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What the Face Reveals
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What the Face Reveals: Basic and Applied Studies of Spontaneous Expression Using the Facial Action Coding System (FACS)

Paul Ekman and Erika L. Rosenberg

Abstract

While we have known for centuries that facial expressions can reveal what people are thinking and feeling, it is only recently that the face has been studied scientifically for what it can tell us about internal states, social behavior, and psychopathology. Today's widely available, sophisticated measuring systems have allowed us to conduct a wealth of new research on facial behavior that has contributed enormously to our understanding of the relationship between facial expression and human psychology. The chapters in this volume present the state-of-the-art in this research. They address key ... More

Keywords: facial expressions, internal states, social behavior, psychopathology, human psychology, voluntary expressions, involuntary expressions, emotion

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2005 Print ISBN-13: 9780195179644
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179644.001.0001

Authors

Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Paul Ekman, editor
University of California, San Francisco

Erika L. Rosenberg, editor
University of California, Davis

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Contents

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What the Face Reveals

Part One Basic Research on Emotion

1 Is the Startle Reaction an Emotion?

Paul Ekman, Wallace V. Friesen, and Ronald C. Simons

7 Genuine, Suppressed, and Faked Facial Behavior During Exacerbation of Chronic Low Back Pain

Kenneth D. Craig, Susan A. Hyde, and Christopher J. Patrick

9 Smiles When Lying

Paul Ekman, Wallace V. Friesen, and Maureen O'sullivan

10 Behavioral Markers and Recognizability of the Smile of Enjoyment

Mark G. Frank, Paul Ekman, and Wallace V. Friesen

13 Japanese and American Infants' Responses to Arm Restraint

Linda A. Camras, Harriet Oster, Joseph J. Campos, Kazuo Miyake, and Donna Bradshaw

15 All Smiles Are Positive, but Some Smiles Are More Positive Than Others

Daniel S. Messinger, Alan Fogel, and K. Laurie Dickson

18 Toward Automatic Recognition of Spontaneous Facial Actions

Marian Stewart Bartlett, Javier R. Movellan, Gwen Littlewort, Bjorn Braathen, Mark G. Frank, and Terrence J. Sejnowski

Part Two Applied Research

19 Facial Expression in Affective Disorders

Paul Ekman, David Matsumoto, and Wallace V. Friesen

23 Depression and Suicide Faces

Michael Heller, and Véronique Haynal

25 Facial Expressions of Emotion and Psychopathology in Adolescent Boys

Dacher Keltner, Terrie E. Moffitt, and Magda Stouthamer-loeber

26 Type A Behavior Pattern: Facial Behavior and Speech Components

Margaret A. Chesney, Paul Ekman, Wallace V. Friesen, George W. Black, and Michael H. L. Hecker

27 Linkages Between Facial Expressions of Anger and Transient Myocardial Ischemia in Men with Coronary Artery Disease

Erika L. Rosenberg, Paul Ekman, Wei Jiang, Michael Babyak, R. Edward Coleman, Michael Hanson, Christopher OʼConnor, Robert Waugh, and James A. Blumenthal

28 Effects of Smoking Opportunity on Cue-Elicited Urge: A Facial Coding Analysis 

Michael A. Sayette, Joan M. Wertz, Christopher S. Martin, Jeffrey F. Cohn, Michael A. Perrott, and Jill Hobel

End Matter