Will the Real Relationship Between Facial Expression and Affective Experience Please Stand Up?: The Case of Exhilaration
This chapter attempts to illuminate some of the mechanisms that gave rise to doubts that facial expression and affective experience are highly interrelated. Generally, the idea advanced is that low correlations should not inevitably be interpreted as nonconsistent response patterns or as evidence of a behavior-experience discrepancy. It is argued that the approach used to compute the correlations constitutes the major neglected factor: even for a given data set it produces systematic variations in the size of the coefficients to be obtained. The analyses show that it is not justified to conclude that the different elements of exhilaration behavior are correlated with judged funniness to different extents, despite the fact that the uncorrected coefficients suggested such an interpretation. The data presented is reprinted humor research that shows that the application of highly sophisticated assessment tools, like the Facial Action Coding System (FACS), generally boosts the size of the coefficients, and even the least favorable Design A yields a coefficient of .65 in the control group.
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