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Judgments Over Time
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Judgments Over Time: The Interplay of Thoughts, Feelings, and Behaviors

Lawrence J. Sanna and Edward C. Chang


Time pervades every aspect of people's lives. Humans are all affected by remnants of pasts, assessments of presents, and forecasts of futures. The thoughts, feelings, and behaviors over time inexorably intertwine and intermingle, determining varied reactions such as affect and emotions, as well as future behaviors. The purpose of this volume is to bring together the diverse theory and research on work related to people's judgments over time. To date, much theory and research on temporal variables wi ... More

Keywords: time, past, present, future, feelings, behaviors, affect, emotions, conceptual relations

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2006 Print ISBN-13: 9780195177664
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177664.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Lawrence J. Sanna, editor
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Edward C. Chang, editor
University of Michigan

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1 Past as Prologue

Lawrence J. Sanna, and Edward C. Chang

Part I Thinking About the Future

2 Abandoning Optimism in Predictions About the Future

James A. Shepperd, Kate Sweeny, and Patrick J. Carroll

3 Defensive Pessimism

Julie K. Norem, and Shannon Smith

4 Pursuing a Path to a More Perfect Future

Edward C. Chang, Christina A. Downey, and Elizabeth Y. Lin

5 Predicting Feelings Versus Choices

Leaf Van Boven, and Joanne Kane

6 Considering Future Consequences

Jeff Joireman, Alan Strathman, and Daniel Balliet

7 Hope Over Time

C. R. Snyder, Kevin L. Rand, and Lorie A. Ritschel

8 Fantasy Realization and the Bridging of Time

Gabriele Oettingen, and Jennifer Thorpe

Part II Thinking About the Past

9 Extending the Goal Progress Theory of Rumination

Leonard L. Martin, and Abraham Tesser

10 The Road Not Takenn

Lawrence J. Sanna, Seth E. Carter, and Eulena M. Small

11 Explaining the Past, Predicting the Future

Bertram F. Malle, and Chuck Tate

12 Looking Backward With an Eye on the Future

Marcel Zeelenberg, and Rik Pieters

13 Looking Back on What We Knew and When We Knew It

Fred B. Bryant, and Adam DeHoek

14 How Do You Feel About It Now and When Did It Happen?

John J. Skowronski, W. Richard Walker, and John E. Edlund

15 Remembering and Misremembering Emotions

Linda J. Levine, Martin A. Safer, and Heather C. Lench

16 Future as Epilogue

Lawrence J. Sanna, and Edward C. Chang