomes of Cochlear Implantation by Three Years of Age
This chapter reviews literature on children who receive cochlear implants during the first 3 years of life. Data suggests that early implantation results in faster development of auditory and speech skills, with many children who receive them by 2 years of age appearing (at least up to about 3 years postimplant) to function at levels typical for hearing children. Age effects may be represented by a step function, with 2 years of age being one significant break point, and about 5 years of age another point marking enhanced potential compared to older ages. The chapter also discusses the complications arising from the demands of assessing and working with infants and toddlers, and examines ways to avoid potential pitfalls in research tracking their development.
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