Studies in the Neuropsychology of Attention
This chapter reviews the history of research on attention, including studies generated during wartime, and accounts of the impairment seen in brain-injured soldiers, as described by Luria and Rosvold. The chapter goes on to review some of the seminal behavioral, neurophysiological, electrophysiological and anatomical studies done in the past 60 years related to impaired attention, with particular emphasis on absence epilepsy. Assessment of attention is one of the major components of modern neuropsychological practice; it is well known, that in addition to epilepsy and the eponymous ADHD, impaired attention is characteristic of schizophrenia, head injury, and other neuropsychiatric and medical disorders. A model of attention elements is reviewed, and there is discussion of environmental factors that contribute to the development of attention impairment.
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