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Rabbis as RomansThe Rabbinic Movement in Palestine, 100-400 CE$
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Hayim Lapin

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780195179309

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179309.001.0001

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Rabbis in Palestine

Rabbis in Palestine

Texts, Origins, Development

Chapter:
(p.38) 2 Rabbis in Palestine
Source:
Rabbis as Romans
Author(s):

Hayim Lapin

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179309.003.0002

This chapter surveys the contents of the rabbinic canon for two purposes. First, much of the argument of the book draws on the contents of these works, so that a historically grounded understanding of these works is essential. Second, the chapter argues that in the absence of other data, the works themselves must serve as historical artifacts, and studied for the evidence they provide of Rabbinic group-formation or institutionalization. The chapter also surveys some of the evidence for the emergence of the rabbinic movement in the late first and early second century, showing that the evidence is tainted by the concerns of the tradents and editors who preserved and promulgated the material. In a sense, we can document a Rabbinic movement with the production of the Mishnah in about 200. The historiographical task of reconstructing early history works backwards from that fixed point.

Keywords:   Mishnah, Tosefta, Yerushalmi, Midrash, urbanization, Gamaliel, patriarch, nasi, Pharisees, Yabneh, institutionalization

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